JSP过滤器防止Xss漏洞

   在用java进行web业务开发的时候,对于页面上接收到的参数,除了极少数是步可预知的内容外,大量的参数名和参数值都是不会出现触发Xss漏洞的字符。而通常为了避免Xss漏洞,都是开发人员各自在页面输出和数据入库等地方加上各种各样的encode方法来避免Xss问题。而由于开发人员的水平不一,加上在编写代码的过程中安全意识的差异,可能会粗心漏掉对用户输入内容进行encode处理。针对这种大量参数是不可能出现引起Xss和SQL注入漏洞的业务场景下,因此可以使用一个适用大多数业务场景的通用处理方法,牺牲少量用户体验,来避免Xss漏洞和SQL注入。

那就是利用Servlet的过滤器机制,编写定制的XssFilter,将request请求代理,覆盖getParameter和getHeader方法将参数名和参数值里的指定半角字符,强制替换成全角字符。使得在业务层的处理时不用担心会有异常输入内容。

XssFilter.java

package filter;

import java.io.IOException;

import javax.servlet.Filter;
import javax.servlet.FilterChain;
import javax.servlet.FilterConfig;
import javax.servlet.ServletException;
import javax.servlet.ServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.ServletResponse;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;

public class XssFilter implements Filter {

public void init(FilterConfig config) throws ServletException {
}

public void doFilter(ServletRequest request, ServletResponse response,
FilterChain chain) throws IOException, ServletException 
{
XssHttpServletRequestWrapper xssRequest = new XssHttpServletRequestWrapper(
(HttpServletRequest) request);
chain.doFilter(xssRequest, response);
}

public void destroy() {
}
}



XssHttpServletRequestWrapper.java

package filter;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequestWrapper;

public class XssHttpServletRequestWrapper extends HttpServletRequestWrapper {
HttpServletRequest orgRequest = null;

public XssHttpServletRequestWrapper(HttpServletRequest request) {
super(request);
orgRequest = request;
}

/**
* 覆盖getParameter方法,将参数名和参数值都做xss过滤。<br/>
* 如果需要获得原始的值,则通过super.getParameterValues(name)来获取<br/>
* getParameterNames,getParameterValues和getParameterMap也可能需要覆盖
*/
@Override
public String getParameter(String name) {
String value = super.getParameter(xssEncode(name));
if (value != null) {
value = xssEncode(value);
}
return value;
}

/**
* 覆盖getHeader方法,将参数名和参数值都做xss过滤。<br/>
* 如果需要获得原始的值,则通过super.getHeaders(name)来获取<br/>
* getHeaderNames 也可能需要覆盖
*/
@Override
public String getHeader(String name) {

String value = super.getHeader(xssEncode(name));
if (value != null) {
value = xssEncode(value);
}
return value;
}

/**
* 将容易引起xss漏洞的半角字符直接替换成全角字符
*
* @param s
* @return
*/
private static String xssEncode(String s) {
if (s == null || s.isEmpty()) {
return s;
}
StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder(s.length() + 16);
for (int i = 0; i < s.length(); i++) {
char c = s.charAt(i);
switch (c) {
case '>':
sb.append('>');//全角大于号
break;
case '<':
sb.append('<');//全角小于号
break;
case '\'':
sb.append('‘');//全角单引号
break;
case '\"':
sb.append('“');//全角双引号
break;
case '&':
sb.append('&');//全角
break;
case '\\':
sb.append('\');//全角斜线
break;
case '#':
sb.append('#');//全角井号
break;
default:
sb.append(c);
break;
}
}
return sb.toString();
}

/**
* 获取最原始的request
*
* @return
*/
public HttpServletRequest getOrgRequest() {
return orgRequest;
}
/**
* 获取最原始的request的静态方法
*
* @return
*/
public static HttpServletRequest getOrgRequest(HttpServletRequest req) {
if(req instanceof XssHttpServletRequestWrapper){
return ((XssHttpServletRequestWrapper)req).getOrgRequest();
}

return req;
}
}

在web.xml中添加

 <filter>
<filter-name>xssFilter</filter-name>
<filter-class>filter.XssFilter</filter-class>
</filter>
<filter-mapping>
<filter-name>xssFilter</filter-name>
<url-pattern>/*</url-pattern>
</filter-mapping>


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