2016山东省第七届acm省赛 G题 Triple Nim

Problem Description

Alice and Bob are always playing all kinds of Nim games and Alice always goes first. Here is the rule of Nim game:

    There are some distinct heaps of stones. On each turn, two players should remove at least one stone from just one heap. Two player will remove stone one after another. The player who remove the last stone of the last heap will win.

    Alice always wins and Bob is very unhappy. So he decides to make a game which Alice will never win. He begins a game called “Triple Nim”, which is the Nim game with three heaps of stones. He’s good at Nim game but bad as math. With exactly N stones, how many ways can he finish his target? Both Alice and Bob will play optimally.

Input

 Multiple test cases. The first line contains an integer T (T <= 100000), indicating the number of test case. Each case contains one line, an integer N (3 <= N <= 1000000000) indicating the number of stones Bob have.

Output

 One line per case. The number of ways Bob can make Alice never win.

 

Sample Input

3
3
6
14

Sample Output

0
1
4

Hint

 In the third case, Bob can make three heaps (1,6,7), (2,5,7), (3,4,7) or (3,5,6).

 


无解...对博弈论真是完全不会..

先暴力打表来一发发现奇数全为0,偶数中2的n次方全为0.

剩下的莫名其妙的一堆数字。结合题目“运用nim博弈的性质”,只记住nim博弈与二进制有关。

看n中1的个数吧...

我们发现n的二进制1的个数符合 F[ N ] = F [ N -1 ] * 3 +1;

emmmm..对于我等弱渣这题.........


#include<iostream>
#include<string.h>
#include<stdio.h>
#include<vector>
#include<queue>
#include <fstream>
#include <iomanip>
using namespace std;
int main()
{
    int ans,pp;
    int i;
    long long int f[100];
    f[2]=1;
    f[1]=0;
    f[0]=0;
    for(i=3;i<30;i++)
        f[i]=f[i-1]*3+1;
    long long int a;
    int T;
    cin>>T;
    while(T--)
    {
        cin>>a;
        ans=0;
        if(a%2)
        {
            cout<<0<<endl;
            continue;
        }
        while(a!=0)
        {
            pp=a%2;
            if(pp)
                ans++;
            a/=2;
        }
        cout<<f[ans]<<endl;
    }


}

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个人分类: 大三ACM - 博弈
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