Android uri转真实路径。

在华为手机上选择图片的时候。拿到一个这样的路径:(华为手机进打开图库-》下载内容-》browser-》图片收藏-》选择图片)

content://com.android.providers.downloads.documents/document/raw:/storage/emulated/0/Download/browser/图片收藏/200832810200350_2.jpg

emmm.这个uri怎么转换都不成功。之前的转换方法:

 @TargetApi(Build.VERSION_CODES.KITKAT)
    public static String getPath(final Context context, final Uri uri) {
        final boolean isKitKat = Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= Build.VERSION_CODES.KITKAT;

        // DocumentProvider
        if (isKitKat && DocumentsContract.isDocumentUri(context, uri)) {
            // ExternalStorageProvider
            if (isExternalStorageDocument(uri)) {
                final String docId = DocumentsContract.getDocumentId(uri);
                final String[] split = docId.split(":");
                final String type = split[0];

                if ("primary".equalsIgnoreCase(type)) {
                    return Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory() + "/" + split[1];
                }
            }
            // DownloadsProvider
            else if (isDownloadsDocument(uri)) {

                final Uri contentUri = ContentUris.withAppendedId(
                    Uri.parse("content://downloads/public_downloads"), Long.valueOf(id));

                return getDataColumn(context, contentUri, null, null);
            }
            // MediaProvider
            else if (isMediaDocument(uri)) {
                final String docId = DocumentsContract.getDocumentId(uri);
                final String[] split = docId.split(":");
                final String type = split[0];

                Uri contentUri = null;
                if ("image".equals(type)) {
                    contentUri = MediaStore.Images.Media.EXTERNAL_CONTENT_URI;
                } else if ("video".equals(type)) {
                    contentUri = MediaStore.Video.Media.EXTERNAL_CONTENT_URI;
                } else if ("audio".equals(type)) {
                    contentUri = MediaStore.Audio.Media.EXTERNAL_CONTENT_URI;
                }

                final String selection = "_id=?";
                final String[] selectionArgs = new String[]{split[1]};

                return getDataColumn(context, contentUri, selection, selectionArgs);
            }
        }
        // MediaStore (and general)
        else if ("content".equalsIgnoreCase(uri.getScheme())) {
            return getDataColumn(context, uri, null, null);
        }
        // File
        else if ("file".equalsIgnoreCase(uri.getScheme())) {
            return uri.getPath();
        }

        return uri.getPath();
    }

    public static String getDataColumn(Context context, Uri uri, String selection,
                                       String[] selectionArgs) {
        Cursor cursor = null;
        final String column = "_data";
        final String[] projection = {column};

        try {
            cursor = context.getContentResolver().query(uri, projection, selection, selectionArgs,
                null);
            if (cursor != null && cursor.moveToFirst()) {
                final int column_index = cursor.getColumnIndexOrThrow(column);
                return cursor.getString(column_index);
            }
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
            Log.e(TAG, "GetDataColumnFail", e);
        } finally {
            if (cursor != null)
                cursor.close();
        }
        return null;
    }
public static boolean isExternalStorageDocument(Uri uri) {
        return "com.android.externalstorage.documents".equals(uri.getAuthority());
    }

    public static boolean isDownloadsDocument(Uri uri) {
        return "com.android.providers.downloads.documents".equals(uri.getAuthority());
    }

    public static boolean isMediaDocument(Uri uri) {
        return "com.android.providers.media.documents".equals(uri.getAuthority());
    }

之前一直这么用,直到遇到了这次,之前选择以后的路径都是类似这种:

content://com.android.providers.media.documents/document/image%3A836956

这次的路径是:

content://com.android.providers.downloads.documents/document/raw:/storage/emulated/0/Download/browser/图片收藏/200832810200350_2.jpg

这个会进到isDownloadsDocument这个判断中,代码里是拿到long类型的id.可是我们这个拿到的id是:

raw:/storage/emulated/0/Download/browser/图片收藏/200832810200350_2.jpg"

这样就会报转换错误。

    java.lang.NumberFormatException: For input string: "raw:/storage/emulated/0/Download/browser/图片收藏/200832810200350_2.jpg"

找了很多资料,最后找到解决办法。

if (isDownloadsDocument(uri)) {

                final String id = DocumentsContract.getDocumentId(uri);
                if (id.startsWith("raw:")) {
                    return id.replaceFirst("raw:", "");
                }
                final Uri contentUri = ContentUris.withAppendedId(
                    Uri.parse("content://downloads/public_downloads"), Long.valueOf(id));

                return getDataColumn(context, contentUri, null, null);
            }

我们也可以看到raw后面返回的其实就是真实路径,所以我们直接取出来就好了。

完整的代码:

    @SuppressLint("NewApi")
    public static String getPathFromUri(final Context context, final Uri uri) {
        if (uri == null) {
            return null;
        }
        // 判斷是否為Android 4.4之後的版本
        final boolean after44 = Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 19;
        if (after44 && DocumentsContract.isDocumentUri(context, uri)) {
            // 如果是Android 4.4之後的版本,而且屬於文件URI
            final String authority = uri.getAuthority();
            // 判斷Authority是否為本地端檔案所使用的
            if ("com.android.externalstorage.documents".equals(authority)) {
                // 外部儲存空間
                final String docId = DocumentsContract.getDocumentId(uri);
                final String[] divide = docId.split(":");
                final String type = divide[0];
                if ("primary".equals(type)) {
                    String path = Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory().getAbsolutePath().concat("/").concat(divide[1]);
                    return path;
                } else {
                    String path = "/storage/".concat(type).concat("/").concat(divide[1]);
                    return path;
                }
            } else if ("com.android.providers.downloads.documents".equals(authority)) {
                // 下載目錄
                final String docId = DocumentsContract.getDocumentId(uri);
                if (docId.startsWith("raw:")) {
                    final String path = docId.replaceFirst("raw:", "");
                    return path;
                }
                final Uri downloadUri = ContentUris.withAppendedId(Uri.parse("content://downloads/public_downloads"), Long.parseLong(docId));
                String path = queryAbsolutePath(context, downloadUri);
                return path;
            } else if ("com.android.providers.media.documents".equals(authority)) {
                // 圖片、影音檔案
                final String docId = DocumentsContract.getDocumentId(uri);
                final String[] divide = docId.split(":");
                final String type = divide[0];
                Uri mediaUri = null;
                if ("image".equals(type)) {
                    mediaUri = MediaStore.Images.Media.EXTERNAL_CONTENT_URI;
                } else if ("video".equals(type)) {
                    mediaUri = MediaStore.Video.Media.EXTERNAL_CONTENT_URI;
                } else if ("audio".equals(type)) {
                    mediaUri = MediaStore.Audio.Media.EXTERNAL_CONTENT_URI;
                } else {
                    return null;
                }
                mediaUri = ContentUris.withAppendedId(mediaUri, Long.parseLong(divide[1]));
                String path = queryAbsolutePath(context, mediaUri);
                return path;
            }
        } else {
            // 如果是一般的URI
            final String scheme = uri.getScheme();
            String path = null;
            if ("content".equals(scheme)) {
                // 內容URI
                path = queryAbsolutePath(context, uri);
            } else if ("file".equals(scheme)) {
                // 檔案URI
                path = uri.getPath();
            }
            return path;
        }
        return null;
    }

    public static String queryAbsolutePath(final Context context, final Uri uri) {
        final String[] projection = {MediaStore.MediaColumns.DATA};
        Cursor cursor = null;
        try {
            cursor = context.getContentResolver().query(uri, projection, null, null, null);
            if (cursor != null && cursor.moveToFirst()) {
                final int index = cursor.getColumnIndexOrThrow(MediaStore.MediaColumns.DATA);
                return cursor.getString(index);
            }
        } catch (final Exception ex) {
            ex.printStackTrace();
            if (cursor != null) {
                cursor.close();
            }
        }
        return null;
    }

每日语录:

呀。撑一撑。国庆了!!!!加油!!!

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