SQL Server使用bcp导入导出

Transact-SQL语句进行导入导出:

1.在SQL SERVER里查询access数据:
-- ======================================================
SELECT * 
FROM OpenDataSource( 'Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0',
'Data Source="c:\DB.mdb";User ID=Admin;Password=')...表名

select *  from opendatasource('Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0','Data Source="D:\db.mdb";User ID=Admin;Password=')...Student where name = '我'
select * from newTable
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
2.将access导入SQL server 
-- ======================================================
在SQL SERVER 里运行:
SELECT *
INTO newtable
FROM OPENDATASOURCE ('Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0', 
      'Data Source="c:\DB.mdb";User ID=Admin;Password=' )...表名
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
3.将SQL SERVER表里的数据插入到Access表中
-- ======================================================
在SQL SERVER 里运行:
insert into OpenDataSource( 'Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0',
  'Data Source=" c:\DB.mdb";User ID=Admin;Password=')...表名 
(列名1,列名2)
select 列名1,列名2  from  sql表

实例:
insert into  OPENROWSET('Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0', 
   'C:\db.mdb';'admin';'', Test) 
select id,name from Test
INSERT INTO OPENROWSET('Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0', 'c:\trade.mdb'; 'admin'; '', 表名)
SELECT *
FROM sqltablename


insert into  OpenDataSource('Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0','Data Source="D:\db.mdb";User ID=Admin;Password=')...Student(studentid,name) select staffid,name from staff
insert into  OPENROWSET('Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0', 
   'D:\db.mdb';'admin';'', Student) 
select accountid,name from tblbaccount

select * from openrowset('Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0','D:\db.mdb';'admin';'',Student)
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

二、SQL SERVER 和EXCEL的数据导入导出
1、在SQL SERVER里查询Excel数据:

SELECT * 
FROM OpenDataSource( 'Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0',
'Data Source="c:\book1.xls";User ID=Admin;Password=;Extended properties=Excel 5.0')...[Sheet1$]
下面是个查询的示例,它通过用于 Jet 的 OLE DB 提供程序查询 Excel 电子表格。
SELECT * 
FROM OpenDataSource ( 'Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0',
  'Data Source="c:\Finance\account.xls";User ID=Admin;Password=;Extended properties=Excel 5.0')...xactions

SELECT * 
FROM OpenDataSource ( 'Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0',
  'Data Source="D:\财务统计科目.xls";User ID=Admin;Password=;Extended properties=Excel 5.0')...vib
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

2、将Excel的数据导入SQL server :
-- ======================================================
SELECT * into newtable
FROM OpenDataSource( 'Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0',
  'Data Source="c:\book1.xls";User ID=Admin;Password=;Extended properties=Excel 5.0')...[Sheet1$]
实例:
SELECT * into newtable
FROM OpenDataSource( 'Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0',
  'Data Source="c:\Finance\account.xls";User ID=Admin;Password=;Extended properties=Excel 5.0')...xactions
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

3、将SQL SERVER中查询到的数据导成一个Excel文件
T-SQL代码:
EXEC master..xp_cmdshell 'bcp 库名.dbo.表名out c:\Temp.xls -c -q -S"servername" -U"sa" -P""'
参数:S 是SQL服务器名;U是用户;P是密码

EXEC master..xp_cmdshell 'bcp axzq.dbo.Staff out d:staff.xls -c -q -S"." -U"sa" -P"gazx"'

说明:还可以导出文本文件等多种格式
实例:EXEC master..xp_cmdshell 'bcp saletesttmp.dbo.CusAccount out c:\temp1.xls -c -q -S"pmserver" -U"sa" -P"sa"'
EXEC master..xp_cmdshell 'bcp "SELECT au_fname, au_lname FROM pubs..authors ORDER BY au_lname" queryout C:\ authors.xls -c -Sservername -Usa -Ppassword'

EXEC master..xp_cmdshell 'bcp "select name from axzq..staff order by name"  queryout d:staffName.xls -c -q -S"." -U"sa" -P"gazx"'

在VB6中应用ADO导出EXCEL文件代码: 
Dim cn  As New ADODB.Connection
cn.open "Driver={SQL Server};Server=WEBSVR;DataBase=WebMis;UID=sa;WD=123;"
cn.execute "master..xp_cmdshell 'bcp "SELECT col1, col2 FROM 库名.dbo.表名" queryout E:\DT.xls -c -Sservername -Usa -Ppassword'"
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

4、在SQL SERVER里往Excel插入数据:
-- ======================================================
insert into OpenDataSource( 'Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0',
'Data Source="c:\Temp.xls";User ID=Admin;Password=;Extended properties=Excel 5.0')...table1 (A1,A2,A3) values (1,2,3)

T-SQL代码:
INSERT INTO  
OPENDATASOURCE('Microsoft.JET.OLEDB.4.0',  
'Extended Properties=Excel 8.0;Data source=C:\training\inventur.xls')...[Filiale1$]  
(bestand, produkt) VALUES (20, 'Test')  
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

总结:利用以上语句,我们可以方便地将SQL SERVER、ACCESS和EXCEL电子表格软件中的数据进行转换,为我们提供了极大方便!
EXEC   master..xp_cmdshell   'bcp   "select OrderID,ShipName, ShipAddress, ShipCity, ShipRegion, ShipPostalCode, ShipCountry from Northwind.dbo.orders"   queryout   "d:\Oreders.txt" -t"|"    -c   -q   -S"127.0.0.1"   -U"sa"   -P""'  
SELECT  *    
  FROM  OpenDataSource('Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0','Data  Source="xxxx.xls";Extended  Properties="Excel  8.0";IMEX=1;Persist  Security  Info=False')...[a1$] 

二、SQL SERVER 和EXCEL的数据导入导出
1、在SQL SERVER里查询Excel数据:
-- ======================================================
SELECT * 
FROM OpenDataSource( 'Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0',
'Data Source="c:\book1.xls";User ID=Admin;Password=;Extended properties=Excel 5.0')...[Sheet1$]
下面是个查询的示例,它通过用于 Jet 的 OLE DB 提供程序查询 Excel 电子表格。
SELECT * 
FROM OpenDataSource ( 'Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0',
  'Data Source="c:\Finance\account.xls";User ID=Admin;Password=;Extended properties=Excel 5.0')...xactions

SELECT * 
FROM OpenDataSource ( 'Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0',
  'Data Source="d:\staff.xls";User ID=Admin;Password=;Extended properties=Excel 5.0')...staff
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

2、将Excel的数据导入SQL server :
-- ======================================================
SELECT * into newtable
FROM OpenDataSource( 'Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.12.0',
  'Data Source="c:\book1.xls";User ID=Admin;Password=;Extended properties=Excel 5.0')...[Sheet1$]
实例:
SELECT * into newtable
FROM OpenDataSource( 'Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.12.0',
  'Data Source="c:\Finance\account.xls";User ID=Admin;Password=;Extended properties=Excel 5.0')...xactions
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

3、将SQL SERVER中查询到的数据导成一个Excel文件
-- ======================================================
T-SQL代码:
EXEC master..xp_cmdshell 'bcp 库名.dbo.表名out c:\Temp.xls -c -q -S"servername" -U"sa" -P""'
参数:S 是SQL服务器名;U是用户;P是密码
说明:还可以导出文本文件等多种格式
实例:EXEC master..xp_cmdshell 'bcp saletesttmp.dbo.CusAccount out c:\temp1.xls -c -q -S"pmserver" -U"sa" -P"sa"'
EXEC master..xp_cmdshell 'bcp "SELECT au_fname, au_lname FROM pubs..authors ORDER BY au_lname" queryout C:\ authors.xls -c -Sservername -Usa -Ppassword'
在VB6中应用ADO导出EXCEL文件代码: 
Dim cn  As New ADODB.Connection
cn.open "Driver={SQL Server};Server=WEBSVR;DataBase=WebMis;UID=sa;WD=123;"
cn.execute "master..xp_cmdshell 'bcp "SELECT col1, col2 FROM 库名.dbo.表名" queryout E:\DT.xls -c -Sservername -Usa -Ppassword'"
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

4、在SQL SERVER里往Excel插入数据:
-- ======================================================
insert into OpenDataSource( 'Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0',
'Data Source="c:\Temp.xls";User ID=Admin;Password=;Extended properties=Excel 5.0')...table1 (A1,A2,A3) values (1,2,3)

T-SQL代码:
INSERT INTO  
OPENDATASOURCE('Microsoft.JET.OLEDB.4.0',  
'Extended Properties=Excel 8.0;Data source=C:\training\inventur.xls')...[Filiale1$]  
(bestand, produkt) VALUES (20, 'Test')  



--开启xp_cmdshell
--SQL Server blocked access to procedure 'xp_cmdshell'
sp_configure 'show advanced options', 1
go
reconfigure
go
sp_configure 'xp_cmdshell', 1
go
reconfigure
go

--开启sp_OACreate
--SQL Server blocked access to procedure 'sys.sp_OACreate'
sp_configure 'show advanced options', 1;
go
reconfigure;
go
sp_configure 'ole automation procedures', 1;
go
reconfigure;
go


sp_configure 'Ad Hoc Distributed Queries',1;
go
reconfigure
go




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