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675-高尔夫球场砍树

Description:

You are asked to cut off trees in a forest for a golf event. The forest is represented as a non-negative 2D map, in this map:

  1. 0 represents the obstacle can’t be reached.
  2. 1 represents the ground can be walked through.
  3. The place with number bigger than 1 represents a tree can be walked through, and this positive number represents the tree’s height.

You are asked to cut off all the trees in this forest in the order of tree’s height - always cut off the tree with lowest height first. And after cutting, the original place has the tree will become a grass (value 1).

You will start from the point (0, 0) and you should output the minimum steps you need to walk to cut off all the trees. If you can’t cut off all the trees, output -1 in that situation.

You are guaranteed that no two trees have the same height and there is at least one tree needs to be cut off.


Example 1:

Input: 
[
 [1,2,3],
 [0,0,4],
 [7,6,5]
]
Output: 6

Example 2:

Input: 
[
 [1,2,3],
 [0,0,0],
 [7,6,5]
]
Output: -1

Example 3:

Input: 
[
 [2,3,4],
 [0,0,5],
 [8,7,6]
]
Output: 6
Explanation: You started from the point (0,0) and you can cut off the tree in (0,0) directly without walking.

Hint: size of the given matrix will not exceed 50x50.


问题描述

为了建高尔夫球场,你需要将整片森林的树砍掉。森林由一个正整数构成的二维map组成。map由如下三类元素组成

  1. 0,代表无法跨越的障碍
  2. 1.代表可以通过的路面
  3. 大于1的数,代表可以通过的树,并且数字代表树的高度

你需要按照树的高度砍树-总是先砍最矮的树。砍掉一颗树后,树原先位置的元素置1,代表可以通过的地面。

从(0, 0)开始,你需要返回需要将整片森林的树砍掉所需的最小步数。如果不能砍掉所有树,返回-1

注意,没有两颗树具有相同高度并且总至少有一棵树需要被砍掉。


问题分析

由砍树的顺序(先砍最矮的树,然后高度依次增高),我们想到了优先级队列。
由最小步数,我们想到了BFS

综合一下
通过优先级队列维护砍树顺序,通过BFS找出当前位置与下一个需要砍的树之间的最小距离,累加距离,返回结果。注意,若BFS返回-1,代表当前位置与下一个树无法连通,因此结果为-1


解法

class Solution {
    private static final int[][] DIRS = new int[][]{{0, -1}, {-1, 0}, {0, 1}, {1, 0}};

    public int cutOffTree(List<List<Integer>> forest) {
        if(forest == null || forest.size() == 0 || forest.get(0).size() == 0)   return 0;

        int count = 0, m = forest.size(), n = forest.get(0).size();
        int[][] arr = new int[m][n];
        //优先级队列,维护砍树顺序
        PriorityQueue<int[]> pqueue = new PriorityQueue<int[]>((a, b) -> a[2] - b[2]);
        //将需要砍的树放入优先级队列
        for(int i = 0;i < m;i++){
            for(int j = 0;j < n;j++){
                int h = forest.get(i).get(j);
                arr[i][j] = h;
                if(h > 1){
                    pqueue.offer(new int[]{i, j, h});
                }
            }
        }
        //起始点初始化
        int[] start = new int[2];
        //总步数
        int totalstep = 0;
        //在遍历优先级队列的过程中,使用BFS找出最短路径长度
        while(!pqueue.isEmpty()){
            int[] target = pqueue.poll();
            int min = minStep(arr, start, target, m, n);
            if(min == -1)   return -1;
            //累加求和
            totalstep += min;
            start[0] = target[0];
            start[1] = target[1];
        }

        return totalstep;
    }
    //通过BFS找出最短路径长度
    private int minStep(int[][] arr, int[] start, int[] target, int m, int n){
        int stepCount = 0;
        Queue<int[]> queue = new LinkedList();
        boolean[][] seen = new boolean[m][n];
        queue.offer(start);
        seen[start[0]][start[1]] = true;

        while(!queue.isEmpty()){
            int size = queue.size();

            while(size > 0){
                int[] cur = queue.poll();
                if(cur[0] == target[0] && cur[1] == target[1])  return stepCount;
                for(int[] dir : DIRS){
                    int newx = cur[0] + dir[0];
                    int newy = cur[1] + dir[1];
                    if(newx >= 0 && newx < m && newy >=0 && newy < n && !seen[newx][newy] && arr[newx][newy] >= 1){
                        seen[newx][newy] = true;
                        queue.offer(new int[]{newx, newy});
                    }
                }
                size--;
            }
            stepCount++;
        }

        return -1;
    }
}
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版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,未经博主允许不得转载。 https://blog.csdn.net/LaputaFallen/article/details/79949672
个人分类: 算法与数据结构
所属专栏: leetcode全解
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