JDBC数据库连接操作步骤

增、删、改的连接步骤

 		Statement stmt = null;
        Connection conn = null;
        try {
            //1. 注册驱动
            Class.forName("com.mysql.jdbc.Driver");
            //2. 定义sql
            String sql = "insert into account values(null,'王五',3000)";
            //3.获取Connection对象
            conn = DriverManager.getConnection("jdbc:mysql:///db3", "root", "root");
            //4.获取执行sql的对象 Statement
            stmt = conn.createStatement();
            //5.执行sql
            int count = stmt.executeUpdate(sql);//影响的行数
            //6.处理结果
            System.out.println(count);
            if(count > 0){
                System.out.println("添加成功!");
            }else{
                System.out.println("添加失败!");
            }

        } catch (ClassNotFoundException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (SQLException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }finally {
            //stmt.close();
            //7. 释放资源
            //避免空指针异常
            if(stmt != null){
                try {
                    stmt.close();
                } catch (SQLException e) {
                    e.printStackTrace();
                }
            }

            if(conn != null){
                try {
                    conn.close();
                } catch (SQLException e) {
                    e.printStackTrace();
                }
            }
        }

查询的操作步骤:

		Connection conn = null;
        Statement stmt = null;
        ResultSet rs = null;
        try {
            //1. 注册驱动
            Class.forName("com.mysql.jdbc.Driver");
            //2.获取连接对象
            conn = DriverManager.getConnection("jdbc:mysql:///db3", "root", "root");
            //3.定义sql
            String sql  = "select * from account";
            //4.获取执行sql对象
            stmt = conn.createStatement();
            //5.执行sql
            rs = stmt.executeQuery(sql);
            //6.处理结果
            //6.1 让游标向下移动一行
            rs.next();
            //6.2 获取数据
            int id = rs.getInt(1);
            String name = rs.getString("name");
            double balance = rs.getDouble(3);

            System.out.println(id + "---" + name + "---" + balance);


            //6.1 让游标向下移动一行
            rs.next();
            //6.2 获取数据
            int id2 = rs.getInt(1);
            String name2 = rs.getString("name");
            double balance2 = rs.getDouble(3);

            System.out.println(id2 + "---" + name2 + "---" + balance2);

            //6.1 让游标向下移动一行
            rs.next();
            //6.2 获取数据
            int id3 = rs.getInt(1);
            String name3 = rs.getString("name");
            double balance3 = rs.getDouble(3);

            System.out.println(id3 + "---" + name3 + "---" + balance3);


        } catch (ClassNotFoundException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (SQLException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } finally {
            //7.释放资源

            if(rs != null){
                try {
                    rs.close();
                } catch (SQLException e) {
                    e.printStackTrace();
                }
            }

            if(stmt != null){
                try {
                    stmt.close();
                } catch (SQLException e) {
                    e.printStackTrace();
                }
            }

            if(conn != null){
                try {
                    conn.close();
                } catch (SQLException e) {
                    e.printStackTrace();
                }
            }
        } 
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