安卓入门——————简单记账本的开发(用sqlite存储数据)(一)

设计思想————首先要确定有几个页面、和每个页面的大致布局

由于是入门,我也是学习了不是很长的时间,所以项目比较low。。。。

第一个页面,也就是打开APP的首页面:

今天这个博客,先实现添加功能!:

首先对主界面进行布局:其中 activity_main.xml的代码为

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:orientation="vertical"
    tools:context=".MainActivity" >
    <ListView
        android:id="@+id/lv"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_weight="1" >
</ListView>
   <LinearLayout android:layout_width="match_parent"
       android:layout_height="wrap_content">
    <Button 
    android:onClick="click1"
    android:layout_width="wrap_content"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:layout_weight="1"
    android:text="新建"
    />

<Button 
    android:onClick="click2"
    android:layout_width="wrap_content"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:layout_weight="1"
    android:text="delete"
    />       </LinearLayout>                                                                                                  
</LinearLayout>

 

然后就是MainActivity的代码了,其中内部含有注释,而且我实际使用的是BaseAdapter,但是在学习的过程中我发现SimpleAdatapter更加方便简单,所以我以注释的形式将SimpleAdapter的内容保存了,。可以方便学习:

package com.example.hhah;

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.List;

import org.w3c.dom.Text;
import org.w3c.dom.ls.LSInput;

import android.app.Activity;
import android.app.DownloadManager.Query;
import android.content.ClipData.Item;
import android.content.Intent;
import android.database.Cursor;
import android.database.sqlite.SQLiteDatabase;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.provider.ContactsContract.DataUsageFeedback;
import android.view.Menu;
import android.view.MenuItem;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.ViewGroup;
import android.widget.BaseAdapter;
import android.widget.ListView;
import android.widget.SimpleAdapter;
import android.widget.TextView;
import android.widget.Toast;

public class MainActivity extends Activity {

    private ArrayList<Bean> list;
    private MyOpenHelper myOpenHelper;
    private SQLiteDatabase db;
    private ListView lv;

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
        list = new ArrayList<Bean>();
        lv = (ListView) this.findViewById(R.id.lv);

        myOpenHelper = new MyOpenHelper(this);
        db = myOpenHelper.getWritableDatabase();
        Cursor cursor = db.rawQuery("select * from biao01;", null);
        while (cursor.moveToNext()) {
            String t_name = cursor.getString(cursor.getColumnIndex("t_name"));
            String t_place = cursor.getString(cursor.getColumnIndex("t_place"));
            String time = cursor.getString(cursor.getColumnIndex("time"));
            Bean bean = new Bean();
            bean.setT_name(t_name);
            bean.setT_place(t_place);
            bean.setTime(time);
            list.add(bean);
        }
        MyAdapter myAdapter = new MyAdapter(this, list, R.layout.item);
        /*
         * ArrayList<HashMap<String, Object>> yy = new
         * ArrayList<HashMap<String,Object>>(); for(Bean bean1:list) { HashMap<String,
         * Object> zzz = new HashMap<String,Object>(); zzz.put("t_name",
         * bean1.getT_name()); zzz.put("t_place", bean1.getT_place()); zzz.put("time",
         * bean1.getTime()); yy.add(zzz); } SimpleAdapter simpleAdapter=new
         * SimpleAdapter(this, yy, R.layout.item, new String[]
         * {"t_name","t_place","time"},new int[]
         * {R.id.tv_name,R.id.tv_place,R.id.tv_time});
         * 
         */

        lv.setAdapter(myAdapter);
    }

    public void click1(View view) {
        // 该方法只用于跳转,实际增加步骤在增加页面
        Intent intent = new Intent();
        intent.setAction("android.intent.action.add");
        intent.addCategory("android.intent.category.DEFAULT");
        startActivity(intent);
    }

}

在上面我提到,这个APP涉及到连接数据库,所以我们必须要实现SQLiteOpenHelper为我们提供的诸多方法,所以我创建了一个类,专门用来连接数据库以及实现方法:

package com.example.hhah;

import java.sql.ResultSet;

import android.content.Context;
import android.database.sqlite.SQLiteDatabase;
import android.database.sqlite.SQLiteDatabase.CursorFactory;
import android.database.sqlite.SQLiteOpenHelper;

public class MyOpenHelper extends SQLiteOpenHelper {

    // context:上下文
    // name:数据库名字
    // 目的创建cursor对象
    // 数据库的版本从一开始
    public MyOpenHelper(Context context) {
        super(context, "zhanghao", null, 1);

    }

    @Override
    // 当数据库第一次被创建的时候调用,用来建表
    public void onCreate(SQLiteDatabase db) {
        db.execSQL("create table biao01 (t_name varchar(20),t_place varchar(20),time varchar(20));");
        db.execSQL("insert into biao01 values('吃饭','白骆驼','2019.3.21');");
    }

    @Override
    public void onUpgrade(SQLiteDatabase db, int oldVersion, int newVersion) {
        // TODO Auto-generated method stub

    }

}

因为上面提到,我用的是baseadapter所以我也新建了一个class用来配置适配器继承BaseAdapter,其实这个一般是固定的写法,你也可以使用在MainActivity里内部类。不过不推荐使用内部类,因为容易导致其代码结构错乱,引发诸多问题:

package com.example.hhah;

import java.util.ArrayList;

import android.content.Context;
import android.text.Layout;
import android.view.LayoutInflater;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.ViewGroup;
import android.widget.BaseAdapter;
import android.widget.TextView;

public class MyAdapter extends BaseAdapter {
    private Context context;
    private ArrayList<Bean> list = new ArrayList<Bean>();
    private LayoutInflater inflator;
    private int resore;
    private TextView t_name;
    private TextView t_place;
    private TextView time;

    public MyAdapter(Context context, ArrayList<Bean> list, int resore) {

        this.context = context;
        this.list = list;
        this.resore = resore;
    }

    @Override
    public int getCount() {
        // TODO Auto-generated method stub
        return list.size();
    }

    @Override
    public Object getItem(int position) {
        // TODO Auto-generated method stub
        return null;
    }

    @Override
    public long getItemId(int position) {
        // TODO Auto-generated method stub
        return 0;
    }

    @Override
    public View getView(int position, View convertView, ViewGroup parent) {
        if (convertView == null) {
            inflator = (LayoutInflater) context.getSystemService(context.LAYOUT_INFLATER_SERVICE);
            convertView = inflator.inflate(resore, null);
            t_name = (TextView) convertView.findViewById(R.id.tv_name);
            t_place = (TextView) convertView.findViewById(R.id.tv_place);
            time = (TextView) convertView.findViewById(R.id.tv_time);
        }
        Bean bean = list.get(position);
        t_name.setText(bean.getT_name());
        t_place.setText(bean.getT_place());
        time.setText(bean.getTime());
        return convertView;
    }

}

然后就是最简单的Bean对象了,同样是新建一个类(变量比较少,也是为了方便学习,如果要实现更多的记录内容可以自行添加):

package com.example.hhah;

public class Bean {
    private String t_name;
    private String time;
    private String t_place;

    public String getT_name() {
        return t_name;
    }

    public void setT_name(String t_name) {
        this.t_name = t_name;
    }

    public String getTime() {
        return time;
    }

    public void setTime(String time) {
        this.time = time;
    }

    public String getT_place() {
        return t_place;
    }

    public void setT_place(String t_place) {
        this.t_place = t_place;
    }

}

好那么只涉及增加的主界面搭建好了,接下来就是实现增加功能的页面,以及运用适配器传输数据的接口页面:

我的添加界面:

还是,创建一个xml文件。用来显示这个添加页面:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:orientation="vertical"
    tools:context=".addActivity" >

    <TextView
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:text="事件名:"
        android:textSize="30dp" />

    <EditText
        android:id="@+id/et_things"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:hint="请输入事件名"
        android:textSize="25dp" />

    <TextView
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:text="时间:"
        android:textSize="30dp" />

    <EditText
        android:id="@+id/et_time"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:hint="请输入时间"
        android:textSize="25dp" />

    <TextView
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:text="地点:"
        android:textSize="30dp" />

    <EditText
        android:id="@+id/et_place"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:hint="请输入地点"
        android:textSize="25dp" />

    <Button
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_weight="1"
        android:onClick="click_add"
        android:text="添加" />

    <Button
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_weight="1"
        android:onClick="click_return"
        android:text="放弃添加" />

</LinearLayout>

然后就是用来实现接口功能的item.xml文件:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:orientation="horizontal" >

    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/tv_name"
        android:layout_width="0dp"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_weight="1"
        android:textSize="20sp" />

    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/tv_place"
        android:layout_width="0dp"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_weight="1"
        android:textSize="20sp" />

    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/tv_time"
        android:layout_width="0dp"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_weight="1"
        android:textSize="20sp" />

</LinearLayout>

之后创建一个AddActivity,进行数据的输入,之后点击按钮,将数据保存到数据库:

package com.example.hhah;

import java.util.List;

import android.app.Activity;
import android.content.ContentValues;
import android.content.Intent;
import android.database.sqlite.SQLiteDatabase;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.text.TextUtils;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.EditText;
import android.widget.Toast;

public class addActivity extends Activity {

    private EditText et_thing;
    private EditText et_place;
    private EditText et_time;
    private SQLiteDatabase db;
    private Bean bean;
    private long ll;
    private MyOpenHelper myOpenHelper;

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        // TODO Auto-generated method stub
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        // 加载布局
        setContentView(R.layout.add_activity);
        et_thing = (EditText) findViewById(R.id.et_things);
        et_place = (EditText) findViewById(R.id.et_place);
        et_time = (EditText) findViewById(R.id.et_time);
        myOpenHelper = new MyOpenHelper(getApplicationContext());
        // db = myOpenHelper.getWritableDatabase();
    }

    public void click_add(View view) {
        db = myOpenHelper.getWritableDatabase();
        String thing = et_thing.getText().toString().trim();
        String place = et_place.getText().toString().trim();
        String time = et_time.getText().toString().trim();
        if (TextUtils.isEmpty(thing) || TextUtils.isEmpty(place) || TextUtils.isEmpty(time)) {
            Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(), "亲输入内容不能为空哦!", 1).show();
            return;
        } else {

            bean = new Bean();
            bean.setT_name(thing);
            bean.setT_place(place);
            bean.setTime(time);
            ContentValues values = new ContentValues();
            values.put("t_name", thing);
            values.put("t_place", place);
            values.put("time", time);
            ll = db.insert("biao01", null, values);
            db.close();
            System.out.println(ll);
            if (ll > 0) {
                Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(), "保存成功", 1).show();
                addActivity.this.finish();

            } else {
                Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(), "系统繁忙,请稍后再试!", 1).show();
            }
        }

    }

    public void click_return(View view) {
        addActivity.this.finish();
    }
}

 

最后千万别忘了配置清单文件!!!具体涉及到的内容如下:

<application
        android:allowBackup="true"
        android:icon="@drawable/ic_launcher"
        android:label="@string/app_name"
        android:theme="@style/AppTheme" >
        <activity
            android:name="com.example.hhah.MainActivity"
            android:label="@string/app_name" >
            <!-- main主入口   -->
            <intent-filter>
                <action android:name="android.intent.action.MAIN" />

                <category android:name="android.intent.category.LAUNCHER" />
            </intent-filter>
        </activity>
        
        <activity
            android:name="com.example.hhah.addActivity"
         >
            <!-- main主入口   -->
            <intent-filter>
                <action android:name="android.intent.action.add" />

                <category android:name="android.intent.category.DEFAULT" />
            </intent-filter>
        </activity>
        
     
    </application>

好做到这里,添加功能就实现了,那么之后的博客,会对其他功能进行实现,也会逐步的对界面进行美化,毕竟现在这个界面是在是难以入目。。。

 

转载于:https://www.cnblogs.com/zhang188660586/p/10588758.html

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