EasyExcel(根据条件动态合并单元格的重复数据))

注:本文判断单元格数据重复是通过当前单元格和上一行同列的单元格数据是否相同(官方地址

1.第一列单元格如果数据相同,并且当前单元格与上一行同列的单元格数据相同时,合并当前单元格和上一行同列的单元格

*依赖*

项目结构
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 <dependency>
            <groupId>com.alibaba</groupId>
            <artifactId>easyexcel</artifactId>
            <version>2.1.6</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.projectlombok</groupId>
            <artifactId>lombok</artifactId>
            <version>1.16.10</version>
            <scope>provided</scope>
        </dependency>

javabean(easyExcel通过实体类封装并且作为表头)

package com.example.demo.bean;

import com.alibaba.excel.annotation.ExcelIgnore;
import com.alibaba.excel.annotation.ExcelProperty;
import com.alibaba.excel.annotation.write.style.ColumnWidth;
import com.alibaba.excel.annotation.write.style.ContentRowHeight;
import com.alibaba.excel.annotation.write.style.HeadRowHeight;
import lombok.Data;

import java.util.Date;

@Data
//手动配置列行高
@ContentRowHeight(20)
@HeadRowHeight(20)
@ColumnWidth(20)
public class DemoData {
    @ExcelProperty("字符串标题")
    private String string;
    @ExcelProperty("日期标题")
    private Date date;
   // @ColumnWidth(70)  当前列的宽度
    @ExcelProperty("数字标题")
    private Double doubleData;
    /**
     * 忽略这个字段
     */
    @ExcelIgnore
    private String ignore;
}

Controller

package com.example.demo.controller;

import com.alibaba.excel.EasyExcel;
import com.alibaba.excel.support.ExcelTypeEnum;
import com.example.demo.bean.DemoData;
import com.example.demo.utiles.ExcelFillCellMergeStrategy;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Controller;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMethod;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.ResponseBody;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;
import java.io.BufferedOutputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.net.URLEncoder;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Date;
import java.util.List;


@Controller
@RequestMapping("ExcelController")
@ResponseBody
public class ExcelController {

    @RequestMapping(value = "getEXcel", method = RequestMethod.POST)
    public void getEXcel( HttpServletResponse response) throws IOException {
        //获取数据源
        List<DemoData> data = data();
        //设置输入流,设置响应域
        response.setContentType("application/ms-excel");
        response.setCharacterEncoding("utf-8");
         String  fileName = URLEncoder.encode("ceshi.xlsx","utf-8");
        response.setHeader("Content-disposition","attachment;filename="+fileName);
        //需要合并的列
        int[] mergeColumeIndex = {0, 1, 2};
        //需要从第一行开始,列头第一行
        int mergeRowIndex = 1;
        EasyExcel//将数据映射到DownloadDTO实体类并响应到浏览器
                .write(new BufferedOutputStream(response.getOutputStream()), DemoData.class)
                //07的excel版本,节省内存
                .excelType(ExcelTypeEnum.XLSX)
                //是否自动关闭输入流
                .autoCloseStream(Boolean.TRUE)
                .registerWriteHandler(new ExcelFillCellMergeStrategy(mergeRowIndex, mergeColumeIndex))
//               // 自定义列宽度,有数字会
//                .registerWriteHandler(new LongestMatchColumnWidthStyleStrategy())
                //设置excel保护密码
//                .password("123456")
                .sheet().doWrite(data);
    }
    //获取数据的地方
    private static List<DemoData> data() {
        List<DemoData> list = new ArrayList<DemoData>();
        for (int i = 0; i < 10; i++) {
            DemoData data = new DemoData();
            data.setString("字符串" + i);
            data.setDate(new Date());
            data.setDoubleData(0.56);
            list.add(data);
        }
        return list;
    }
}

合并的工具类( )

package com.example.demo.utiles;

import com.alibaba.excel.metadata.CellData;
import com.alibaba.excel.metadata.Head;
import com.alibaba.excel.write.handler.CellWriteHandler;
import com.alibaba.excel.write.metadata.holder.WriteSheetHolder;
import com.alibaba.excel.write.metadata.holder.WriteTableHolder;
import lombok.Data;
import org.apache.poi.ss.usermodel.Cell;
import org.apache.poi.ss.usermodel.CellType;
import org.apache.poi.ss.usermodel.Row;
import org.apache.poi.ss.usermodel.Sheet;
import org.apache.poi.ss.util.CellRangeAddress;

import java.util.List;

@Data
public class ExcelFillCellMergeStrategy implements CellWriteHandler {
    private int[] mergeColumnIndex;
    private int mergeRowIndex;

    public ExcelFillCellMergeStrategy() {
    }

    public ExcelFillCellMergeStrategy(int mergeRowIndex, int[] mergeColumnIndex) {
        this.mergeRowIndex = mergeRowIndex;
        this.mergeColumnIndex = mergeColumnIndex;
    }

    @Override
    public void beforeCellCreate(WriteSheetHolder writeSheetHolder, WriteTableHolder writeTableHolder, Row row, Head head, Integer columnIndex, Integer relativeRowIndex, Boolean isHead) {

    }

    @Override
    public void afterCellCreate(WriteSheetHolder writeSheetHolder, WriteTableHolder writeTableHolder, Cell cell, Head head, Integer relativeRowIndex, Boolean isHead) {

    }

    @Override
    public void afterCellDispose(WriteSheetHolder writeSheetHolder, WriteTableHolder writeTableHolder, List<CellData> list, Cell cell, Head head, Integer integer, Boolean aBoolean) {
       //当前行
        int curRowIndex = cell.getRowIndex();
        //当前列
        int curColIndex = cell.getColumnIndex();

        if (curRowIndex > mergeRowIndex) {
            for (int i = 0; i < mergeColumnIndex.length; i++) {
                if (curColIndex == mergeColumnIndex[i]) {
                    mergeWithPrevRow(writeSheetHolder, cell, curRowIndex, curColIndex);
                    break;
                }
            }
        }
    }

    /**
     * 当前单元格向上合并
     *
     * @param writeSheetHolder
     * @param cell             当前单元格
     * @param curRowIndex      当前行
     * @param curColIndex      当前列
     */
    private void mergeWithPrevRow(WriteSheetHolder writeSheetHolder, Cell cell, int curRowIndex, int curColIndex) {
        //获取当前行的第一列的数据和上一行的第一列数据,通过第一行数据是否相同进行合并
//        Cell preCell_now = cell.getSheet().getRow(curRowIndex ).getCell(curColIndex);
//        Object curData = preCell_now.getCellTypeEnum() == CellType.STRING ? preCell_now.getStringCellValue() : preCell_now.getNumericCellValue();
//        Cell preCell = cell.getSheet().getRow(curRowIndex - 1).getCell(curColIndex - 1);
  //      Object preData = preCell.getCellTypeEnum() == CellType.STRING ? preCell.getStringCellValue() : preCell.getNumericCellValue();
        //获取当前行的当前列的数据和上一行的当前列列数据,通过上一行数据是否相同进行合并
        Object curData = cell.getCellTypeEnum() == CellType.STRING ? cell.getStringCellValue() : cell.getNumericCellValue();
        Cell preCell = cell.getSheet().getRow(curRowIndex - 1).getCell(curColIndex);
        Object preData = preCell.getCellTypeEnum() == CellType.STRING ? preCell.getStringCellValue() : preCell.getNumericCellValue();

        // 比较当前行的第一列的单元格与上一行是否相同,相同合并当前单元格与上一行
        //
        if (curData.equals(preData)) {
            Sheet sheet = writeSheetHolder.getSheet();
            List<CellRangeAddress> mergeRegions = sheet.getMergedRegions();
            boolean isMerged = false;
            for (int i = 0; i < mergeRegions.size() && !isMerged; i++) {
                CellRangeAddress cellRangeAddr = mergeRegions.get(i);
                // 若上一个单元格已经被合并,则先移出原有的合并单元,再重新添加合并单元
                if (cellRangeAddr.isInRange(curRowIndex - 1, curColIndex)) {
                    sheet.removeMergedRegion(i);
                    cellRangeAddr.setLastRow(curRowIndex);
                    sheet.addMergedRegion(cellRangeAddr);
                    isMerged = true;
                }
            }
            // 若上一个单元格未被合并,则新增合并单元
            if (!isMerged) {
                CellRangeAddress cellRangeAddress = new CellRangeAddress(curRowIndex - 1, curRowIndex, curColIndex, curColIndex);
                sheet.addMergedRegion(cellRangeAddress);
            }
        }
    }
}

如果需要修改合并的列,请修改这里
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测试方法

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2.如果只需要合并当前列的数据,请注释掉这些代码判断,下面上效果图,由于我设置合并的当前列设置了0,1,2所以全部合并掉了

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