Json in Java

1.什么是json?

    json是一种与开发语言无关,轻量级的数据格式。全称JavaScript Object Notation

2.数据结构--Object

    使用花括号{}包含的键值对结构,key必须是String类型,value为任何基本类型数据结构

3.数据结构--Array

    使用中括号[]来起始,并用逗号来分割元素.

4.JSON数据的演示:

{
	"name":"zhangsan",
	"age":25,
	"birthday":"1992-01-03",
	"school":"qinghua",
	"language":["Chinese","engilsh"],
	"adult":true,
	"house":null
}

5:使用原生方法创建json  

	public static void JsonObjectSample(){
		JSONObject jsonObject=new JSONObject();
		
		jsonObject.put("name", "zhangsan");
		jsonObject.put("age", 25);
		jsonObject.put("birthday", "1992-01-03");
		jsonObject.put("school", "qinghua");
		jsonObject.put("language", new String[] {"chinese","english"});
		jsonObject.put("adult", true);
		jsonObject.put("house", null);
		System.out.println(jsonObject.toString());
	}

6:使用Map构建JSON 

	public static void createJsonByHashMap(){
		Map<String,Object> jsonObject=new HashMap<String,Object>();
		Object nullObject=null;
		
		jsonObject.put("name", "zhangsan");
		jsonObject.put("age", 25);
		jsonObject.put("birthday", "1992-01-03");
		jsonObject.put("school", "qinghua");
		jsonObject.put("language", new String[] {"chinese","english"});
		jsonObject.put("adult", true);
		jsonObject.put("house", nullObject);
		System.out.println(new JSONObject(jsonObject).toString());
	}

7:使用javaBean来构建Json

  1):  bean类的创建

package bean;

public class Student {
	private String name;
	private int age;
	private String birthday;
	private String[] language;
	private String school;
	private boolean adult;
	private String house;
	public Student() {
		super();
	}
	public String getName() {
		return name;
	}
	public void setName(String name) {
		this.name = name;
	}
	public int getAge() {
		return age;
	}
	public void setAge(int age) {
		this.age = age;
	}
	public String getBirthday() {
		return birthday;
	}
	public void setBirthday(String birthday) {
		this.birthday = birthday;
	}
	public String[] getLanguage() {
		return language;
	}
	public void setLanguage(String[] language) {
		this.language = language;
	}
	public String getSchool() {
		return school;
	}
	public void setSchool(String school) {
		this.school = school;
	}
	public boolean isAdult() {
		return adult;
	}
	public void setAdult(boolean adult) {
		this.adult = adult;
	}
	public String getHouse() {
		return house;
	}
	public void setHouse(String house) {
		this.house = house;
	}	
}

  2):创建JSON类的方法

	private static void createJsonByBean(){
		Student student=new Student();
		student.setName("zhangsan");
		student.setAge( 25);
		student.setBirthday("1992-01-03");
		student.setSchool( "qinghua");
		student.setLanguage( new String[] {"chinese","english"});
		student.setAdult( true);
		student.setHouse(null);
		System.out.println(new JSONObject(student));
	}

8:使用GSON来生成json

public class GsonToJson {
	public static void main(String[] args){
		Student student=new Student();
		student.setName("zhangsan");
		student.setAge(25);
		student.setBirthday("1990-01-03");
		student.setSchool("qinghua");
		student.setLanguage(new String[] {"chinese","english"});
		student.setAdult(true);
		student.setHouse(null);
		
		GsonBuilder gsonBuilder=new GsonBuilder();
		gsonBuilder.setPrettyPrinting();
		Gson gson=gsonBuilder.create();
		System.out.println(gson.toJson(student));
	}
}

    

    


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