2016 ICPC 大连 C Game of Taking Stones 【威佐夫博弈+大数+高精度】

版权声明:喜欢就拿去用,不过要记得注明出处哦:) https://blog.csdn.net/Young_12138/article/details/71074765

HDU 5973

Problem Description
Two people face two piles of stones and make a game. They take turns to take stones. As game rules, there are two different methods of taking stones: One scheme is that you can take any number of stones in any one pile while the alternative is to take the same amount of stones at the same time in two piles. In the end, the first person taking all the stones is winner.Now,giving the initial number of two stones, can you win this game if you are the first to take stones and both sides have taken the best strategy?
 

Input
Input contains multiple sets of test data.Each test data occupies one line,containing two non-negative integers a andb,representing the number of two stones.a and b are not more than 10^100.
 

Output
For each test data,output answer on one line.1 means you are the winner,otherwise output 0.
 

Sample Input
2 1 8 4 4 7
 

Sample Output
0 1 0
 

Source


题意:全裸的威佐夫博弈,但是输入的两个数长度长达100位

思路:

威佐夫博弈:a为a、b中较小的数,先手是否会赢    ----->   (sqrt(5)+1)/2*(b-a)==a? lose:win

而对于该题,数据范围是10的100次方,还有小数乘法    ----> 黄金分割率需要精确到小数点后100位    ----> 通过二分求解。

AC代码:

import java.math.BigInteger;
import java.math.BigDecimal;
import java.util.*;

public class Main {
	public static void main(String[] args)
	{
		Scanner scanner = new Scanner(System.in);
		BigDecimal TWO = BigDecimal.valueOf(2);
		BigDecimal FIVE = BigDecimal.valueOf(5);
		
		BigDecimal EPS = new BigDecimal("-0.000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000001");
		
		BigDecimal L = new BigDecimal("2.2360679774997");
		BigDecimal R = new BigDecimal("2.2360679774998");
		BigDecimal mid = null;
		
		while(L.subtract(R).compareTo(EPS) < 0)
		{
			mid = L.add(R).divide(TWO);
			if(mid.multiply(mid).subtract(FIVE).abs().compareTo(EPS.abs()) < 0)
				break;
			if(mid.multiply(mid).subtract(FIVE).compareTo(EPS) < 0)
				L = mid;
			else
				R = mid;
		}
		
		BigDecimal GOLD = mid.add(BigDecimal.ONE).divide(TWO);
		//System.out.println(GOLD);
		
		while(scanner.hasNext())
		{
			BigDecimal a = scanner.nextBigDecimal();
			BigDecimal b = scanner.nextBigDecimal();
			if(a.compareTo(b) > 0) //保证a是小的
			{
				BigDecimal t = a;
				a = b;
				b = t;
			}
			BigDecimal c = b.subtract(a).multiply(GOLD);
			
			BigInteger aa = a.toBigInteger();
			BigInteger cc = c.toBigInteger();
			if(aa.equals(cc))
				System.out.println("0");
			else 
				System.out.println("1");
		}
	}
}

阅读更多
换一批

没有更多推荐了,返回首页