Linux-0.01 main.c 注释

#define __LIBRARY__
#include 
  
   
#include <
   time.h>


   /*
 * we need this inline - forking from kernel space will result
 * in NO COPY ON WRITE (!!!), until an execve is executed. This
 * is no problem, but for the stack. This is handled by not letting
 * main() use the stack at all after fork(). Thus, no function
 * calls - which means inline code for fork too, as otherwise we
 * would use the stack upon exit from 'fork()'.
 *
 * Actually only pause and fork are needed inline, so that there
 * won't be any messing with the stack from main(), but we define
 * some others too.
 */

   static inline _syscall0(
   int,fork)

   static inline _syscall0(
   int,pause)

   static inline _syscall0(
   int,setup)

   static inline _syscall0(
   int,sync)

#include 
   
    
#include 
    
     
#include 
     
      
#include 
      
       system.h>
#include 
       
         #include 
        
          #include 
         
           #include 
          
            #include 
           
             #include 
            
              #include 
              
              static 
              char printbuf[1024]; 
              extern 
              int vsprintf(); 
              extern 
              void init(
              void); 
              extern 
              void hd_init(
              void); 
              extern 
              long kernel_mktime(
              struct tm * tm); 
              extern 
              long startup_time; 
              /* * Yeah, yeah, it's ugly, but I cannot find how to do this correctly * and this seems to work. I anybody has more info on the real-time * clock I'd be interested. Most of this was trial and error, and some * bios-listing reading. Urghh. */ #define CMOS_READ(addr) ({ / 
              //禁止NMI(不可屏蔽中断) outb_p(0x80|addr,0x70); / inb_p(0x71); / }) #define BCD_TO_BIN(val) ((val)=((val)&15) + ((val)>>4)*10) 
              //二进制编码的十进制表示 
              static 
              void time_init(
              void) { 
              struct tm 
              time; 
              do { 
              time.tm_sec = CMOS_READ(0); 
              time.tm_min = CMOS_READ(2); 
              time.tm_hour = CMOS_READ(4); 
              time.tm_mday = CMOS_READ(7); 
              time.tm_mon = CMOS_READ(8)-1; 
              time.tm_year = CMOS_READ(9); } 
              while (
              time.tm_sec != CMOS_READ(0)); 
              //一定要在1秒之间完成time结构 BCD_TO_BIN(
              time.tm_sec); BCD_TO_BIN(
              time.tm_min); BCD_TO_BIN(
              time.tm_hour); BCD_TO_BIN(
              time.tm_mday); BCD_TO_BIN(
              time.tm_mon); BCD_TO_BIN(
              time.tm_year); startup_time = kernel_mktime(&
              time); } 
              void main(
              void) 
              /* This really IS void, no error here. */ { 
              /* The startup routine assumes (well, ...) this */ 
              /* * Interrupts are still disabled. Do necessary setups, then * enable them */ time_init(); tty_init(); trap_init(); sched_init(); buffer_init(); hd_init(); sti(); move_to_user_mode(); 
              //转入用户模式 
              if (!fork()) { 
              /* we count on this going ok */ init(); } 
              /* * NOTE!! For any other task 'pause()' would mean we have to get a * signal to awaken, but task0 is the sole exception (see 'schedule()') * as task 0 gets activated at every idle moment (when no other tasks * can run). For task0 'pause()' just means we go check if some other * task can run, and if not we return here. */ 
              for(;;) pause(); 
              //暂停task0,循环让其他进程运行,在这里其实只有一个0任务 } 
              static 
              int 
              printf(
              const 
              char *fmt, ...) { va_list args; 
              int i; va_start(args, fmt); 
              write(1,printbuf,i=vsprintf(printbuf, fmt, args)); va_end(args); 
              return i; } 
              static 
              char * argv[] = { "
              -",NULL }; 
              static 
              char * envp[] = { "
              HOME=/usr/root", NULL }; 
              void init(
              void) { 
              int i,j; setup(); 
              //读取硬盘信息,并将信息存入start_buffer->b_data中,并保存分区信息,登记根超级块 
              if (!fork()) _exit(execve("
              /bin/update",NULL,NULL)); (
              void) 
              open("
              /dev/tty0",O_RDWR,0); (
              void) dup(0); 
              //复制一个tty0 (
              void) dup(0); 
              //再复制一个tty0 
              printf("
              %d buffers = %d bytes buffer space/n/r",NR_BUFFERS, NR_BUFFERS*BLOCK_SIZE); 
              printf("
               Ok./n/r"); 
              if ((i=fork())<0) 
              //复制当前进程 
              printf("
              Fork failed in init/r/n"); 
              else 
              if (!i) { 
              //如果成功 
              close(0);
              close(1);
              close(2); 
              //关闭打开的3个tty0文件 setsid(); (
              void) 
              open("
              /dev/tty0",O_RDWR,0); (
              void) dup(0); (
              void) dup(0); _exit(execve("
              /bin/sh",argv,envp)); 
              //执行shell } j=wait(&i); 
              printf("
              child %d died with code %04x/n",j,i); sync(); _exit(0); 
              /* NOTE! _exit, not exit() */ }
             
            
           
          
         
        
       
      
     
    
   
  
  • 0
    点赞
  • 0
    评论
  • 0
    收藏
  • 一键三连
    一键三连
  • 扫一扫,分享海报

相关推荐
©️2020 CSDN 皮肤主题: 大白 设计师:CSDN官方博客 返回首页
实付
使用余额支付
点击重新获取
扫码支付
钱包余额 0

抵扣说明:

1.余额是钱包充值的虚拟货币,按照1:1的比例进行支付金额的抵扣。
2.余额无法直接购买下载,可以购买VIP、C币套餐、付费专栏及课程。

余额充值