2016山东省第七届acm省赛 G题 Triple Nim
Alice and Bob are always playing all kinds of Nim games and Alice always goes first. Here is the rule of Nim game:
There are some distinct heaps of stones. On each turn, two players should remove at least one stone from just one heap. Two player will remove stone one after another. The player who remove the last stone of the last heap will win.
Alice always wins and Bob is very unhappy. So he decides to make a game which Alice will never win. He begins a game called “Triple Nim”, which is the Nim game with three heaps of stones. He’s good at Nim game but bad as math. With exactly N stones, how many ways can he finish his target? Both Alice and Bob will play optimally.
Multiple test cases. The first line contains an integer T (T <= 100000), indicating the number of test case. Each case contains one line, an integer N (3 <= N <= 1000000000) indicating the number of stones Bob have.
One line per case. The number of ways Bob can make Alice never win.
3 3 6 14
0 1 4
In the third case, Bob can make three heaps (1,6,7), (2,5,7), (3,4,7) or (3,5,6).
我们发现n的二进制1的个数符合 F[ N ] = F [ N -1 ] * 3 +1;
using namespace std;
long long int f;
long long int a;