kretprobe 使用

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本文链接:https://blog.csdn.net/already_skb/article/details/54558122

很多人估计有需求使用kretprobe,但是苦于传递的参数保存在寄存中,不知道其对应关系,这里简单给了一个例子,方便大家使用,平台是X86

/*
 *  * kretprobe_example.c
 *   *
 *    * Here's a sample kernel module showing the use of return probes to
 *     * report the return value and total time taken for probed function
 *      * to run.
 *       *
 *        * usage: insmod kretprobe_example.ko func=<func_name>
 *         *
 *          * If no func_name is specified, do_fork is instrumented
 *           *
 *            * For more information on theory of operation of kretprobes, see
 *             * Documentation/kprobes.txt
 *              *
 *               * Build and insert the kernel module as done in the kprobe example.
 *                * You will see the trace data in /var/log/messages and on the console
 *                 * whenever the probed function returns. (Some messages may be suppressed
 *                  * if syslogd is configured to eliminate duplicate messages.)
 *                   */

#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/kprobes.h>
#include <linux/ktime.h>
#include <linux/limits.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/tcp.h>
#include <net/tcp.h>


static char func_name[NAME_MAX] = "tcp_rcv_established";
module_param_string(func, func_name, NAME_MAX, S_IRUGO);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(func, "Function to kretprobe; this module will report the"
			" function's execution time");


#if 0
struct pt_regs {
	unsigned long r15;
	unsigned long r14;
	unsigned long r13;
	unsigned long r12;
	unsigned long bp;
	unsigned long bx;
	/* arguments: non interrupts/non tracing syscalls only save up to here*/
	unsigned long r11;
	unsigned long r10;
	unsigned long r9;//第六个参数
	unsigned long r8;//第五个参数
	unsigned long ax;//返回值
	unsigned long cx;//第四个参数
	unsigned long dx;//第三个参数
	unsigned long si;//第二个参数
	unsigned long di;//第一个参数
	unsigned long orig_ax;
	/* end of arguments */
	/* cpu exception frame or undefined */
	unsigned long ip;
	unsigned long cs;
	unsigned long flags;
	unsigned long sp;
	unsigned long ss;
	/* top of stack page */
};
#endif

/* per-instance private data */
struct my_data {
	ktime_t entry_stamp;
};

/* Here we use the entry_hanlder to timestamp function entry */
static int entry_handler(struct kretprobe_instance *ri, struct pt_regs *regs)
{
	struct sock *sk;
	struct sk_buff *skb;
	const struct tcphdr *th;
	const struct iphdr *iph;
	unsigned int sip = 0;
	unsigned int dip = 0;
	unsigned short sport = 0;
	unsigned short dport = 0;
	unsigned int seq = 0;
	unsigned int len = 0;	
	unsigned int ssk_saddr = 0;
	unsigned int ssk_daddr = 0;
	unsigned short ssk_sport = 0;
	unsigned short ssk_dport = 0;
	unsigned int ack_seq = 0;
	unsigned int seq_end = 0;

	if (!current->mm)
		return 1;	/* Skip kernel threads */

	sk = (struct sock *)(regs->di);
	skb = (struct sk_buff *)(regs->si);
	th = (struct tcphdr *)(regs->dx);
	iph = ip_hdr(skb);
	len = (int)(regs->cx);

	if (sk == NULL || skb == NULL || th  == NULL || iph == NULL)
		return 0;

	sport = ntohs(th->source);
	dport = ntohs(th->dest);
	sip = iph->saddr;
	dip = iph->daddr;
	seq = ntohl(th->seq);
	seq_end = (TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->seq + th->syn + th->fin + skb->len - th->doff * 4);
	ack_seq = ntohl(th->ack_seq);
	ssk_daddr = sk->sk_rcv_saddr;
	ssk_dport = ntohs(sk->sk_dport);
	ssk_saddr = sk->sk_daddr;
	ssk_sport = sk->sk_num;

	if (sport == 80 && len > sizeof(struct tcphdr))
		printk("%s %pI4 %u --> %pI4 %u seq %u-%u len %u ack %u\n",
		 __func__, &sip, sport, &dip, dport, 
		seq, seq_end , (skb->len - th->doff * 4) , ack_seq);
	return 0;
}

/*
 *  * Return-probe handler: Log the return value and duration. Duration may turn
 *   * out to be zero consistently, depending upon the granularity of time
 *    * accounting on the platform.
 *     */
static int ret_handler(struct kretprobe_instance *ri, struct pt_regs *regs)
{
	int retval = regs_return_value(regs);
	return 0;
}

static struct kretprobe my_kretprobe = {
	.handler		= ret_handler,
	.entry_handler		= entry_handler,
	.data_size		= sizeof(struct my_data),
	/* Probe up to 20 instances concurrently. */
	.maxactive		= 20,
};

static int __init kretprobe_init(void)
{
	int ret;

	my_kretprobe.kp.symbol_name = func_name;
	ret = register_kretprobe(&my_kretprobe);
	if (ret < 0) {
		printk(KERN_INFO "register_kretprobe failed, returned %d\n",
				ret);
		return -1;
	}
	printk(KERN_INFO "Planted return probe at %s: %p\n",
			my_kretprobe.kp.symbol_name, my_kretprobe.kp.addr);
	return 0;
}

static void __exit kretprobe_exit(void)
{
	unregister_kretprobe(&my_kretprobe);
	printk(KERN_INFO "kretprobe at %p unregistered\n",
			my_kretprobe.kp.addr);

	/* nmissed > 0 suggests that maxactive was set too low. */
	printk(KERN_INFO "Missed probing %d instances of %s\n",
		my_kretprobe.nmissed, my_kretprobe.kp.symbol_name);
}

module_init(kretprobe_init)
module_exit(kretprobe_exit)
MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");


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