数据结构-双向链表插入

分为正向序号插入数值和逆向序号插入数值

正向code:

 #include<iostream>
 #include<stdlib.h>
 using namespace std;
 
 typedef struct Dulnode
 {
 	int data;
 	struct Dulnode *prior,*next;
 }DulNode;
 
 DulNode *Input(int n)
 {
 	DulNode *head,*p,*q;
 	head=p=(DulNode*)malloc(sizeof(DulNode));
 	p->next=head;
 	head->prior=p;
 	
 	for(int i=0;i<n;i++)
 	{
 		int data;
 		cin>>data;
 		q=(DulNode*)malloc(sizeof(DulNode));
 		q->data=data;
 		q->next=p->next;
 		q->prior=p;
 		p->next=q;
 		head->prior=q;
 		p=q;
 	}
 	return head;
 }
 
 void ShowPos(DulNode *L)
 {
 	DulNode *p;
 	p=L->next;
 	while(p!=L)
 	{
 		cout<<p->data<<" ";
 		p=p->next;
 	}
 	cout<<endl;
 }
 
 int InsertPos(DulNode *L,int id,int num)
 {
 	DulNode *p,*s;
 	p=L;
 	int mark=1;
 	int pos=0;
 	while(p!=L||mark)
 	{
 		if(pos==id-1)
 		{
 			s=(DulNode*)malloc(sizeof(DulNode));
		 	s->data=num;
		 	s->next=p->next;
		 	p->next->prior=s;
		 	p->next=s;
		 	s->prior=p;
		 	return 1;
 		}
 		p=p->next;
 		pos++;
 		mark=0;
 	}
 	if(pos!=id) return 0;
 }
 
int main()
{
	int n;
	while(cin>>n)
	{
		DulNode *head=Input(n);
		cout<<"正向遍历:";
		ShowPos(head);
		while(1)
		{
			int id,num;
			cout<<"输入插入的序号:";
			cin>>id;
			cout<<"输入插入的数据:";
			cin>>num;
			if(InsertPos(head,id,num))
			{
				cout<<"正向序号:";
				ShowPos(head);
				//cout<<"逆向序号:";
				//InsertNeg(head,id,num);
				//ShowPos(head); 
			}
			else cout<<"序号无效"<<endl; 
		} 
	} 
	return 0;
} 

逆向code:

 #include<iostream>
 #include<stdlib.h>
 using namespace std;
 
 typedef struct Dulnode
 {
 	int data;
 	struct Dulnode *prior,*next;
 }DulNode;
 
 DulNode *Input(int n)
 {
 	DulNode *head,*p,*q;
 	head=p=(DulNode*)malloc(sizeof(DulNode));
 	p->next=head;
 	head->prior=p;
 	
 	for(int i=0;i<n;i++)
 	{
 		int data;
 		cin>>data;
 		q=(DulNode*)malloc(sizeof(DulNode));
 		q->data=data;
 		q->next=p->next;
 		q->prior=p;
 		p->next=q;
 		head->prior=q;
 		p=q;
 	}
 	return head;
 }
 
 void ShowNeg(DulNode *L)
 {
 	DulNode *p;
 	p=L->prior;
 	while(p!=L)
 	{
 		cout<<p->data<<" ";
 		p=p->prior;
 	}
 	cout<<endl;
 }
 
 void ShowPos(DulNode *L)
 {
 	DulNode *p;
 	p=L->next;
 	while(p!=L)
 	{
 		cout<<p->data<<" ";
 		p=p->next;
 	}
 	cout<<endl;
 }
 
 int InsertNeg(DulNode *L,int id,int num)
 {
 	DulNode *p,*s;
 	p=L;
 	int mark=1;
 	int pos=0;
 	while(p!=L||mark)
 	{
 		if(pos==id-1)
 		{
 			s=(DulNode*)malloc(sizeof(DulNode));
		 	s->data=num;
		 	s->next=p->next;
		 	p->next->prior=s;
		 	p->next=s;
		 	s->prior=p;
		 	return 1;
 		}
 		p=p->prior;
 		pos++;
 		mark=0;
 	}
 	if(pos!=id) return 0;
 }
 
int main()
{
	int n;
	while(cin>>n)
	{
		DulNode *head=Input(n);
		cout<<"逆向遍历:";
		ShowNeg(head);
		while(1)
		{
			int id,num;
			cout<<"输入插入的序号:";
			cin>>id;
			cout<<"输入插入的数据:";
			cin>>num;
			if(InsertNeg(head,id,num))
			{
				cout<<"逆向序号:";
				ShowPos(head);
			}
			else cout<<"序号无效"<<endl; 
		} 
	} 
	return 0;
} 



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