算术运算验证码实现

package cn.com.util;

import java.awt.Color;
import java.awt.Font;
import java.awt.Graphics;
import java.awt.Graphics2D;
import java.awt.image.BufferedImage;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Map;
import java.util.Random;

import org.apache.log4j.Logger;

/**
* <p>标题: 汉字加减乘除验证码生成工具</p>
* <p>功能描述: 汉字加减乘除验证码生成工具</p>
*/
public class VerificationCodeTool {
// LOG
private static final Logger LOG = Logger.getLogger(VerificationCodeTool.class);

// 图片宽度
private static final int IMG_WIDTH = 146;

// 图片高度
private static final int IMG_HEIGHT = 30;

// 干扰行数
private static final int DISTURB_LINE_SIZE = 1;

// 产生随机对象
private final Random random = new Random();

// 计算结果
private int xyresult;

// 随机字符串
private String randomString;

// 中文字符
private static final String CVCNUMBERS = "\u96F6\u4E00\u4E8C\u4E09\u56DB\u4E94\u516D\u4E03\u516B\u4E5D\u5341\u4E58\u9664\u52A0\u51CF";

// 字体
private final Font font = new Font("黑体", Font.BOLD, 18);

// data operator
private static final Map<String, Integer> OPMap = new HashMap<String, Integer>();

static {
OPMap.put("*", 11);
OPMap.put("/", 12);
OPMap.put("+", 13);
OPMap.put("-", 14);
}

/** 
* 生成 图片验证码
* */
public BufferedImage drawVerificationCodeImage() {
// 图片
BufferedImage image = new BufferedImage(IMG_WIDTH, IMG_HEIGHT, BufferedImage.TYPE_INT_RGB);
// 内存画笔
Graphics g = image.getGraphics();
// Set the brush color
// g.setColor(getRandomColor(200,250));
g.setColor(Color.WHITE);

// image background
g.fillRect(0, 0, IMG_WIDTH, IMG_HEIGHT);
// Set the brush color
g.setColor(getRandomColor(200, 250));
// image border
g.drawRect(0, 0, IMG_WIDTH - 2, IMG_HEIGHT - 2);

// Set disturb line color
g.setColor(getRandomColor(110, 133));
// Generate random interference lines
for (int i = 0; i < DISTURB_LINE_SIZE; i++) {
drawDisturbLine1(g);
drawDisturbLine2(g);
}
// Generate a random number, set return data
getRandomMathString();
LOG.info("验证码 : " + randomString);
LOG.info("验证码结果 : " + xyresult);
// The generated random string used to save the system
StringBuffer logsu = new StringBuffer();
for (int j = 0, k = randomString.length(); j < k; j++) {
int chid = 0;
if (j == 1) {
chid = OPMap.get(String.valueOf(randomString.charAt(j)));
} else {
chid = Integer.parseInt(String.valueOf(randomString.charAt(j)));
}
String ch = String.valueOf(CVCNUMBERS.charAt(chid));
logsu.append(ch);
drawRandomString((Graphics2D) g, ch, j);
}
// = ?
drawRandomString((Graphics2D) g, "\u7B49\u4E8E\uFF1F", 3);
logsu.append("\u7B49\u4E8E \uFF1F");
LOG.info("汉字验证码 : " + logsu);
randomString = logsu.toString();
// Release the brush object
g.dispose();
return image;
}

/** 
* 获取随机字符串
* */
private void getRandomMathString() {
// Randomly generated number 0 to 10
int xx = random.nextInt(10);
int yy = random.nextInt(10);
// save getRandomString
StringBuilder suChinese = new StringBuilder();
// random 0,1,2
int Randomoperands = (int) Math.round(Math.random() * 2);
// multiplication
if (Randomoperands == 0) {
this.xyresult = yy * xx;
// suChinese.append(CNUMBERS[yy]);
suChinese.append(yy);
suChinese.append("*");
suChinese.append(xx);
// division, divisor cannot be zero, Be divisible
} else if (Randomoperands == 1) {
if (!(xx == 0) && yy % xx == 0) {
this.xyresult = yy / xx;
suChinese.append(yy);
suChinese.append("/");
suChinese.append(xx);
} else {
this.xyresult = yy + xx;
suChinese.append(yy);
suChinese.append("+");
suChinese.append(xx);
}
// subtraction
} else if (Randomoperands == 2) {
if (xx > yy) {
int temp;
temp = xx;
xx = yy;
yy = temp;
}
this.xyresult = yy - xx;
suChinese.append(yy);
suChinese.append("-");
suChinese.append(xx);
// add
} else {
this.xyresult = yy + xx;
suChinese.append(yy);
suChinese.append("+");
suChinese.append(xx);
}
this.randomString = suChinese.toString();
}

/** 
* Draw a random string 
* @param g Graphics 
* @param randomString random string 
* @param i the random number of characters 
* */
public void drawRandomString(Graphics2D g, String randomvcch, int i) {
// Set the string font style
g.setFont(font);
// Set the color string
int rc = random.nextInt(255);
int gc = random.nextInt(255);
int bc = random.nextInt(255);
g.setColor(new Color(rc, gc, bc));
// random string
// Set picture in the picture of the text on the x, y coordinates,
// random offset value
int x = random.nextInt(3);
int y = random.nextInt(2);
g.translate(x, y);
// Set the font rotation angle
int degree = new Random().nextInt() % 15;
// Positive point of view
g.rotate(degree * Math.PI / 180, 5 + i * 25, 20);

g.drawString(randomvcch, 5 + i * 25, 20);
// Reverse Angle
g.rotate(-degree * Math.PI / 180, 5 + i * 25, 20);
}

/** 
*Draw line interference 
*@param g Graphics 
* */
public void drawDisturbLine1(Graphics g) {
int x1 = random.nextInt(IMG_WIDTH);
int y1 = random.nextInt(IMG_HEIGHT);
int x2 = random.nextInt(13);
int y2 = random.nextInt(15);

g.drawLine(x1, y1, x1 + x2, y1 + y2);
}

/** 
*Draw line interference 
*@param g Graphics 
* */
public void drawDisturbLine2(Graphics g) {
int x1 = random.nextInt(IMG_WIDTH);
int y1 = random.nextInt(IMG_HEIGHT);
int x2 = random.nextInt(13);
int y2 = random.nextInt(15);

g.drawLine(x1, y1, x1 - x2, y1 - y2);
}

/** 
* For random color 
* @param fc fc 
* @param bc bc 
* @return color random color 
* */
public Color getRandomColor(int fc, int bc) {
if (fc > 255) {
fc = 255;
}
if (bc > 255) {
bc = 255;
}
// Generate random RGB trichromatic
int r = fc + random.nextInt(bc - fc - 16);
int g = fc + random.nextInt(bc - fc - 14);
int b = fc + random.nextInt(bc - fc - 18);
return new Color(r, g, b);
}

/** 
* xyresult.<br/> 
* 
* @return the xyresult <br/> 
* 
*/
public int getXyresult() {
return xyresult;
}

/** 
* randomString.<br/> 
* 
* @return the randomString <br/> 
* 
*/
public String getRandomString() {
return randomString;
}

}


先写验证码生成工具类VerificationCodeTool.java,在写验证生成类RandomCodeServlet .java生成验证码图片和结果存在session中,

package cn.com.servlet;


import java.awt.image.BufferedImage;
import java.io.IOException;


import javax.imageio.ImageIO;
import javax.servlet.ServletException;
import javax.servlet.ServletOutputStream;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpSession;


import org.apache.log4j.Logger;


import cn.com.util.VerificationCodeTool;


/**
 * <p>标题: </p>
 * <p>功能描述: 验证码生成类</p>
 */
public class RandomCodeServlet extends HttpServlet {
    private static final long serialVersionUID = 1L;


    public static final String KAPTCHA_SESSION_KEY = "KAPTCHA_SESSION_KEY";


    private static Logger log = Logger.getLogger(RandomCodeServlet.class);


    /**
     * 生成验证码图片
     */
    protected void service(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response) throws ServletException,
            IOException {


        // 生成验证码
        VerificationCodeTool verificationCode = new VerificationCodeTool();
        BufferedImage buffImg = verificationCode.drawVerificationCodeImage();


        // 将验证码保存到session中
        HttpSession session = request.getSession();
        session.setAttribute(KAPTCHA_SESSION_KEY, verificationCode.getXyresult() + "");
        log.debug("验证码为: " + verificationCode.getXyresult());


        response.setHeader("Pragma", "no-cache");
        response.setHeader("Cache-Control", "no-cache");
        response.setDateHeader("Expires", 0);
        response.setContentType("image/jpeg");


        ServletOutputStream outputStream = response.getOutputStream();
        ImageIO.write(buffImg, "jpeg", outputStream);


        outputStream.close();
    }
}

配置web.xml 信息

	<!--########## 算术运算图片验证码 ############# -->
	<servlet>
		<servlet-name>KaptchaSsys</servlet-name>
		<servlet-class>cn.com.servlet.RandomCodeServlet</servlet-class> 
	</servlet>
	<servlet-mapping>
		<servlet-name>KaptchaSsys</servlet-name>
		<url-pattern>/captchaSsys.jpg</url-pattern>
	</servlet-mapping>
	<!--########## 算术运算图片验证码 ############# -->

html页面 

<img class="codeImg" style="width: 98%;height: 35px;" id="codeimg" alt="验证码"  onclick="this.src='/captchaSsys.jpg?'+Math.random();" src="/captchaSsys.jpg"  />
获取验证码,点击获取随机验证码

后台验证验证码结果

 @RequestMapping(value = "/imgcodeCheck", method = {RequestMethod.POST}, produces = {"application/json;charset=UTF-8"})
    public String imgcodeCheck(@RequestParam String imgcode) {
        HttpSession session = this.getSession();
        String captcha = (String) (session.getAttribute(RandomCodeServlet.KAPTCHA_SESSION_KEY));
        session.removeAttribute(RandomCodeServlet.KAPTCHA_SESSION_KEY);
        if (!imgcode.equals(captcha)) {
            return false;
        }
        return true;
    }


          
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