阿里RocketMQ Quick Start

版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,未经博主允许不得转载。 https://blog.csdn.net/a19881029/article/details/34446629

RocketMQ单机支持1万以上的持久化队列,前提是足够的内存、硬盘空间,过期数据数据删除(RocketMQ中的消息队列长度不是无限的,只是足够大的内存+数据定时删除)

RocketMQ版本:3.1.4

 

一,部署NameServer:

1,安装JDK并设置JAVA_HOME环境变量(启动脚本依赖JAVA_HOME环境变量)

2,cd /alibaba-rocketmq/bin进入RocketMQ的bin目录

2,调用nohup sh mqnamesrv &启动NameServer

报错如下:

: command not found
: command not found
mqnamesrv: line 35: syntax error: unexpected end of file

在bin目录下调用dos2unix *将所有文件转化为unix格式,再次调用nohup sh mqnamesrv &

报错如下:

/home/hadoop/alibaba-rocketmq
Invalid initial heap size: -Xms4g
The specified size exceeds the maximum representable size.
Could not create the Java virtual machine.

由于安装的JDK版本为32位,4g超过了JDK所支持的最大内存,不过32位JDK也无法发挥出RocketMQ的优势,换成64位JDK

这次启动成功

[hadoop@hadoop bin]$ nohup sh mqnamesrv &
[1] 17676
[hadoop@hadoop bin]$ nohup: appending output to “nohup.out”

[hadoop@hadoop bin]$ cat nohup.out 
The Name Server boot success.
[hadoop@hadoop bin]$ jps
17682 NamesrvStartup
17800 Jps

NameServer监听端口:9876

nettyServerConfig.setListenPort(9876);

如果服务器内存不够,可以修改runserver.sh脚本(mqnamesrv文件中通过runserver.sh脚本调用Name Server的主函数com.alibaba.rocketmq.namesrv.NamesrvStartup启动Name Server)中的JAVA_OPT_1参数

JAVA_OPT_1="-server -Xms4g -Xmx4g -Xmn2g -XX:PermSize=128m -XX:MaxPermSize=320m"

二,部署Broker:消息中转角色,负责存储消息,转发消息

Broker集群有多种配置方式:

1,单Master

    优点:除了配置简单没什么优点

    缺点:不可靠,该机器重启或宕机,将导致整个服务不可用

2,多Master

    优点:配置简单,性能最高

    缺点:可能会有少量消息丢失(配置相关),单台机器重启或宕机期间,该机器下未被消费的消息在机器恢复前不可订阅,影响消息实时性

3,多Master多Slave,每个Master配一个Slave,有多对Master-Slave,集群采用异步复制方式,主备有短暂消息延迟,毫秒级

    优点:性能同多Master几乎一样,实时性高,主备间切换对应用透明,不需人工干预

    缺点:Master宕机或磁盘损坏时会有少量消息丢失

4,多Master多Slave,每个Master配一个Slave,有多对Master-Slave,集群采用同步双写方式,主备都写成功,向应用返回成功

    优点:服务可用性与数据可用性非常高

    缺点:性能比异步集群略低,当前版本主宕备不能自动切换为主

Master和Slave的配置文件参考conf目录下的配置文件

Master与Slave通过指定相同的brokerName参数来配对,Master的BrokerId必须是0,Slave的BrokerId必须是大于0的数

一个Master下面可以挂载多个Slave,同一Master下的多个Slave通过指定不同的BrokerId来区分

部署一Master一Slave,集群采用异步复制方式:

Master:

[hadoop@hadoop bin]$ nohup sh mqbroker -n "192.168.58.163:9876" -c ../conf/2m-2s-async/broker-a.properties &
[2] 25493
[hadoop@hadoop bin]$ nohup: appending output to “nohup.out”

[hadoop@hadoop bin]$ cat nohup.out 
load config properties file OK, ../conf/2m-2s-async/broker-a.properties
The broker[broker-a, 192.168.58.163:10911] boot success. and name server is 192.168.58.163:9876
[hadoop@hadoop bin]$ jps
25500 BrokerStartup
25545 Jps
17682 NamesrvStartup

Slave:

[hadoop@hadoop bin]$ nohup sh mqbroker -n "192.168.58.163:9876" -c ../conf/2m-2s-async/broker-a-s.properties &
[1] 1974
[hadoop@hadoop bin]$ nohup: appending output to “nohup.out”

[hadoop@hadoop bin]$ cat nohup.out 
load config properties file OK, ../conf/2m-2s-async/broker-a-s.properties
The broker[broker-a, 192.168.58.164:10911] boot success. and name server is 192.168.58.163:9876
[hadoop@hadoop bin]$ jps
2071 Jps
1981 BrokerStartup

Broker监听端口:10911

nettyServerConfig.setListenPort(10911);

如果服务器内存不够,可以修改runbroker.sh脚本(mqbroker文件中通过runbroker.sh脚本调用Broker的主函数com.alibaba.rocketmq.broker.BrokerStartup启动Broker)的JAVA_OPT_1参数

JAVA_OPT_1="-server -Xms4g -Xmx4g -Xmn2g -XX:PermSize=128m -XX:MaxPermSize=320m"


三,Producer

必须要设置Name Server地址

package com.sean;

import com.alibaba.rocketmq.client.producer.DefaultMQProducer;
import com.alibaba.rocketmq.client.producer.SendResult;
import com.alibaba.rocketmq.common.message.Message;

public class Producer {
	public static void main(String[] args){
		DefaultMQProducer producer = new DefaultMQProducer("Producer");
		producer.setNamesrvAddr("192.168.58.163:9876"); 
		try {
			producer.start();
			
			Message msg = new Message("PushTopic", 
					"push", 
					"1", 
					"Just for test.".getBytes());
			
			SendResult result = producer.send(msg);
			System.out.println("id:" + result.getMsgId() +
					" result:" + result.getSendStatus());
			
			msg = new Message("PushTopic", 
					"push", 
					"2", 
					"Just for test.".getBytes());
			
			result = producer.send(msg);
			System.out.println("id:" + result.getMsgId() +
					" result:" + result.getSendStatus());
			
			msg = new Message("PullTopic", 
					"pull", 
					"1", 
					"Just for test.".getBytes());
			
			result = producer.send(msg);
			System.out.println("id:" + result.getMsgId() +
					" result:" + result.getSendStatus());
		} catch (Exception e) {
			e.printStackTrace();
		}finally{
			producer.shutdown();
		}
	}
}

四,Consumer

必须要设置Name Server地址

package com.sean;

import java.util.List;

import com.alibaba.rocketmq.client.consumer.DefaultMQPushConsumer;
import com.alibaba.rocketmq.client.consumer.listener.ConsumeConcurrentlyContext;
import com.alibaba.rocketmq.client.consumer.listener.ConsumeConcurrentlyStatus;
import com.alibaba.rocketmq.client.consumer.listener.MessageListenerConcurrently;
import com.alibaba.rocketmq.common.consumer.ConsumeFromWhere;
import com.alibaba.rocketmq.common.message.Message;
import com.alibaba.rocketmq.common.message.MessageExt;

public class Consumer {
	public static void main(String[] args){
		DefaultMQPushConsumer consumer = 
				new DefaultMQPushConsumer("PushConsumer");
		consumer.setNamesrvAddr("192.168.58.163:9876"); 
		try {
			//订阅PushTopic下Tag为push的消息
			consumer.subscribe("PushTopic", "push");
			//程序第一次启动从消息队列头取数据
			consumer.setConsumeFromWhere(
					ConsumeFromWhere.CONSUME_FROM_FIRST_OFFSET);
			consumer.registerMessageListener(
				new MessageListenerConcurrently() {
					public ConsumeConcurrentlyStatus consumeMessage(
							List<MessageExt> list,
							ConsumeConcurrentlyContext Context) {
						Message msg = list.get(0);
						System.out.println(msg.toString());
						return ConsumeConcurrentlyStatus.CONSUME_SUCCESS;
					}
				}
			);
			consumer.start();
		} catch (Exception e) {
			e.printStackTrace();
		}
	}
}

先运行Consumer,然后运行Producer

Producer运行结果:

id:C0A83AA300002A9F00000000000009EA result:SEND_OK
id:C0A83AA300002A9F0000000000000A77 result:SEND_OK
id:C0A83AA300002A9F0000000000000B04 result:SEND_OK

Consumer运行结果:

MessageExt [queueId=1, storeSize=141, queueOffset=6, sysFlag=0, bornTimestamp=1403765668792, bornHost=/192.168.31.130:60985, storeTimestamp=1403765527374, storeHost=/192.168.58.163:10911, msgId=C0A83AA300002A9F0000000000000A77, commitLogOffset=2679, bodyCRC=753746584, reconsumeTimes=0, preparedTransactionOffset=0, toString()=Message [topic=PushTopic, flag=0, properties={TAGS=push, KEYS=2, WAIT=true, MAX_OFFSET=7, MIN_OFFSET=0}, body=14]]
MessageExt [queueId=0, storeSize=141, queueOffset=6, sysFlag=0, bornTimestamp=1403765668698, bornHost=/192.168.31.130:60985, storeTimestamp=1403765527356, storeHost=/192.168.58.163:10911, msgId=C0A83AA300002A9F00000000000009EA, commitLogOffset=2538, bodyCRC=753746584, reconsumeTimes=0, preparedTransactionOffset=0, toString()=Message [topic=PushTopic, flag=0, properties={TAGS=push, KEYS=1, WAIT=true, MAX_OFFSET=7, MIN_OFFSET=0}, body=14]]

 

阅读更多
想对作者说点什么?

博主推荐

换一批

没有更多推荐了,返回首页