fopen和fopen_s

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fopen和fopen_s

注:编译环境win+VS2017+opencv-3.3.0

  • 人脸检测
  • OpenCV
  • fopen
  • fopen_s

在学习opencv-3.3.0-samples里面的示例程序facedetect.cpp时,遇到fopen函数报错,更换为更为安全的fopen_s,学习记录如下:

fopen替换为fopen_s

原程序124、125行

FILE* f = fopen( inputName.c_str(), "rt" );
if( f )

改动为

/***************改动如下****************/
// FILE* f = fopen( inputName.c_str(), "rt" );
FILE* f; 
errno_t err;
err = fopen_s(&f, inputName.c_str(), "rt");
if (err == 1)  //即if(err == NULL)//如果失败
{
    printf("ERROR!");
    return 1;
}   
//if( f )
else
/***************改动如上****************/

除此之外
注意haarcascades相对路径存放在
“../../data/haarcascades/haarcascade_frontalface_alt.xml\” “../../data/haarcascades/haarcascade_eye_tree_eyeglasses.xml\”

完整程序

#include "opencv2/objdetect.hpp"
#include "opencv2/highgui.hpp"
#include "opencv2/imgproc.hpp"
#include <iostream>

using namespace std;
using namespace cv;

static void help()
{
    cout << "\nThis program demonstrates the cascade recognizer. Now you can use Haar or LBP features.\n"
            "This classifier can recognize many kinds of rigid objects, once the appropriate classifier is trained.\n"
            "It's most known use is for faces.\n"
            "Usage:\n"
            "./facedetect [--cascade=<cascade_path> this is the primary trained classifier such as frontal face]\n"
               "   [--nested-cascade[=nested_cascade_path this an optional secondary classifier such as eyes]]\n"
               "   [--scale=<image scale greater or equal to 1, try 1.3 for example>]\n"
               "   [--try-flip]\n"
               "   [filename|camera_index]\n\n"
            "see facedetect.cmd for one call:\n"
            "./facedetect --cascade=\"../../data/haarcascades/haarcascade_frontalface_alt.xml\" --nested-cascade=\"../../data/haarcascades/haarcascade_eye_tree_eyeglasses.xml\" --scale=1.3\n\n"
            "During execution:\n\tHit any key to quit.\n"
            "\tUsing OpenCV version " << CV_VERSION << "\n" << endl;
}

void detectAndDraw( Mat& img, CascadeClassifier& cascade,
                    CascadeClassifier& nestedCascade,
                    double scale, bool tryflip );

string cascadeName;
string nestedCascadeName;

int main( int argc, const char** argv )
{
    VideoCapture capture;
    Mat frame, image;
    string inputName;
    bool tryflip;
    CascadeClassifier cascade, nestedCascade;
    double scale;

    cv::CommandLineParser parser(argc, argv,
        "{help h||}"
        "{cascade|../../data/haarcascades/haarcascade_frontalface_alt.xml|}"
        "{nested-cascade|../../data/haarcascades/haarcascade_eye_tree_eyeglasses.xml|}"
        "{scale|1|}{try-flip||}{@filename||}"
    );
    if (parser.has("help"))
    {
        help();
        return 0;
    }
    cascadeName = parser.get<string>("cascade");
    nestedCascadeName = parser.get<string>("nested-cascade");
    scale = parser.get<double>("scale");
    if (scale < 1)
        scale = 1;
    tryflip = parser.has("try-flip");
    inputName = parser.get<string>("@filename");
    if (!parser.check())
    {
        parser.printErrors();
        return 0;
    }
    if ( !nestedCascade.load( nestedCascadeName ) )
        cerr << "WARNING: Could not load classifier cascade for nested objects" << endl;
    if( !cascade.load( cascadeName ) )
    {
        cerr << "ERROR: Could not load classifier cascade" << endl;
        help();
        return -1;
    }
    if( inputName.empty() || (isdigit(inputName[0]) && inputName.size() == 1) )
    {
        int camera = inputName.empty() ? 0 : inputName[0] - '0';
        if(!capture.open(camera))
            cout << "Capture from camera #" <<  camera << " didn't work" << endl;
    }
    else if( inputName.size() )
    {
        image = imread( inputName, 1 );
        if( image.empty() )
        {
            if(!capture.open( inputName ))
                cout << "Could not read " << inputName << endl;
        }
    }
    else
    {
        image = imread( "../data/lena.jpg", 1 );
        if(image.empty()) cout << "Couldn't read ../data/lena.jpg" << endl;
    }

    if( capture.isOpened() )
    {
        cout << "Video capturing has been started ..." << endl;

        for(;;)
        {
            capture >> frame;
            if( frame.empty() )
                break;

            Mat frame1 = frame.clone();
            detectAndDraw( frame1, cascade, nestedCascade, scale, tryflip );

            char c = (char)waitKey(10);
            if( c == 27 || c == 'q' || c == 'Q' )
                break;
        }
    }
    else
    {
        cout << "Detecting face(s) in " << inputName << endl;
        if( !image.empty() )
        {
            detectAndDraw( image, cascade, nestedCascade, scale, tryflip );
            waitKey(0);
        }
        else if( !inputName.empty() )
        {
            /* assume it is a text file containing the
            list of the image filenames to be processed - one per line */
            /*************************************改动如下***********************************/
           // FILE* f = fopen( inputName.c_str(), "rt" );
            FILE* f; 
            errno_t err;
            err = fopen_s(&f, inputName.c_str(), "rt");
            if (err == 1)  //即if(err == NULL)//如果失败
            {
                printf("ERROR!");
                return 1;
            }   
            //if( f )
            else
            /*************************************改动如上***********************************/
            {
                char buf[1000+1];
                while( fgets( buf, 1000, f ) )
                {
                    int len = (int)strlen(buf);
                    while( len > 0 && isspace(buf[len-1]) )
                        len--;
                    buf[len] = '\0';
                    cout << "file " << buf << endl;
                    image = imread( buf, 1 );
                    if( !image.empty() )
                    {
                        detectAndDraw( image, cascade, nestedCascade, scale, tryflip );
                        char c = (char)waitKey(0);
                        if( c == 27 || c == 'q' || c == 'Q' )
                            break;
                    }
                    else
                    {
                        cerr << "Aw snap, couldn't read image " << buf << endl;
                    }
                }
                fclose(f);
            }
        }
    }

    return 0;
}

void detectAndDraw( Mat& img, CascadeClassifier& cascade,
                    CascadeClassifier& nestedCascade,
                    double scale, bool tryflip )
{
    double t = 0;
    vector<Rect> faces, faces2;
    const static Scalar colors[] =
    {
        Scalar(255,0,0),
        Scalar(255,128,0),
        Scalar(255,255,0),
        Scalar(0,255,0),
        Scalar(0,128,255),
        Scalar(0,255,255),
        Scalar(0,0,255),
        Scalar(255,0,255)
    };
    Mat gray, smallImg;

    cvtColor( img, gray, COLOR_BGR2GRAY );
    double fx = 1 / scale;
    resize( gray, smallImg, Size(), fx, fx, INTER_LINEAR );
    equalizeHist( smallImg, smallImg );

    t = (double)getTickCount();
    cascade.detectMultiScale( smallImg, faces,
        1.1, 2, 0
        //|CASCADE_FIND_BIGGEST_OBJECT
        //|CASCADE_DO_ROUGH_SEARCH
        |CASCADE_SCALE_IMAGE,
        Size(30, 30) );
    if( tryflip )
    {
        flip(smallImg, smallImg, 1);
        cascade.detectMultiScale( smallImg, faces2,
                                 1.1, 2, 0
                                 //|CASCADE_FIND_BIGGEST_OBJECT
                                 //|CASCADE_DO_ROUGH_SEARCH
                                 |CASCADE_SCALE_IMAGE,
                                 Size(30, 30) );
        for( vector<Rect>::const_iterator r = faces2.begin(); r != faces2.end(); ++r )
        {
            faces.push_back(Rect(smallImg.cols - r->x - r->width, r->y, r->width, r->height));
        }
    }
    t = (double)getTickCount() - t;
    printf( "detection time = %g ms\n", t*1000/getTickFrequency());
    for ( size_t i = 0; i < faces.size(); i++ )
    {
        Rect r = faces[i];
        Mat smallImgROI;
        vector<Rect> nestedObjects;
        Point center;
        Scalar color = colors[i%8];
        int radius;

        double aspect_ratio = (double)r.width/r.height;
        if( 0.75 < aspect_ratio && aspect_ratio < 1.3 )
        {
            center.x = cvRound((r.x + r.width*0.5)*scale);
            center.y = cvRound((r.y + r.height*0.5)*scale);
            radius = cvRound((r.width + r.height)*0.25*scale);
            circle( img, center, radius, color, 3, 8, 0 );
        }
        else
            rectangle( img, cvPoint(cvRound(r.x*scale), cvRound(r.y*scale)),
                       cvPoint(cvRound((r.x + r.width-1)*scale), cvRound((r.y + r.height-1)*scale)),
                       color, 3, 8, 0);
        if( nestedCascade.empty() )
            continue;
        smallImgROI = smallImg( r );
        nestedCascade.detectMultiScale( smallImgROI, nestedObjects,
            1.1, 2, 0
            //|CASCADE_FIND_BIGGEST_OBJECT
            //|CASCADE_DO_ROUGH_SEARCH
            //|CASCADE_DO_CANNY_PRUNING
            |CASCADE_SCALE_IMAGE,
            Size(30, 30) );
        for ( size_t j = 0; j < nestedObjects.size(); j++ )
        {
            Rect nr = nestedObjects[j];
            center.x = cvRound((r.x + nr.x + nr.width*0.5)*scale);
            center.y = cvRound((r.y + nr.y + nr.height*0.5)*scale);
            radius = cvRound((nr.width + nr.height)*0.25*scale);
            circle( img, center, radius, color, 3, 8, 0 );
        }
    }
    imshow( "result", img );
}
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