[亲测可行]android 9.0 Uri转path 获取Uri权限并且转换成path输出

原文地址: Write  by  cdsn @包罗万码 At 2018/10/26

需要权限: 

<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.READ_EXTERNAL_STORAGE"/>

一个工具类如下:

 

public class FileUtils {
    public static String getFilePathByUri(Context context, Uri uri) {
        String path = null;
        // 以 file:// 开头的
        if (ContentResolver.SCHEME_FILE.equals(uri.getScheme())) {
            path = uri.getPath();
            return path;
        }
        // 以 content:// 开头的,比如 content://media/extenral/images/media/17766
        if (ContentResolver.SCHEME_CONTENT.equals(uri.getScheme()) && Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < Build.VERSION_CODES.KITKAT) {
            Cursor cursor = context.getContentResolver().query(uri, new String[]{MediaStore.Images.Media.DATA}, null, null, null);
            if (cursor != null) {
                if (cursor.moveToFirst()) {
                    int columnIndex = cursor.getColumnIndexOrThrow(MediaStore.Images.Media.DATA);
                    if (columnIndex > -1) {
                        path = cursor.getString(columnIndex);
                    }
                }
                cursor.close();
            }
            return path;
        }
        // 4.4及之后的 是以 content:// 开头的,比如 content://com.android.providers.media.documents/document/image%3A235700
        if (ContentResolver.SCHEME_CONTENT.equals(uri.getScheme()) && Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= Build.VERSION_CODES.KITKAT) {
            if (DocumentsContract.isDocumentUri(context, uri)) {
                if (isExternalStorageDocument(uri)) {
                    // ExternalStorageProvider
                    final String docId = DocumentsContract.getDocumentId(uri);
                    final String[] split = docId.split(":");
                    final String type = split[0];
                    if ("primary".equalsIgnoreCase(type)) {
                        path = Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory() + "/" + split[1];
                        return path;
                    }
                } else if (isDownloadsDocument(uri)) {
                    // DownloadsProvider
                    final String id = DocumentsContract.getDocumentId(uri);
                    final Uri contentUri = ContentUris.withAppendedId(Uri.parse("content://downloads/public_downloads"),
                            Long.valueOf(id));
                    path = getDataColumn(context, contentUri, null, null);
                    return path;
                } else if (isMediaDocument(uri)) {
                    // MediaProvider
                    final String docId = DocumentsContract.getDocumentId(uri);
                    final String[] split = docId.split(":");
                    final String type = split[0];
                    Uri contentUri = null;
                    if ("image".equals(type)) {
                        contentUri = MediaStore.Images.Media.EXTERNAL_CONTENT_URI;
                    } else if ("video".equals(type)) {
                        contentUri = MediaStore.Video.Media.EXTERNAL_CONTENT_URI;
                    } else if ("audio".equals(type)) {
                        contentUri = MediaStore.Audio.Media.EXTERNAL_CONTENT_URI;
                    }
                    final String selection = "_id=?";
                    final String[] selectionArgs = new String[]{split[1]};
                    path = getDataColumn(context, contentUri, selection, selectionArgs);
                    return path;
                }
            }
        }
        return null;
    }

    private static String getDataColumn(Context context, Uri uri, String selection, String[] selectionArgs) {
        Cursor cursor = null;
        final String column = "_data";
        final String[] projection = {column};
        try {
            cursor = context.getContentResolver().query(uri, projection, selection, selectionArgs, null);
            if (cursor != null && cursor.moveToFirst()) {
                final int column_index = cursor.getColumnIndexOrThrow(column);
                return cursor.getString(column_index);
            }
        } finally {
            if (cursor != null)
                cursor.close();
        }
        return null;
    }

    private static boolean isExternalStorageDocument(Uri uri) {
        return "com.android.externalstorage.documents".equals(uri.getAuthority());
    }

    private static boolean isDownloadsDocument(Uri uri) {
        return "com.android.providers.downloads.documents".equals(uri.getAuthority());
    }

    private static boolean isMediaDocument(Uri uri) {
        return "com.android.providers.media.documents".equals(uri.getAuthority());
    }

}

Activity 设置一个调用的方法:

private static final int FILE_SELECT_CODE = 0;

private void showFileChooser() {
    Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_GET_CONTENT);
    intent.setType("*/*");
    intent.addCategory(Intent.CATEGORY_OPENABLE);
    try {
        startActivityForResult(Intent.createChooser(intent, "Select a File to Upload"), FILE_SELECT_CODE);
    } catch (android.content.ActivityNotFoundException ex) {
        // Potentially direct the user to the Market with a Dialog
        Toast.makeText(this, "Please install a File Manager.", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
    }
}

然后回调设置方法如下:

@Override
protected void onActivityResult(int requestCode, int resultCode, Intent data) {
    switch (requestCode) {
        case FILE_SELECT_CODE:
            if (resultCode == RESULT_OK) {
                // Get the Uri of the selected file
                final Uri uri = data.getData();
                textView.setText(uri.toString() + "\n" + "\n" + FileUtils.getFilePathByUri(getApplicationContext(),uri)+"\n"+uri.getPath());
            }
            break;
    }
    super.onActivityResult(requestCode, resultCode, data);
}

 完成:

输出如下:

/storage/emulated/0/DCIM/Camera/VID_20181025_133239.mp4

如果是给图片赋值,那么如下操作: 


ImageView viewById = (ImageView) findViewById(R.id.imageView);
viewById.setImageURI(Uri.parse(FileUtils.getFilePathByUri(getApplicationContext(),uri)));

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