Sql Server字符串拆分(Split)方法汇总

–方法0:动态SQL法
declare @s varchar(100),@sql varchar(1000)
set @s=‘1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10’
set @sql=‘select col=’’’+ replace(@s,’,’,’’’ union all select ‘’’)+’’’’
PRINT @sql
exec (@sql)

–方法1:循环截取法
if exists (select * from dbo.sysobjects where id = object_id(N’[dbo].[f_splitSTR]’) and xtype in (N’FN’, N’IF’, N’TF’))
drop function [dbo].[f_splitSTR]
GO
CREATE FUNCTION f_splitSTR(
@s varchar(8000), --待分拆的字符串
@split varchar(10) --数据分隔符
)RETURNS @re TABLE(col varchar(100))
AS
BEGIN
DECLARE @splitlen int
SET @splitlen=LEN(@split+‘a’)-2
WHILE CHARINDEX(@split,@s)>0
BEGIN
INSERT @re VALUES(LEFT(@s,CHARINDEX(@split,@s)-1))
SET @s=STUFF(@s,1,CHARINDEX(@split,@s)+@splitlen,’’)
END
INSERT @re VALUES(@s)
RETURN
END
GO

–方法2:使用临时性分拆辅助表法
if exists (select * from dbo.sysobjects where id = object_id(N’[dbo].[f_splitSTR]’) and xtype in (N’FN’, N’IF’, N’TF’))
drop function [dbo].[f_splitSTR]
GO
CREATE FUNCTION f_splitSTR(
@s varchar(8000), --待分拆的字符串
@split varchar(10) --数据分隔符
)RETURNS @re TABLE(col varchar(100))
AS
BEGIN
–创建分拆处理的辅助表(用户定义函数中只能操作表变量)
DECLARE @t TABLE(ID int IDENTITY,b bit)
INSERT @t(b) SELECT TOP 8000 0 FROM syscolumns a,syscolumns b
INSERT @re SELECT SUBSTRING(@s,ID,CHARINDEX(@split,@s+@split,ID)-ID)
FROM @t
WHERE ID<=LEN(@s+‘a’)
AND CHARINDEX(@split,@split+@s,ID)=ID
RETURN
END
GO

–方法3:使用永久性分拆辅助表法
if exists (select * from dbo.sysobjects where id = object_id(N’[dbo].[f_splitSTR]’) and xtype in (N’FN’, N’IF’, N’TF’))
drop function [dbo].[f_splitSTR]
GO
if exists (select * from dbo.sysobjects where id = object_id(N’[dbo].[tb_splitSTR]’) and objectproperty(id,N’IsUserTable’)=1)
drop table [dbo].[tb_splitSTR]
GO

–字符串分拆辅助表
SELECT TOP 8000 ID=IDENTITY(int,1,1) INTO dbo.tb_splitSTR
FROM syscolumns a,syscolumns b
GO
–字符串分拆处理函数
CREATE FUNCTION f_splitSTR(
@s varchar(8000), --待分拆的字符串
@split varchar(10) --数据分隔符
)RETURNS TABLE
AS
RETURN(
SELECT col=CAST(SUBSTRING(@s,ID,CHARINDEX(@split,@s+@split,ID)-ID) as varchar(100))
FROM tb_splitSTR
WHERE ID<=LEN(@s+‘a’)
AND CHARINDEX(@split,@split+@s,ID)=ID)
GO

–方法4:循环字符串分割
create FUNCTION [dbo].[Fun_SplitStr]
(
@originalStr VARCHAR(8000), --要分割的字符串
@split varchar(100) --分隔符号
)
RETURNS @temp TABLE(Result VARCHAR(100))
AS
BEGIN
DECLARE @result AS VARCHAR(100); --定义变量用于接收单个结果
SET @originalStr = @originalStr + @split ;
WHILE (@originalStr <> ‘’)
BEGIN
SET @result = LEFT(@originalStr, CHARINDEX(@split, @originalStr, 1) -1) ;
INSERT @temp VALUES(@result) ;
–STUFF()函数用于删除指定长度的字符,并可以在指定的起点处插入另一组字符。
SET @originalStr = STUFF(@originalStr, 1, CHARINDEX(@split, @originalStr, 1), ‘’);
END
RETURN
END

–方法5:利用sql server2005的OUTER APPLY
CREATE FUNCTION [dbo].[ufn_SplitStringToTable]
(
@str VARCHAR(MAX) ,
@split VARCHAR(10)
)
RETURNS TABLE
AS
RETURN
(SELECT B.id FROM ( SELECT [value] = CONVERT(XML ,’’ + REPLACE(@str,@split,’’) + ‘’)) A
OUTER APPLY ( SELECT id = N.v.value(’.’ , ‘varchar(100)’) FROM A.[value].nodes(’/v’) N ( v )) B
)

–注:方法5必须在sql server2005下才可以运行

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