586. Customer Placing the Largest Number of Orders

思路:原题只有exactly one 最大订单数量,group by之后用订单量降序排列,并limit取第一个值

如果不止一个最大订单数,找出最大订单值,然后找出订单量等于这个值的就可以了。

Query the customer_number from the orders table for the customer who has placed the largest number of orders.

It is guaranteed that exactly one customer will have placed more orders than any other customer.

The orders table is defined as follows:

| Column            | Type      |
|-------------------|-----------|
| order_number (PK) | int       |
| customer_number   | int       |
| order_date        | date      |
| required_date     | date      |
| shipped_date      | date      |
| status            | char(15)  |
| comment           | char(200) |

Sample Input

| order_number | customer_number | order_date | required_date | shipped_date | status | comment |
|--------------|-----------------|------------|---------------|--------------|--------|---------|
| 1            | 1               | 2017-04-09 | 2017-04-13    | 2017-04-12   | Closed |         |
| 2            | 2               | 2017-04-15 | 2017-04-20    | 2017-04-18   | Closed |         |
| 3            | 3               | 2017-04-16 | 2017-04-25    | 2017-04-20   | Closed |         |
| 4            | 3               | 2017-04-18 | 2017-04-28    | 2017-04-25   | Closed |         |

Sample Output

| customer_number |
|-----------------|
| 3               |

Explanation

The customer with number '3' has two orders, which is greater than either customer '1' or '2' because each of them  only has one order. 
So the result is customer_number '3'.
select customer_number
from orders
group by customer_number
order by count(*) desc
limit 1;

Follow up: What if more than one customer have the largest number of orders, can you find all the customer_number in this case?

select customer_number
from orders
group by customer_number
having count(*) = 
(select max(cnt) from 
(select count(*) cnt
from orders
group by customer_number))


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