Pygame之五子棋和贪吃蛇游戏设计

版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,遵循 CC 4.0 BY-SA 版权协议,转载请附上原文出处链接和本声明。
本文链接:https://blog.csdn.net/beichen0518/article/details/79572457

面向对象编程之五子棋

import pygame
EMPTY = 100
BLACK = 1
WHITE = 10
black_color = [0, 0, 0]
white_color = [255, 255, 255]


class RenjuBoard(object):

    def __init__(self):
        self._board = [[]] * 15
        self.reset()

    def reset(self):
        for row in range(len(self._board)):
            self._board[row] = [EMPTY] * 15

    def draw(self, screen):
        for index in range(1, 16):
            pygame.draw.line(screen, black_color, [40, 40 * index], [600, 40 * index], 1)
            pygame.draw.line(screen, black_color, [40 * index, 40], [40 * index, 600], 1)
        pygame.draw.rect(screen, black_color, [36, 36, 568, 568], 4)  # 36,36表示起点的横纵坐标,568,568表示矩形的长宽
        pygame.draw.circle(screen, black_color, [320, 320], 5, 0)  # 5表示半径,0表示线条是实心
        pygame.draw.circle(screen, black_color, [160, 160], 5, 0)
        pygame.draw.circle(screen, black_color, [480, 480], 5, 0)
        pygame.draw.circle(screen, black_color, [480, 160], 5, 0)
        pygame.draw.circle(screen, black_color, [160, 480], 5, 0)
        for row in range(len(self._board)):
            for col in range(len(self._board[row])):
                if self._board[row][col] != EMPTY:
                    ccolor = black_color \
                        if self._board[row][col] == BLACK else white_color
                    pos = [40 * (col + 1), 40 * (row + 1)]
                    pygame.draw.circle(screen, ccolor, pos, 20, 0)

    def move(self,row,col,is_black):
        if self._board[row][col] == EMPTY:
            self._board[row][col] = BLACK if is_black else WHITE
            return True
        return False

    def judge(self):
        my_sum = 0
        for row in range(len(self._board)):
            for col in range(len(self._board[row])):
                if row + 4 <= 14:
                    my_sum = 0
                    for x in range(5):
                        my_sum += self._board[row + x][col]
                        if my_sum == 5:
                            return 1
                        elif my_sum == 50:
                            return 2
                if row - 4 >= 0:
                    my_sum = 0
                    for x in range(5):
                        my_sum += self._board[row - x][col]
                        if my_sum == 5:
                            return 1
                        elif my_sum == 50:
                            return 2
                if col + 4 <= 14:
                    my_sum = 0
                    for x in range(5):
                        my_sum += self._board[row ][col + x]
                        if my_sum == 5:
                            return 1
                        elif my_sum == 50:
                            return 2
                if col - 4 >= 0:
                    my_sum = 0
                    for x in range(5):
                        my_sum += self._board[row ][col - x]
                        if my_sum == 5:
                            return 1
                        elif my_sum == 50:
                            return 2
                if row + 4 <= 14 and col + 4 <= 14:
                    my_sum = 0
                    for x in range(5):
                        my_sum += self._board[row + x][col + x]
                        if my_sum == 5:
                            return 1
                        elif my_sum == 50:
                            return 2
                if row - 4 >= 0 and col + 4 <= 14:
                    my_sum = 0
                    for x in range(5):
                        my_sum += self._board[row - x][col + x]
                        if my_sum == 5:
                            return 1
                        elif my_sum == 50:
                            return 2
                if row + 4 <= 14 and col - 4 >= 0:
                    my_sum = 0
                    for x in range(5):
                        my_sum += self._board[row + x][col - x]
                        if my_sum == 5:
                            return 1
                        elif my_sum == 50:
                            return 2
                if row - 4 >= 0 and col - 4 >= 0:
                    my_sum = 0
                    for x in range(5):
                        my_sum += self._board[row - x][col - x]
                        if my_sum == 5:
                            return 1
                        elif my_sum == 50:
                            return 2
        return 0


def main():

    def show_font(font, winer, screen):
        over_text = font.render('游戏结束,%s方胜,请选择重新游戏R或退出游戏Q' % winer,
                                True, [0, 0, 0], [242, 242, 242])
        over_board = over_text.get_rect()
        over_board.center = (320, 320)
        screen.blit(over_text, over_board)
        pygame.display.update()

    pygame.init()
    over_font = pygame.font.SysFont('SimHei', 24)
    is_black = True
    pygame.display.set_caption('五子棋')  # 创建标题
    screen = pygame.display.set_mode([640, 640]) #创建窗口
    screen.fill([255, 255, 0]) #添加背景颜色
    r1 = RenjuBoard()
    r1.draw(screen)
    pygame.display.flip()  # 刷新窗口
    running = True
    play = True
    while running:
        for event in pygame.event.get(): #接受事件
            if event.type == pygame.QUIT: #事件类型是关闭事件
                running = False
            elif event.type == pygame.KEYDOWN:
                if event.key == pygame.K_q:
                    running = False
                elif event.key == pygame.K_r:
                    r1.reset()
                    screen.fill([255, 255, 0])
                    r1.draw(screen)
                    pygame.display.flip()
                    play = True

            elif event.type == pygame.MOUSEBUTTONDOWN \
                    and event.button == 1 and play:
                x, y = event.pos
                row = round(abs(y - 40) / 40)
                col = round(abs(x - 40) / 40)
                if r1.move(row, col, is_black):
                    is_black = not is_black
                    screen.fill([255, 255, 0])
                    r1.draw(screen)
                    if r1.judge() == 1 :
                        play = False
                        show_font(over_font, '黑', screen)

                    elif r1.judge() == 2:
                        play = False
                        show_font(over_font, '白', screen)

                    pygame.display.flip()


    pygame.quit()


if __name__ == '__main__':
    main()

面向对象编程之贪吃蛇

from random import randint
from abc import ABCMeta, abstractmethod
import pygame


BLACK_COLOR = (0, 0, 0)
FOOD_COLOR = (255, 100, 100)
GREEN_COLOR = (0, 255, 0)
UP = 0
RIGHT = 1
DOWM = 2
LEFT = 3


class GameObject(object, metaclass=ABCMeta):

    def __init__(self, x, y, color):
        self._x = x
        self._y = y
        self._color = color

    @property
    def x(self):
        return self._x

    @property
    def y(self):
        return self._y

    @abstractmethod
    def draw(self,screen):
        pass


class Wall(GameObject):

    def __init__(self, x, y, width, height, color=BLACK_COLOR):
        super().__init__(x, y, color)
        self._width = width
        self._height = height

    @property
    def width(self):
        return self._width

    @property
    def height(self):
        return self._height

    def draw(self,screen):
        pygame.draw.rect(screen, self._color,
                         (self._x, self._y, self._width, self._height), 4)


class Food(GameObject):

    def __init__(self, x, y, size, color=FOOD_COLOR):
        super().__init__(x, y, color)
        self._size = size
        self._hidden = False

    @property
    def size(self):
        return self._size

    def draw(self, screen):
        if not self._hidden:
            pygame.draw.circle(screen, self._color,
                               (self._x + self._size // 2, self._y +
                                self._size // 2),  self._size // 2, 0)
        self._hidden = not self._hidden


class SnakeNode(GameObject):

    def __init__(self, x, y, size, color=GREEN_COLOR):
        super().__init__(x, y, color)
        self._size = size

    @property
    def size(self):
        return self._size

    def draw(self, screen):
        pygame.draw.rect(screen, self._color,
                         (self._x, self._y, self._size, self._size), 0)
        pygame.draw.rect(screen, BLACK_COLOR,
                         (self._x, self._y, self._size, self._size), 1)


class Snake(GameObject):

    def __init__(self):
        self._dir = LEFT
        self._nodes = []
        for index in range(5):
            node = SnakeNode(290 + index * 20, 250, 20)
            self._nodes.append(node)

    @property
    def dir(self):
        return self._dir

    def draw(self, screen):
        for node in self._nodes:
            node.draw(screen)

    def collide(self, wall):
        head = self._nodes[0]
        return head.x < wall.x or head.x > (wall.x + wall.width - head.size) \
               or head.y < wall.y or head.y > (wall.y + wall.height - head.size)

    def eat_food(self, food):
        head = self._nodes[0]
        if head.x == food .x and head.y == food.y:
            self._nodes.append(self._nodes[-1])
            return True

    def eat_me(self):
        head = self._nodes[0]
        for snake in self._nodes[4 :]:
            if head.x == snake.x and head.y == snake.y:
                return True

    def move(self):
        head = self._nodes[0]
        x, y, size = head.x, head.y, head.size
        snake_dir = self._dir
        if snake_dir == UP:
            y -= size
        if snake_dir == RIGHT:
            x += size
        if snake_dir == DOWM:
            y += size
        if snake_dir == LEFT:
            x -= size
        new_head = SnakeNode(x, y, size)
        self._nodes.insert(0, new_head)
        self._nodes.pop()

    def change_dir(self, new_dir):
        if new_dir != self._dir and (self._dir + new_dir) % 2 != 0:
            self._dir = new_dir


def main():

    def refresh():
        """刷新窗口"""
        screen.fill((242, 242, 242))
        snake.draw(screen)
        wall.draw(screen)
        food.draw(screen)
        pygame.display.flip()

    def handle_key_event(key_event):
        key = key_event.key
        if key == pygame.K_F2:
            reset_game()
        elif key in (pygame.K_w, pygame.K_a, pygame.K_s, pygame.K_d):
            if not game_over:
                if key == pygame.K_w:
                    new_dir = UP
                elif key == pygame.K_d:
                    new_dir = RIGHT
                elif key == pygame.K_s:
                    new_dir = DOWM
                elif key == pygame.K_a:
                    new_dir = LEFT
                snake.change_dir(new_dir)

    def create_egg():
        row = randint(0, 29)
        col = randint(0, 29)
        return Food(10 + 20 * col, 10 + 20 * row, 20)

    def reset_game():
        nonlocal snake, food, game_over, total
        food = create_egg()
        snake = Snake()
        game_over = False
        total = 0
        pygame.event.clear() #清理事件

    pygame.init()
    total = 0
    wall = Wall(10, 10, 600, 600)
    food = create_egg()
    snake = Snake()
    score = pygame.font.SysFont('SimHei', 32)
    pygame.display.set_caption('贪吃蛇')
    screen = pygame.display.set_mode((620, 620))
    screen.fill((242, 242, 242))

    pygame.display.flip()
    clock = pygame.time.Clock()

    running = True
    game_over = False
    while running:
        for event in pygame.event.get():
            if event.type == pygame.QUIT:
                running = False
            elif event.type == pygame.KEYDOWN:
                handle_key_event(event)
        if not game_over:
            refresh()
            snake.eat_food(food)
            snake.move()

        if snake.collide(wall) or snake.eat_me():
            game_over = True
        if snake.eat_food(food):
            food = create_egg()
            total += 10
        score_board = score.render("score: %d" % total, True, [0, 0, 0])
        text_board = score_board.get_rect()
        text_board.center = (520, 25)
        screen.blit(score_board, text_board)
        pygame.display.update()
        clock.tick(10)

    pygame.quit()


if __name__ == '__main__':
    main()
#panda3D 用于3D游戏开发
#软技能、 unix编程技术(好书)
展开阅读全文

没有更多推荐了,返回首页