POI将EXCEL数据导入到数据库中

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1.今天项目需要添加需求,将excel表格导入到数据库中。想起利用poi框架去实现,在网上找了一个工具类,经测试,可以使用,附上代码

因为是maven 管理项目,所以引入poi相关jar包

      <dependency>
            <groupId>org.apache.poi</groupId>
            <artifactId>poi</artifactId>
            <version>3.8</version>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.apache.poi</groupId>
            <artifactId>poi-scratchpad</artifactId>
            <version>3.8-beta4</version>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.apache.poi</groupId>
            <artifactId>poi-ooxml</artifactId>
            <version>3.8</version>
        </dependency>

public class ImportExcelUtil {
    private final static String excel2003L =".xls";    //2003- 版本的excel
    private final static String excel2007U =".xlsx";   //2007+ 版本的excel
    /**
     * Excel导入
     */
    public static  List<List<Object>> getBankListByExcel(InputStream in, String fileName) throws Exception{
        List<List<Object>> list = null;
        //创建Excel工作薄
        Workbook work = getWorkbook(in,fileName);
        if(null == work){
            throw new Exception("创建Excel工作薄为空!");
        }
        Sheet sheet = null;
        Row row = null;
        Cell cell = null;
        list = new ArrayList<List<Object>>();
        //遍历Excel中所有的sheet
        for (int i = 0; i < work.getNumberOfSheets(); i++) {
            sheet = work.getSheetAt(i);
            if(sheet==null){continue;}
            //遍历当前sheet中的所有行
            //包涵头部,所以要小于等于最后一列数,这里也可以在初始值加上头部行数,以便跳过头部
            for (int j = sheet.getFirstRowNum(); j <= sheet.getLastRowNum(); j++) {
                //读取一行
                row = sheet.getRow(j);
                //去掉空行和表头
                if(row==null||row.getFirstCellNum()==j){continue;}
                //遍历所有的列
                List<Object> li = new ArrayList<Object>();
                for (int y = row.getFirstCellNum(); y < row.getLastCellNum(); y++) {
                    cell = row.getCell(y);
                    li.add(getCellValue(cell));
                }
                list.add(li);
            }
        }
        return list;
    }
    /**
     * 描述:根据文件后缀,自适应上传文件的版本
     */
    public static  Workbook getWorkbook(InputStream inStr,String fileName) throws Exception{
        Workbook wb = null;
        String fileType = fileName.substring(fileName.lastIndexOf("."));
        if(excel2003L.equals(fileType)){
            wb = new HSSFWorkbook(inStr);  //2003-
        }else if(excel2007U.equals(fileType)){
            wb = new XSSFWorkbook(inStr);  //2007+
        }else{
            throw new CustomErrorException(ErrorCodes.EXCEL_PARSE_ERROR);
        }
        return wb;
    }
    /**
     * 描述:对表格中数值进行格式化
     */
    public static  Object getCellValue(Cell cell){
        Object value = null;
        DecimalFormat df = new DecimalFormat("0");  //格式化字符类型的数字
        SimpleDateFormat sdf = new SimpleDateFormat("yyy-MM-dd");  //日期格式化
        DecimalFormat df2 = new DecimalFormat("0.00");  //格式化数字
        switch (cell.getCellType()) {
            case Cell.CELL_TYPE_STRING:
                value = cell.getRichStringCellValue().getString();
                break;
            case Cell.CELL_TYPE_NUMERIC:
                if("General".equals(cell.getCellStyle().getDataFormatString())){
                    value = df.format(cell.getNumericCellValue());
                }else if("m/d/yy".equals(cell.getCellStyle().getDataFormatString())){
                    value = sdf.format(cell.getDateCellValue());
                }else{
                    value = df2.format(cell.getNumericCellValue());
                }
                break;
            case Cell.CELL_TYPE_BOOLEAN:
                value = cell.getBooleanCellValue();
                break;
            case Cell.CELL_TYPE_BLANK:
                value = "";
                break;
            default:
                break;
        }
        return value;
    }
}

测试类代码

@Autowired
    @Test
    public void getBankListByExcel() throws Exception {
        String filepath = "D:\\puhai_work\\2.xlsx";
        File file =  new File(filepath);
        FileInputStream inputStream = new FileInputStream(new File(filepath));
        List<List<Object>>  list = ImportExcelUtil.getBankListByExcel(inputStream,filepath);
        System.out.print(list);
        for(int i = 0; i< list.size();i++) {
            for(int j = 0;j< list.get(i).size();j++){
                System.out.println(list.get(i).get(j) + "::" + j);
            }
        }
        //todo 因为已得到list数据,接下来插入到数据库的代码只是常规代码,没贴上
    }

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