C# 对菜单进行自定义样式

版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,未经博主允许不得转载。 https://blog.csdn.net/bdmh/article/details/7489314

Windows一成不变的菜单样式,让很多开发者,在追求视觉效果时,感到很纠结,可能最常用的方法就是贴图,或者自己自定义组件来实现。在C#中,微软提供了Render来对菜单和工具栏进行美化,正好工作中用到了这个,写出来共享。

新建一个类,定义一个颜色配置类,目前这里只是罗列了各个部分的颜色,大家可以进行保存读取等操作,来实现换肤的效果。

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
using System.Drawing;

namespace WindowsApplication1
{
    public class ColorConfig
    {
        private Color _fontcolor = Color.White;
        /// <summary>
        /// 菜单字体颜色
        /// </summary>
        public Color FontColor
        {
            get { return this._fontcolor; }
            set { this._fontcolor = value; }
        }
        private Color _marginstartcolor = Color.FromArgb(113, 113, 113);
        /// <summary>
        /// 下拉菜单坐标图标区域开始颜色
        /// </summary>
        public Color MarginStartColor
        {
            get { return this._marginstartcolor; }
            set { this._marginstartcolor = value; }
        }
        private Color _marginendcolor = Color.FromArgb(58, 58, 58);
        /// <summary>
        /// 下拉菜单坐标图标区域结束颜色
        /// </summary>
        public Color MarginEndColor
        {
            get { return this._marginendcolor; }
            set { this._marginendcolor = value; }
        }
        private Color _dropdownitembackcolor = Color.FromArgb(34, 34, 34);
        /// <summary>
        /// 下拉项背景颜色
        /// </summary>
        public Color DropDownItemBackColor
        {
            get { return this._dropdownitembackcolor; }
            set { this._dropdownitembackcolor = value; }
        }
        private Color _dropdownitemstartcolor = Color.Orange;
        /// <summary>
        /// 下拉项选中时开始颜色
        /// </summary>
        public Color DropDownItemStartColor
        {
            get { return this._dropdownitemstartcolor; }
            set { this._dropdownitemstartcolor = value; }
        }
        private Color _dorpdownitemendcolor = Color.FromArgb(160,100,20);
        /// <summary>
        /// 下拉项选中时结束颜色
        /// </summary>
        public Color DropDownItemEndColor
        {
            get { return this._dorpdownitemendcolor; }
            set { this._dorpdownitemendcolor = value; }
        }
        private Color _menuitemstartcolor = Color.FromArgb(52, 106, 159);
        /// <summary>
        /// 主菜单项选中时的开始颜色
        /// </summary>
        public Color MenuItemStartColor
        {
            get { return this._menuitemstartcolor; }
            set { this._menuitemstartcolor = value; }
        }
        private Color _menuitemendcolor = Color.FromArgb(73, 124, 174);
        /// <summary>
        /// 主菜单项选中时的结束颜色
        /// </summary>
        public Color MenuItemEndColor
        {
            get { return this._menuitemendcolor; }
            set { this._menuitemendcolor = value; }
        }
        private Color _separatorcolor = Color.Gray;
        /// <summary>
        /// 分割线颜色
        /// </summary>
        public Color SeparatorColor
        {
            get { return this._separatorcolor; }
            set { this._separatorcolor = value; }
        }
        private Color _mainmenubackcolor = Color.Black;
        /// <summary>
        /// 主菜单背景色
        /// </summary>
        public Color MainMenuBackColor
        {
            get { return this._mainmenubackcolor; }
            set { this._mainmenubackcolor = value; }
        }
        private Color _mainmenustartcolor = Color.FromArgb(93, 93, 93);
        /// <summary>
        /// 主菜单背景开始颜色
        /// </summary>
        public Color MainMenuStartColor
        {
            get { return this._mainmenustartcolor; }
            set { this._mainmenustartcolor = value; }
        }
        private Color _mainmenuendcolor = Color.FromArgb(34, 34, 34);
        /// <summary>
        /// 主菜单背景结束颜色
        /// </summary>
        public Color MainMenuEndColor
        {
            get { return this._mainmenuendcolor; }
            set { this._mainmenuendcolor = value; }
        }
        private Color _dropdownborder = Color.FromArgb(40, 96, 151);
        /// <summary>
        /// 下拉区域边框颜色
        /// </summary>
        public Color DropDownBorder
        {
            get { return this._dropdownborder; }
            set { this._dropdownborder = value; }
        }
    }
}

新建一个类,我们从ToolStripProfessionalRenderer继承一个Render

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
using System.Windows.Forms;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Drawing.Drawing2D;

namespace WindowsApplication1
{
    public class MyMenuRender : ToolStripProfessionalRenderer
    {
        ColorConfig colorconfig = new ColorConfig();//创建颜色配置类
        /// <summary>
        /// 渲染整个背景
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="e"></param>
        protected override void OnRenderToolStripBackground(ToolStripRenderEventArgs e)
        {
            e.ToolStrip.ForeColor = colorconfig.FontColor;
            //如果是下拉
            if (e.ToolStrip is ToolStripDropDown)
            {
                e.Graphics.FillRectangle(new SolidBrush(colorconfig.DropDownItemBackColor), e.AffectedBounds);
            }
            //如果是菜单项
            else if (e.ToolStrip is MenuStrip)
            {
                Blend blend = new Blend();
                float[] fs = new float[5] { 0f, 0.3f, 0.5f, 0.8f, 1f };
                float[] f = new float[5] { 0f, 0.5f, 0.9f, 0.5f, 0f };
                blend.Positions = fs;
                blend.Factors = f;
                FillLineGradient(e.Graphics, e.AffectedBounds, colorconfig.MainMenuStartColor, colorconfig.MainMenuEndColor, 90f, blend);
            }
            else
            {
                base.OnRenderToolStripBackground(e);
            }
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// 渲染下拉左侧图标区域
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="e"></param>
        protected override void OnRenderImageMargin(ToolStripRenderEventArgs e)
        {
            FillLineGradient(e.Graphics, e.AffectedBounds, colorconfig.MarginStartColor, colorconfig.MarginEndColor, 0f, null);
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// 渲染菜单项的背景
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="e"></param>
        protected override void OnRenderMenuItemBackground(ToolStripItemRenderEventArgs e)
        {
            if (e.ToolStrip is MenuStrip)
            {
                //如果被选中或被按下
                if (e.Item.Selected || e.Item.Pressed)
                {
                    Blend blend = new Blend();
                    float[] fs = new float[5] { 0f, 0.3f, 0.5f, 0.8f, 1f };
                    float[] f = new float[5] { 0f, 0.5f, 1f, 0.5f, 0f };
                    blend.Positions = fs;
                    blend.Factors = f;
                    FillLineGradient(e.Graphics, new Rectangle(0, 0, e.Item.Size.Width, e.Item.Size.Height), colorconfig.MenuItemStartColor, colorconfig.MenuItemEndColor, 90f, blend);
                }
                else
                    base.OnRenderMenuItemBackground(e);
            }
            else if (e.ToolStrip is ToolStripDropDown)
            {
                if (e.Item.Selected)
                {
                    FillLineGradient(e.Graphics, new Rectangle(0, 0, e.Item.Size.Width, e.Item.Size.Height), colorconfig.DropDownItemStartColor, colorconfig.DropDownItemEndColor, 90f, null);
                }
            }
            else
            {
                base.OnRenderMenuItemBackground(e);
            }
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// 渲染菜单项的分隔线
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="e"></param>
        protected override void OnRenderSeparator(ToolStripSeparatorRenderEventArgs e)
        {
            e.Graphics.DrawLine(new Pen(colorconfig.SeparatorColor), 0, 2, e.Item.Width, 2);
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// 渲染边框
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="e"></param>
        protected override void OnRenderToolStripBorder(ToolStripRenderEventArgs e)
        {
            if (e.ToolStrip is ToolStripDropDown)
            {
                e.Graphics.DrawRectangle(new Pen(colorconfig.DropDownBorder), new Rectangle(0,0,e.AffectedBounds.Width-1,e.AffectedBounds.Height-1));
            }
            else
            {
                base.OnRenderToolStripBorder(e);
            }
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// 渲染箭头
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="e"></param>
        protected override void OnRenderArrow(ToolStripArrowRenderEventArgs e)
        {
            e.ArrowColor = Color.Red;//设置为红色,当然还可以 画出各种形状
            base.OnRenderArrow(e);
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// 填充线性渐变
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="g">画布</param>
        /// <param name="rect">填充区域</param>
        /// <param name="startcolor">开始颜色</param>
        /// <param name="endcolor">结束颜色</param>
        /// <param name="angle">角度</param>
        /// <param name="blend">对象的混合图案</param>
        private void FillLineGradient(Graphics g, Rectangle rect, Color startcolor, Color endcolor, float angle, Blend blend)
        {
            LinearGradientBrush linebrush = new LinearGradientBrush(rect, startcolor, endcolor, angle);
            if (blend != null)
            {
                linebrush.Blend = blend;
            }
            GraphicsPath path = new GraphicsPath();
            path.AddRectangle(rect);
            g.SmoothingMode = SmoothingMode.AntiAlias;
            g.FillPath(linebrush, path);
        }
    }
}

新建一个组件,继承自MenuStrip,作为我们的自定义菜单

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.ComponentModel;
using System.Diagnostics;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
using System.Windows.Forms;

namespace WindowsApplication1
{
    public partial class MyMenu : MenuStrip
    {
        public MyMenu()
        {
            InitializeComponent();
            this.Renderer = new MyMenuRender();//设置渲染
        }

        public MyMenu(IContainer container)
        {
            container.Add(this);

            InitializeComponent();
            this.Renderer = new MyMenuRender();//设置渲染
        }
    }
}

好了,编译项目,你会在左侧工具栏中看到MyMenu的组件,拖一个上去就可以使用了,其实直接设置自带的MenuStrip的Render属性也可以,比如设置弹出菜单的渲染

contextMenuStrip1.Renderer = new JRJMenuRender();


展开阅读全文

没有更多推荐了,返回首页