mysql的c++封装类

//.h
////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
// CppMysql - A C++ wrapper around the mysql database library.
//
// Copyright (c) 2009 Rob Groves. All Rights Reserved. lizp.net@gmail.com
//
// Permission to use, copy, modify, and distribute this software and its
// documentation for any purpose, without fee, and without a written
// agreement, is hereby granted, provided that the above copyright notice,
// this paragraph and the following two paragraphs appear in all copies,
// modifications, and distributions.
//
// IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR BE LIABLE TO ANY PARTY FOR DIRECT,
// INDIRECT, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, INCLUDING LOST
// PROFITS, ARISING OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE AND ITS DOCUMENTATION,
// EVEN IF THE AUTHOR HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
//
// THE AUTHOR SPECIFICALLY DISCLAIMS ANY WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT
// LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A
// PARTICULAR PURPOSE. THE SOFTWARE AND ACCOMPANYING DOCUMENTATION, IF
// ANY, PROVIDED HEREUNDER IS PROVIDED "AS IS". THE AUTHOR HAS NO OBLIGATION
// TO PROVIDE MAINTENANCE, SUPPORT, UPDATES, ENHANCEMENTS, OR MODIFICATIONS.
//
// u can use it for anything, but u must show the source
// frome http://blog.csdn.net/bat603
// by ben
// if u find some questions, please tell me with email
//
// V1.0  18/09/2009 -Initial Version for cppmysql
////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
#ifndef _CPP_MYSQL_1_H_
#define _CPP_MYSQL_1_H_
#include "mysql.h"

typedef unsigned int u_int;
typedef unsigned long u_long;
typedef MYSQL*  DB_HANDLE;
class CppMySQL3DB;
class CppMySQLQuery
{
 friend class CppMySQL3DB;
public:
    CppMySQLQuery();
 //当执行拷贝构造函数后,括号里的类已经无效,不能再使用
    CppMySQLQuery(CppMySQLQuery& rQuery);
 //当执行赋值构造函数后,=右边的类已经无效,不能再使用
    CppMySQLQuery& operator=(CppMySQLQuery& rQuery);
    virtual ~CppMySQLQuery();
 u_long numRow();//多少行
    int numFields();//多少列
    int fieldIndex(const char* szField);
 //0...n-1列
    const char* fieldName(int nCol);
 //   const char* fieldDeclType(int nCol);
 //   int fieldDataType(int nCol);
 u_long seekRow(u_long offerset);
    int getIntField(int nField, int nNullValue=0);
    int getIntField(const char* szField, int nNullValue=0);
    double getFloatField(int nField, double fNullValue=0.0);
    double getFloatField(const char* szField, double fNullValue=0.0);
 //0...n-1列
    const char* getStringField(int nField, const char* szNullValue="");
    const char* getStringField(const char* szField, const char* szNullValue="");
    const unsigned char* getBlobField(int nField, int& nLen);
    const unsigned char* getBlobField(const char* szField, int& nLen);
    bool fieldIsNull(int nField);
    bool fieldIsNull(const char* szField);
    bool eof();
    void nextRow();
    void finalize();
private:
 void freeRes();
    void checkVM();
private:
 MYSQL_RES*  _mysql_res;
 MYSQL_FIELD* _field;
 MYSQL_ROW  _row;
 u_long   _row_count;
 u_int   _field_count;

};
class CppMySQL3DB
{
public:
    CppMySQL3DB();
    virtual ~CppMySQL3DB();
    int open(const char* host, const char* user, const char* passwd, const char* db,
  unsigned int port = 0, unsigned long client_flag = 0);
    void close();
 /* 返回句柄 */
 MYSQL* getMysql();
 /* 处理返回多行的查询,返回影响的行数 */
 //返回引用是因为在CppMySQLQuery的赋值构造函数中要把成员变量_mysql_res置为空
 CppMySQLQuery& querySQL(const char *sql);
 /* 执行非返回结果查询 */
 int execSQL(const char* sql);
 /* 测试mysql服务器是否存活 */
 int ping();
 /* 关闭mysql 服务器 */
 int shutDown();
 /* 主要功能:重新启动mysql 服务器 */
 int reboot();
 /*
 * 说明:事务支持InnoDB or BDB表类型
    */
 /* 主要功能:开始事务 */
 int startTransaction();
 /* 主要功能:提交事务 */
 int commit();
 /* 主要功能:回滚事务 */
 int rollback();
 /* 得到客户信息 */
 const char * getClientInfo();
 /* 主要功能:得到客户版本信息 */
 const unsigned long  getClientVersion();
 /* 主要功能:得到主机信息 */
 const char * getHostInfo();
 /* 主要功能:得到服务器信息 */
 const char * getServerInfo();
 /*主要功能:得到服务器版本信息*/
 const unsigned long  getServerVersion();
 /*主要功能:得到 当前连接的默认字符集*/
 const char *  getCharacterSetName();
 /* 得到系统时间 */
 const char * getSysTime();
 /* 建立新数据库 */
 int createDB(const char* name);
 /* 删除制定的数据库*/
 int dropDB(const char* name);
 bool tableExists(const char* table);
    u_int lastRowId();
    void setBusyTimeout(int nMillisecs){};
private:
    CppMySQL3DB(const CppMySQL3DB& db);
    CppMySQL3DB& operator=(const CppMySQL3DB& db);
    void checkDB();
private:
 /* msyql 连接句柄 */
 MYSQL* _db_ptr;
 CppMySQLQuery _db_query;
};
#endif
 
 
//.cpp
///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
// CppMysql - A C++ wrapper around the mysql database library.
//
// Copyright (c) 2009 Rob Groves. All Rights Reserved. lizp.net@gmail.com
//
// Permission to use, copy, modify, and distribute this software and its
// documentation for any purpose, without fee, and without a written
// agreement, is hereby granted, provided that the above copyright notice,
// this paragraph and the following two paragraphs appear in all copies,
// modifications, and distributions.
//
// IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR BE LIABLE TO ANY PARTY FOR DIRECT,
// INDIRECT, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, INCLUDING LOST
// PROFITS, ARISING OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE AND ITS DOCUMENTATION,
// EVEN IF THE AUTHOR HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
//
// THE AUTHOR SPECIFICALLY DISCLAIMS ANY WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT
// LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A
// PARTICULAR PURPOSE. THE SOFTWARE AND ACCOMPANYING DOCUMENTATION, IF
// ANY, PROVIDED HEREUNDER IS PROVIDED "AS IS". THE AUTHOR HAS NO OBLIGATION
// TO PROVIDE MAINTENANCE, SUPPORT, UPDATES, ENHANCEMENTS, OR MODIFICATIONS.
//
// u can use it for anything, but u must show the source
// frome http://rainfish.cublog.cn
// by ben
//
// V1.0  18/09/2009 -Initial Version for cppmysql
////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
#include "cppmysql.h"
#include <string.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdio.h>

CppMySQLQuery::CppMySQLQuery()
{
 _mysql_res = NULL;
 _field = NULL;
 _row = NULL;
 _row_count = 0;
 _field_count = 0;
}
CppMySQLQuery::CppMySQLQuery(CppMySQLQuery& rQuery)
{
 *this = rQuery;
}
CppMySQLQuery& CppMySQLQuery::operator=(CppMySQLQuery& rQuery)
{
 if ( this == &rQuery )
  return *this;
 _mysql_res = rQuery._mysql_res;
 _row = NULL;
 _row_count = 0;
 _field_count = 0;
 _field = NULL;
 if ( _mysql_res != NULL )
 {
  //定位游标位置到第一个位置
  mysql_data_seek(_mysql_res, 0);
  _row =  mysql_fetch_row( _mysql_res );
  _row_count = mysql_num_rows( _mysql_res );
   //得到字段数量
  _field_count = mysql_num_fields( _mysql_res );
 }
 rQuery._mysql_res = NULL;
 rQuery._field = NULL;
 rQuery._row = NULL;
 rQuery._row_count = 0;
 rQuery._field_count = 0;
 return *this;
}
CppMySQLQuery::~CppMySQLQuery()
{
 freeRes();
}
void CppMySQLQuery::freeRes()
{
 if ( _mysql_res != NULL )
 {
  mysql_free_result(_mysql_res);
  _mysql_res = NULL;
 }
}
u_long CppMySQLQuery::numRow()
{
 return _row_count;
}
int CppMySQLQuery::numFields()
{
 return _field_count;
}
u_long CppMySQLQuery::seekRow(u_long offerset)
{
 if ( offerset < 0 )
  offerset = 0;
 if ( offerset >= _row_count )
  offerset = _row_count -1;
 mysql_data_seek(_mysql_res, offerset);
 
 _row = mysql_fetch_row(_mysql_res);
 return offerset;
}
int CppMySQLQuery::fieldIndex(const char* szField)
{
 if ( NULL == _mysql_res )
  return -1;
 if ( NULL == szField )
  return -1;
 mysql_field_seek(_mysql_res, 0);//定位到第0列
 u_int i = 0;
 while ( i < _field_count )
 {
  _field = mysql_fetch_field( _mysql_res );
  if ( _field != NULL && strcmp(_field->name, szField) == 0 )//找到
   return i;
  i++;
 }
 return -1;
}
const char* CppMySQLQuery::fieldName(int nCol)
{
 if ( _mysql_res == NULL )
  return NULL;
 mysql_field_seek(_mysql_res, nCol);
 _field = mysql_fetch_field(_mysql_res);
 if ( _field != NULL )
  return _field->name;
 else
  return  NULL;
}
int CppMySQLQuery::getIntField(int nField, int nNullValue/*=0*/)
{
 if ( NULL == _mysql_res )
  return nNullValue;
 
 if ( nField + 1 > (int)_field_count )
  return nNullValue;
 
 if ( NULL == _row )
  return nNullValue;
 
 return atoi(_row[nField]);
}
int CppMySQLQuery::getIntField(const char* szField, int nNullValue/*=0*/)
{
 if ( NULL == _mysql_res || NULL == szField )
  return nNullValue;
 
 if ( NULL == _row )
  return nNullValue;
 const char* filed = getStringField(szField);
 if ( NULL == filed )
  return nNullValue;
 return atoi(filed);
}
const char* CppMySQLQuery::getStringField(int nField, const char* szNullValue/*=""*/)
{
 if ( NULL == _mysql_res )
  return szNullValue;
 if ( nField + 1 > (int)_field_count )
  return szNullValue;
 if ( NULL == _row )
  return szNullValue;
 return _row[nField];
}
   
const char* CppMySQLQuery::getStringField(const char* szField, const char* szNullValue/*=""*/)
{
 if ( NULL == _mysql_res )
  return szNullValue;
 int nField = fieldIndex(szField);
 if ( nField == -1 )
  return szNullValue;
 
 return getStringField(nField);
}
double CppMySQLQuery::getFloatField(int nField, double fNullValue/*=0.0*/)
{
 const char* field = getStringField(nField);
 if ( NULL == field )
  return fNullValue;
 return atol(field);
}
 
double CppMySQLQuery::getFloatField(const char* szField, double fNullValue/*=0.0*/)
{
 const char* field = getStringField(szField);
 if ( NULL == field )
  return fNullValue;
 return atol(field);
}
void CppMySQLQuery::nextRow()
{
 if ( NULL == _mysql_res )
  return;
 _row = mysql_fetch_row(_mysql_res);
}
bool CppMySQLQuery::eof()
{
 if ( _row == NULL )
  return true;
 return false;
}
CppMySQL3DB::CppMySQL3DB()
{
 _db_ptr = NULL;
}
CppMySQL3DB::~CppMySQL3DB()
{
 if ( _db_ptr != NULL )
 {
  close();
 }
}
int CppMySQL3DB::open(const char* host, const char* user, const char* passwd, const char* db,
  unsigned int port /*= 0*/, unsigned long client_flag /*= 0*/)
{
 int ret = -1;
 _db_ptr = mysql_init(NULL);
 if( NULL == _db_ptr )
  goto EXT;
 
 //如果连接失败,返回NULL。对于成功的连接,返回值与第1个参数的值相同。
 if ( NULL == mysql_real_connect( _db_ptr, host, user, passwd, db,port, NULL, client_flag) )
  goto EXT;
 //选择制定的数据库失败
 //0表示成功,非0值表示出现错误。
 if ( mysql_select_db( _db_ptr, db ) != 0 )
 {
  mysql_close(_db_ptr);
  _db_ptr = NULL;
  goto EXT;
 }
 ret = 0;
EXT:
 //初始化mysql结构失败
 if ( ret == -1 && _db_ptr != NULL )
 {
  mysql_close( _db_ptr );
  _db_ptr = NULL;
 }
 return ret;
}
void CppMySQL3DB::close()
{
 if ( _db_ptr != NULL )
 {
  mysql_close( _db_ptr );
  _db_ptr = NULL;
 }
}
MYSQL* CppMySQL3DB::getMysql()
{
 return _db_ptr;
}
/* 处理返回多行的查询,返回影响的行数 */
CppMySQLQuery& CppMySQL3DB::querySQL(const char *sql)
{
 if ( !mysql_real_query( _db_ptr, sql, strlen(sql) ) )
 {
  _db_query._mysql_res = mysql_store_result( _db_ptr );
//   _db_query._row =  mysql_fetch_row( _db_query._mysql_res );
//   _db_query._row_count = mysql_num_rows( _db_query._mysql_res );
//   //得到字段数量
//   _db_query._field_count = mysql_num_fields( _db_query._mysql_res );
 }
 return _db_query;
}
/* 执行非返回结果查询 */
int CppMySQL3DB::execSQL(const char* sql)
{
 if( !mysql_real_query( _db_ptr, sql, strlen(sql) ) )
 {
  //得到受影响的行数
  return (int)mysql_affected_rows(_db_ptr) ;
 }
 else
 {
  //执行查询失败
  return -1;
 }
}
/* 测试mysql服务器是否存活 */
int CppMySQL3DB::ping()
{
 if( mysql_ping(_db_ptr) == 0 )
  return 0;
 else
  return -1;
}
/* 关闭mysql 服务器 */
int CppMySQL3DB::shutDown()
{
 if( mysql_shutdown(_db_ptr,SHUTDOWN_DEFAULT) == 0 )
  return 0;
 else
  return -1;
}
/* 主要功能:重新启动mysql 服务器 */
int CppMySQL3DB::reboot()
{
 if(!mysql_reload(_db_ptr))
  return 0;
 else
  return -1;
}
/*
* 说明:事务支持InnoDB or BDB表类型
*/
/* 主要功能:开始事务 */
int CppMySQL3DB::startTransaction()
{
 if(!mysql_real_query(_db_ptr, "START TRANSACTION" ,
  (unsigned long)strlen("START TRANSACTION") ))
 {
  return 0;
 }
 else
  //执行查询失败
  return -1;
}
/* 主要功能:提交事务 */
int CppMySQL3DB::commit()
{
 if(!mysql_real_query( _db_ptr, "COMMIT",
  (unsigned long)strlen("COMMIT") ) )
 {
  return 0;
 }
 else     
  //执行查询失败
  return -1;
}
/* 主要功能:回滚事务 */
int CppMySQL3DB::rollback()
{
 if(!mysql_real_query(_db_ptr, "ROLLBACK",
  (unsigned long)strlen("ROLLBACK") ) )
  return 0;
 else 
  //执行查询失败
  return -1;
}
/* 得到客户信息 */
const char * CppMySQL3DB::getClientInfo()
{
 return mysql_get_client_info();
}
/* 主要功能:得到客户版本信息 */
const unsigned long  CppMySQL3DB::getClientVersion()
{
 return mysql_get_client_version();
}
/* 主要功能:得到主机信息 */
const char * CppMySQL3DB::getHostInfo()
{
 return mysql_get_host_info(_db_ptr);
}
/* 主要功能:得到服务器信息 */
const char * CppMySQL3DB::getServerInfo()
{
 return mysql_get_server_info( _db_ptr );
}
/*主要功能:得到服务器版本信息*/
const unsigned long  CppMySQL3DB::getServerVersion()
{
 return mysql_get_server_version(_db_ptr);
}
/*主要功能:得到 当前连接的默认字符集*/
const char *  CppMySQL3DB::getCharacterSetName()
{
 return mysql_character_set_name(_db_ptr);
}
/* 得到系统时间 */
const char * CppMySQL3DB::getSysTime()
{
 //return ExecQueryGetSingValue("select now()");
 return NULL;
}
/* 建立新数据库 */
int CppMySQL3DB::createDB(const char* name)
{
 char temp[1024];
 sprintf(temp, "CREATE DATABASE %s", name);
 if(!mysql_real_query( _db_ptr, temp, strlen(temp)) )
  return 0;
 
 else
  //执行查询失败
  return -1;
}
/* 删除制定的数据库*/
int CppMySQL3DB::dropDB(const char*  name)
{
 char temp[1024];
 
 sprintf(temp, "DROP DATABASE %s", name);
 if(!mysql_real_query( _db_ptr, temp, strlen(temp)) )
  return 0;
 else
  //执行查询失败
  return -1;
}
bool CppMySQL3DB::tableExists(const char* table)
{
 return false;
}
u_int CppMySQL3DB::lastRowId()
{
 return 0;
}
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版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,未经博主允许不得转载。 https://blog.csdn.net/bat603/article/details/4699264
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