使用友盟推送,别名(alias)推送

版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,未经博主允许不得转载。 https://blog.csdn.net/baidu_38990811/article/details/80256927

前言:公司要做app推送,选择了友盟,刚接触推送这一块,也不怎么熟悉,碰到了一些问题,比如友盟推送是分平台:Android和IOS都是不同的key和secret.然后就是如果想在本地测试,那么就要去友盟后台关闭白名单......等等

特别是刚接触的同学特别需要注意是:

1.deviceToken是IOS或者Android来获取传递给我们的,不是我们自己能获取的.

2.如果需要使用别名推送,那么也是IOS或者Android来将deviceToken和用户的唯一属性进行绑定的,不需要我们后端处理,但是每次绑定的时候,是需要几分钟左右,友盟那边才会生成,不是秒级的,他们绑定后,我们会定义一个别名类型,他们定义好后,会提供给我们.我们只需要将这个值赋予alias_type就行.

3.友盟提供的demo中就有利用token推送,也有广播推送,但是没提供别名推送

API消息推送常见问题及解决方法小览:http://bbs.umeng.com/thread-10472-1-1.html

接口调用错误码详解:http://dev.umeng.com/push/android/api-doc#4_8

参考网址:https://blog.csdn.net/weilai_zhilu/article/details/77976015

这里我就只提供别名推送:

 

import java.util.ResourceBundle;

import com.alibaba.fastjson.JSONObject;

public class PushUtil {
	private static String appAndroidkey = "";
	private static String appAndroidMasterSecret = "";
	
	private static String appIOSkey = "";
	private static String appIOSMasterSecret = "";
	
	private static String aliasType = "";	//别名类型,与手机端统一的一个自定义类型 值可随便写但必须统一
	
	// http接口:http://msg.umeng.com/api/send
	// https接口:https://msgapi.umeng.com/api/send
	private static String url = "";
	private static boolean mode = false;	//模式 true正式模式;false测试模式
	private static PushClient client = new PushClient();
	
	static {
		if(appAndroidkey.equals("")) {
			ResourceBundle resource = ResourceBundle.getBundle("push");
			appAndroidkey = resource.getString("appAndroidkey");
			appAndroidMasterSecret = resource.getString("appAndroidMasterSecret");
			appAndroidkey = resource.getString("appIOSkey");
			appAndroidMasterSecret = resource.getString("appIOSMasterSecret");
			aliasType = resource.getString("aliasType");
			url = resource.getString("url");
			mode = resource.getObject("mode") == "true" ? true : false;
		}
	}
	
	/**
	 * 发送安卓别名推送通知
	 * 
	 * @author zhy
	 * @param alias 别名
	 * @param title 大标题
	 * @param text 内容
	 * @throws Exception
	 */
	public static void sendAndroidCustomizedcast(String alias, String title, String text) throws Exception {
		JSONObject paramMap = new JSONObject();
		paramMap.put("appkey", appAndroidkey);
		String timestamp = Integer.toString((int)(System.currentTimeMillis() / 1000));
		paramMap.put("timestamp", timestamp);
		paramMap.put("type", "customizedcast");
		paramMap.put("alias", alias);
		paramMap.put("alias_type", aliasType);
		
		JSONObject payload = new JSONObject();
		payload.put("display_type", "notification");
		
		JSONObject body = new JSONObject();
		//body.put("ticker", UserControllerUtil.getUserColumn(alias, "deviceTokens"));
		body.put("title", title);
		body.put("text", text);
		body.put("after_open", "go_custom");
		payload.put("body", body);
		paramMap.put("payload", payload);
		paramMap.put("production_mode", mode);
		client.send(url, paramMap.toJSONString(), appAndroidMasterSecret);
	}
	
	/**
	 * 发送苹果别名推送通知
	 * 
	 * @author zhy
	 * @param alias 别名
	 * @param title 大标题
	 * @param body 内容
	 * @throws Exception
	 */
	public static void sendIOSCustomizedcast(String alias, String title, String body) throws Exception {
        JSONObject paramMap = new JSONObject();  
        paramMap.put("appkey", appIOSkey);  
        String timestamp = Integer.toString((int)(System.currentTimeMillis() / 1000));  
        paramMap.put("timestamp", timestamp);  
        paramMap.put("type", "customizedcast");  
        paramMap.put("alias", alias);  
        paramMap.put("alias_type", aliasType);  
          
        JSONObject payload = new JSONObject();  
        payload.put("display_type", "notification");  
          
        JSONObject aps = new JSONObject();  
        JSONObject alert = new JSONObject();  
        alert.put("title", title);  
        alert.put("body", body);  
          
        aps.put("alert", alert);  
        aps.put("sound", "default");  
          
        payload.put("aps", aps);  
          
        //paramMap.put("description", "消息111");  
        paramMap.put("payload", payload);  
        paramMap.put("production_mode", mode);  
        client.send(url, paramMap.toJSONString(), appIOSMasterSecret);  
	}
	
	public static void main(String[] args) {
		try {
			sendIOSCustomizedcast("别名", "标题","内容");
		} catch (Exception ex) {
			ex.printStackTrace();
			//如果在本地要测试,则去友盟后台取消白名单,然后mode设置为true(正式环境).即可发送成功
			/**
			 * 本地的json数据,
			 */
			//{"alias":"17671632486","alias_type":"CoinLa.PhoneNumber","appkey":"5a9fa4dbf43e48028e000237",
			//"description":"测试消息111","payload":{"aps":{"alert":{"body":"测试消息1111","title":"测试消息"},"badge":1,"sound":"default"},
			//"display_type":"notification"},"production_mode":true,"timestamp":"1525855267","type":"customizedcast"}
			/**
			 * 线上测试的json数据
			 */
			//{"policy":{"expire_time":"2018-05-12 16:32:52"},"description":"阿达",
			//"production_mode":true,"appkey":"5a9fa4dbf43e48028e000237",
			//"payload":{"aps":{"alert":{"title":"阿达","subtitle":"阿达","body":"阿达"},"sound":"default"}},
			//"alias":"17671632486","alias_type":"CoinLa.PhoneNumber","type":"customizedcast","timestamp":"1525854888505"}
		}

	}

}

发送类:

import java.io.BufferedReader;
import java.io.InputStreamReader;

import org.apache.commons.codec.digest.DigestUtils;
import org.apache.http.HttpResponse;
import org.apache.http.client.HttpClient;
import org.apache.http.client.methods.HttpPost;
import org.apache.http.entity.StringEntity;
import org.apache.http.impl.client.DefaultHttpClient;
import org.apache.log4j.LogManager;
import org.apache.log4j.Logger;


public class PushClient {
	
	private Logger log = LogManager.getLogger(PushClient.class);
	
	// The user agent
	protected final String USER_AGENT = "Mozilla/5.0";

	// This object is used for sending the post request to Umeng
	protected HttpClient client = new DefaultHttpClient();
	
	public boolean send(String url, String postBody, String appIOSMasterSecret) throws Exception {
        String sign = DigestUtils.md5Hex(("POST" + url + postBody + appIOSMasterSecret).getBytes("utf8"));
        url = url + "?sign=" + sign;
        HttpPost post = new HttpPost(url);
        post.setHeader("User-Agent", USER_AGENT);
        StringEntity se = new StringEntity(postBody, "UTF-8");
        post.setEntity(se);
        // Send the post request and get the response
        HttpResponse response = client.execute(post);
        int status = response.getStatusLine().getStatusCode();
        log.debug(String.format("Response Code : %s", status));
        BufferedReader rd = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(response.getEntity().getContent()));
        StringBuffer result = new StringBuffer();
        String line = "";
        while ((line = rd.readLine()) != null) {
            result.append(line);
        }
        System.out.println(result.toString());
        if (status == 200) {
        	 log.debug("success");
        } else {
        	 log.debug("fail");
        }
        return true;
	}
}

pom:

<dependency>
    <groupId>org.apache.httpcomponents</groupId>
    <artifactId>httpclient</artifactId>
    <version>4.3.5</version>
</dependency>
<dependency>
    <groupId>com.alibaba</groupId>
    <artifactId>fastjson</artifactId>
    <version>1.2.31</version>
</dependency>

 

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