模块化建立项目流程(Maven聚合模块)

版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,未经博主允许不得转载。 https://blog.csdn.net/LemonTreey/article/details/54293755

先说项目使用Maven的好处


1、项目构建。Maven定义了软件开发的整套流程体系,并进行了封装,开发人员只需要指定项目的构建流程,无需针对每个流程编写自己的构建脚本。

2、依赖管理。除了项目构建,Maven最核心的功能是软件包的依赖管理,能够自动分析项目所需要的依赖软件包,并到Maven中心仓库去下载。

A)管理依赖的jar包

B)管理工程之间的依赖关系。


传统工程结构


 



Maven管理的工程结构:

不使用maven:工程部署时需要手动复制jar包。完成工程构建。非常繁琐。

使用maven进行工程构建:

使用maven可以实现一步构建。




1.创建springmvc-parent


1.1创建maven工程




1.1.2修改pom文件


<!-- 集中定义依赖版本号 -->
	<properties>
		<junit.version>4.12</junit.version>
		<spring.version>4.1.3.RELEASE</spring.version>
		<mybatis.version>3.2.8</mybatis.version>
		<mybatis.spring.version>1.2.2</mybatis.spring.version>
		<mybatis.paginator.version>1.2.15</mybatis.paginator.version>
		<mysql.version>5.1.32</mysql.version>
		<slf4j.version>1.6.4</slf4j.version>
		<jackson.version>2.4.2</jackson.version>
		<druid.version>1.0.9</druid.version>
		<httpclient.version>4.3.5</httpclient.version>
		<jstl.version>1.2</jstl.version>
		<servlet-api.version>2.5</servlet-api.version>
		<jsp-api.version>2.0</jsp-api.version>
		<joda-time.version>2.5</joda-time.version>
		<commons-lang3.version>3.3.2</commons-lang3.version>
		<commons-io.version>1.3.2</commons-io.version>
		<commons-net.version>3.3</commons-net.version>
		<pagehelper.version>3.4.2-fix</pagehelper.version>
		<jsqlparser.version>0.9.1</jsqlparser.version>
		<commons-fileupload.version>1.3.1</commons-fileupload.version>
		<jedis.version>2.7.2</jedis.version>
		<solrj.version>4.10.3</solrj.version>
	</properties>
<!-- 只定义以来的版本,并不实际依赖-->
  <dependencyManagement>
		<dependencies>
			<!-- 时间操作组件 -->
			<dependency>
				<groupId>joda-time</groupId>
				<artifactId>joda-time</artifactId>
				<version>${joda-time.version}</version>
			</dependency>
			<!-- Apache工具组件 -->
			<dependency>
				<groupId>org.apache.commons</groupId>
				<artifactId>commons-lang3</artifactId>
				<version>${commons-lang3.version}</version>
			</dependency>
			<dependency>
				<groupId>org.apache.commons</groupId>
				<artifactId>commons-io</artifactId>
				<version>${commons-io.version}</version>
			</dependency>
			<dependency>
				<groupId>commons-net</groupId>
				<artifactId>commons-net</artifactId>
				<version>${commons-net.version}</version>
			</dependency>
			<!-- Jackson Json处理工具包 -->
			<dependency>
				<groupId>com.fasterxml.jackson.core</groupId>
				<artifactId>jackson-databind</artifactId>
				<version>${jackson.version}</version>
			</dependency>
			<!-- httpclient -->
			<dependency>
				<groupId>org.apache.httpcomponents</groupId>
				<artifactId>httpclient</artifactId>
				<version>${httpclient.version}</version>
			</dependency>
			<!-- 单元测试 -->
			<dependency>
				<groupId>junit</groupId>
				<artifactId>junit</artifactId>
				<version>${junit.version}</version>
				<scope>test</scope>
			</dependency>
			<!-- 日志处理 -->
			<dependency>
				<groupId>org.slf4j</groupId>
				<artifactId>slf4j-log4j12</artifactId>
				<version>${slf4j.version}</version>
			</dependency>
			<!-- Mybatis -->
			<dependency>
				<groupId>org.mybatis</groupId>
				<artifactId>mybatis</artifactId>
				<version>${mybatis.version}</version>
			</dependency>
			<dependency>
				<groupId>org.mybatis</groupId>
				<artifactId>mybatis-spring</artifactId>
				<version>${mybatis.spring.version}</version>
			</dependency>
			<dependency>
				<groupId>com.github.miemiedev</groupId>
				<artifactId>mybatis-paginator</artifactId>
				<version>${mybatis.paginator.version}</version>
			</dependency>
			<dependency>
				<groupId>com.github.pagehelper</groupId>
				<artifactId>pagehelper</artifactId>
				<version>${pagehelper.version}</version>
			</dependency>
			<!-- MySql -->
			<dependency>
				<groupId>mysql</groupId>
				<artifactId>mysql-connector-java</artifactId>
				<version>${mysql.version}</version>
			</dependency>
			<!-- 连接池 -->
			<dependency>
				<groupId>com.alibaba</groupId>
				<artifactId>druid</artifactId>
				<version>${druid.version}</version>
			</dependency>
			<!-- Spring -->
			<dependency>
				<groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
				<artifactId>spring-context</artifactId>
				<version>${spring.version}</version>
			</dependency>
			<dependency>
				<groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
				<artifactId>spring-beans</artifactId>
				<version>${spring.version}</version>
			</dependency>
			<dependency>
				<groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
				<artifactId>spring-webmvc</artifactId>
				<version>${spring.version}</version>
			</dependency>
			<dependency>
				<groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
				<artifactId>spring-jdbc</artifactId>
				<version>${spring.version}</version>
			</dependency>
			<dependency>
				<groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
				<artifactId>spring-aspects</artifactId>
				<version>${spring.version}</version>
			</dependency>
			<!-- JSP相关 -->
			<dependency>
				<groupId>jstl</groupId>
				<artifactId>jstl</artifactId>
				<version>${jstl.version}</version>
			</dependency>
			<dependency>
				<groupId>javax.servlet</groupId>
				<artifactId>servlet-api</artifactId>
				<version>${servlet-api.version}</version>
				<scope>provided</scope>
			</dependency>
			<dependency>
				<groupId>javax.servlet</groupId>
				<artifactId>jsp-api</artifactId>
				<version>${jsp-api.version}</version>
				<scope>provided</scope>
			</dependency>
			<!-- 文件上传组件 -->
			<dependency>
				<groupId>commons-fileupload</groupId>
				<artifactId>commons-fileupload</artifactId>
				<version>${commons-fileupload.version}</version>
			</dependency>
			<!-- Redis客户端 -->
			<dependency>
				<groupId>redis.clients</groupId>
				<artifactId>jedis</artifactId>
				<version>${jedis.version}</version>
			</dependency>
			<!-- solr客户端 -->
			<dependency>
				<groupId>org.apache.solr</groupId>
				<artifactId>solr-solrj</artifactId>
				<version>${solrj.version}</version>
			</dependency>
		</dependencies>
	</dependencyManagement>
	
	<build>
		<finalName>${project.artifactId}</finalName>
		<plugins>
			<!-- 资源文件拷贝插件,实际依赖 -->
			<plugin>
				<groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
				<artifactId>maven-resources-plugin</artifactId>
				<version>2.7</version>
				<configuration>
					<encoding>UTF-8</encoding>
				</configuration>
			</plugin>
			<!-- java编译插件 -->
			<plugin>
				<groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
				<artifactId>maven-compiler-plugin</artifactId>
				<version>3.2</version>
				<configuration>
					<source>1.7</source>
					<target>1.7</target>
					<encoding>UTF-8</encoding>
				</configuration>
			</plugin>
		</plugins>
		<pluginManagement>
			<plugins>
				<!-- 配置Tomcat插件 -->
				<plugin>
					<groupId>org.apache.tomcat.maven</groupId>
					<artifactId>tomcat7-maven-plugin</artifactId>
					<version>2.2</version>
				</plugin>
			</plugins>
		</pluginManagement>
	</build>	


1.1.3 将spring-parent安装到本地仓库



2.创建spring-common


注意:我们这里创建common项目的用途是用来放其他工程需要用到的通用组件、工具类、以及单元测试等等,可以让整个结构体系看起来更加清晰,明确


2.1.1 创建工程(由于我之前建过这个项目所以我这里只是演示下)





2.1.2修改pom文件


<!-- jar包的依赖 -->
	<dependencies>
		<!-- 时间操作组件 -->
		<dependency>
			<groupId>joda-time</groupId>
			<artifactId>joda-time</artifactId>
		</dependency>
		<!-- Apache工具组件 -->
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.apache.commons</groupId>
			<artifactId>commons-lang3</artifactId>
		</dependency>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.apache.commons</groupId>
			<artifactId>commons-io</artifactId>
		</dependency>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>commons-net</groupId>
			<artifactId>commons-net</artifactId>
		</dependency>
		<!-- Jackson Json处理工具包 -->
		<dependency>
			<groupId>com.fasterxml.jackson.core</groupId>
			<artifactId>jackson-databind</artifactId>
		</dependency>
		<!-- httpclient -->
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.apache.httpcomponents</groupId>
			<artifactId>httpclient</artifactId>
		</dependency>
		<!-- 单元测试 -->
		<dependency>
			<groupId>junit</groupId>
			<artifactId>junit</artifactId>
			<scope>test</scope>
		</dependency>
		<!-- 日志处理 -->
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.slf4j</groupId>
			<artifactId>slf4j-log4j12</artifactId>
		</dependency>
	</dependencies>

2.1.3 更新工程

右键项目->Maven->Update Project Configuration

3.创建spring-manager




注意这是个pom工程

5.1修改pom文件

<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
	xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
	<modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
	<parent>
		<groupId>com.yanl</groupId>
		<artifactId>springmvc-parent</artifactId>
		<version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
	</parent>
	<groupId>com.yanl</groupId>
	<artifactId>spring-manager</artifactId>
	<version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
	<packaging>pom</packaging>
	<description>聚合工程,包含4个模块三个jar模块entity,mapper,service以及war模块controller</description>
	<!-- 依赖管理 -->
	<dependencies>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>com.yanl</groupId>
			<artifactId>spring-common</artifactId>
			<version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
		</dependency>
	</dependencies>
	<modules>
		<module>spring-manager-entity</module>
		<module>spring-manager-mapper</module>
		<module>spring-manager-service</module>
		<module>spring-manager-web</module>
	</modules>
	<build>
		<plugins>
			<plugin>
				<groupId>org.apache.tomcat.maven</groupId>
				<artifactId>tomcat7-maven-plugin</artifactId>
				<configuration>
					<port>8080</port>
					<path>/</path>
				</configuration>
			</plugin>
		</plugins>
	</build>
</project>

4.创建spring-manager-entity


注意:这是一个在manager里面的模块所以右键spring-manager项目选择新建项目的Maven Module







5.创建spring-manager-mapper




5.1修改pom文件

<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
	xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
	<modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
	<parent>
		<groupId>com.yanl</groupId>
		<artifactId>spring-manager</artifactId>
		<version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
	</parent>
	<artifactId>spring-manager-mapper</artifactId>
	<!-- 依赖管理 -->
	<dependencies>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>com.yanl</groupId>
			<artifactId>spring-manager-entity</artifactId>
			<version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
		</dependency>
		<!-- Mybatis -->
			<dependency>
				<groupId>org.mybatis</groupId>
				<artifactId>mybatis</artifactId>
			</dependency>
			<dependency>
				<groupId>org.mybatis</groupId>
				<artifactId>mybatis-spring</artifactId>
			</dependency>
			<dependency>
				<groupId>com.github.miemiedev</groupId>
				<artifactId>mybatis-paginator</artifactId>
			</dependency>
			<dependency>
				<groupId>com.github.pagehelper</groupId>
				<artifactId>pagehelper</artifactId>
			</dependency>
			<!-- MySql -->
			<dependency>
				<groupId>mysql</groupId>
				<artifactId>mysql-connector-java</artifactId>
			</dependency>
			<!-- 连接池 -->
			<dependency>
				<groupId>com.alibaba</groupId>
				<artifactId>druid</artifactId>
			</dependency>
	</dependencies>
</project>


6.创建spring-manager-service




6.1修改pom文件

<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
	xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
	<modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
	<parent>
		<groupId>com.yanl</groupId>
		<artifactId>spring-manager</artifactId>
		<version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
	</parent>
	<artifactId>spring-manager-service</artifactId>
	<description>service模块</description>
	<!-- 依赖管理 -->
	<dependencies>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>com.yanl</groupId>
			<artifactId>spring-manager-mapper</artifactId>
			<version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
		</dependency>
		<!-- Spring -->
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
			<artifactId>spring-context</artifactId>
		</dependency>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
			<artifactId>spring-beans</artifactId>
		</dependency>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
			<artifactId>spring-webmvc</artifactId>
		</dependency>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
			<artifactId>spring-jdbc</artifactId>
		</dependency>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
			<artifactId>spring-aspects</artifactId>
		</dependency>
	</dependencies>
</project>





7.创建spring-manager-web(这个就是我们的前端控制器controller)




7.1修改pom文件

<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
	xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
	<modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
	<parent>
		<groupId>com.yanl</groupId>
		<artifactId>spring-manager</artifactId>
		<version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
	</parent>
	<artifactId>spring-manager-web</artifactId>
	<packaging>war</packaging>
	<!-- 依赖管理 -->
	<dependencies>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>com.yanl</groupId>
			<artifactId>spring-manager-service</artifactId>
			<version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
		</dependency>
		<!-- JSP相关 -->
		<dependency>
			<groupId>jstl</groupId>
			<artifactId>jstl</artifactId>
			<version>${jstl.version}</version>
		</dependency>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>javax.servlet</groupId>
			<artifactId>servlet-api</artifactId>
			<version>${servlet-api.version}</version>
			<scope>provided</scope>
		</dependency>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>javax.servlet</groupId>
			<artifactId>jsp-api</artifactId>
			<version>${jsp-api.version}</version>
			<scope>provided</scope>
		</dependency>
		<!-- 文件上传组件 -->
		<dependency>
			<groupId>commons-fileupload</groupId>
			<artifactId>commons-fileupload</artifactId>
			<version>${commons-fileupload.version}</version>
		</dependency>
	</dependencies>
</project>

至此我们的工程建立完成,我们需要测试这个工程能不能用还需要配置如下




8.配置tomcat插件


运行web工程需要添加一个tomcat插件。插件必须添加到spring-manager工程中。因为spring-manager是聚合工程。在运行时需要把子工程聚合到一起才能运行。


上面在创建spring-manager时我已经配置了,这里在配下,提醒。


<build>
		<plugins>
			<plugin>
				<groupId>org.apache.tomcat.maven</groupId>
				<artifactId>tomcat7-maven-plugin</artifactId>
				<configuration>
					<port>8080</port>
					<path>/</path>
				</configuration>
			</plugin>
		</plugins>
	</build>

注意:在运行聚合工程之前需要将parent,common工程安装至本地仓库,不然会报找不到依赖的错误。
右键工程- Run as - mvn install

9.运行聚合工程




看到如下,说明运行成功



如果运行聚合工程报错invalid LOC header (bad signature),说明jar没有被maven依赖,有可能是你改了本地maven仓库地址引起的,需要删除之前存在的jar文件夹,让maven重新下载。

使用maven命令运行该工程最好使用 clean tomcat7:run。

然后打开http://localhost:8080/你会看到



大功告成,说明我们的聚合工程没有问题,这里有几点需要解释下

10.1.关于mybatis分页插件pagehelper的问题




有关分页插件请看我之前写过的一篇pagehelper文章。

10.2  Java编译插件




10.3  Build时控制台报错,一般是提示parent,common没有安装,你右键这两个项目安装下在运行spring-manager就可以了。


10.4 需要用到的仓库我上传到我的资源里面了(由于文件太大,我传百度网盘了,传送门 http://pan.baidu.com/s/1cmrIgu),如果maven下载不了直接将这个仓库覆盖你自己的本地仓库,一般本地仓库在C盘用户.m2文件夹下,祝你成功。


10.5 工程项目在我资源页http://download.csdn.net/detail/lemontreey/9738477,我没有clean所以比较大。



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