leetcode 随笔 Rotate Image

一道找规律的题

You are given an n x n 2D matrix representing an image.

Rotate the image by 90 degrees (clockwise).

Note:

You have to rotate the image in-place, which means you have to modify the input 2D matrix directly. DO NOT allocate another 2D matrix and do the rotation.

Example 1:

Given input matrix = 
[
  [1,2,3],
  [4,5,6],
  [7,8,9]
],

rotate the input matrix in-place such that it becomes:
[
  [7,4,1],
  [8,5,2],
  [9,6,3]
]

Example 2:

Given input matrix =
[
  [ 5, 1, 9,11],
  [ 2, 4, 8,10],
  [13, 3, 6, 7],
  [15,14,12,16]
], 

rotate the input matrix in-place such that it becomes:
[
  [15,13, 2, 5],
  [14, 3, 4, 1],
  [12, 6, 8, 9],
  [16, 7,10,11]
]

可以看成是向右滚了一下矩阵

思路主要是遍历,矩阵的外层到内层滚动数字,每次移动4个数字。

只要想明白了,这个题还是很简单的。

 class Solution {
 public:
	 void rotate(vector<vector<int>>& matrix) {
		 int size = matrix.size();
		 if (size == 0 || size == 1) return;
		 digui(matrix, size, 0);
	 }
	 void digui(vector<vector<int>>& matrix, int size,int i)
	 {
		 if (size == 1)
			 return;
		 int zq = size - 1;
		 for (int j = i; j < zq+i; j++)
		 {
			 int value = matrix[i][j];
			 matrix[i][j] = matrix[i + i + zq - j][i];//top
			 matrix[i + zq + i - j][i] = matrix[i + zq][i + zq + i - j];//left
			 matrix[i + zq][i + zq + i - j] = matrix[j][i + zq];//bottom
			 matrix[j][i + zq] = value;//right
		 }
		 if (size == 2) return;
		 digui(matrix, size-2, i + 1);
	 }
 };

阅读更多
想对作者说点什么?

博主推荐

换一批

没有更多推荐了,返回首页