java与json互相转换(解决日期问题),js显示json数据时出现日期类型显示[object,object]现象解决!

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JSON 即 JavaScript Object Natation,它是一种轻量级的数据交换格式,非常适合于服务器与 JavaScript 的交互。本文主要讲解下java和JSON之间的转换,特别是解决互相转换遇到日期问题的情况。
    一、需要相关的jar包: ***
   二、java-》JSON
1.List-》JSON

List<String> list = new ArrayList<String>();
list.add("apple");
list.add("orange");
JSONArray jarr = JSONArray.fromObject(list);
System.out.println("list->json:" + jarr.toString());

    打印结果:list->json:["apple","orange"]
2.Map-》JSON

Map<String, Object> map = new HashMap<String, Object>();
map.put("name", "Michael");
map.put("baby", new String[] { "Lucy", "Lily" });
map.put("age", 30);
JSONObject jo = JSONObject.fromObject(map);
System.out.println("map->json:" + jo.toString());

    打印结果:map->json:{"age":30,"name":"Michael","baby":["Lucy","Lily"]}
3.bean->JSON

JsonBean bean = new JsonBean();
bean.setName("NewBaby");
bean.setAge(1);
bean.setBorn(new Date());
jo = JSONObject.fromObject(bean);
System.out.println("bean->json:" + jo.toString());

打印结果:bean->json:{"age":1,"born":{"date":10,"day":3,"hours":14,"minutes":14,"month":2,"seconds":1,"time":1268201641228,"timezoneOffset":-480,"year":110},"name":"NewBaby"}
   这时你会发现它把bean对象里的util.Date这个类型的所有属性一一转换出来。在实际运用过程中,大多数情况下我们希望能转化为yyyy-MM-dd这种格式,下面就讲一讲如何实现:
解决方法一(后台处理):
首先要写一个新的类JsonDateValueProcessor如下:


/**
* JSON 日期格式处理(java转化为JSON)
* @author Michael sun
*/
public class JsonDateValueProcessor implements JsonValueProcessor {

    /**
     * datePattern
     */
    private String datePattern = "yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss";

    /**
     * JsonDateValueProcessor
     */
    public JsonDateValueProcessor() {
        super();
    }

    /**
     * @param format
     */
    public JsonDateValueProcessor(String format) {
        super();
        this.datePattern = format;
    }

    /**
     * @param value
     * @param jsonConfig
     * @return Object
     */
    public Object processArrayValue(Object value, JsonConfig jsonConfig) {
        return process(value);
    }

    /**
     * @param key
     * @param value
     * @param jsonConfig
     * @return Object
     */
    public Object processObjectValue(String key, Object value,
            JsonConfig jsonConfig) {
        return process(value);
    }

    /**
     * process
     * @param value
     * @return
     */
    private Object process(Object value) {
        try {
            if (value instanceof Date) {
                SimpleDateFormat sdf = new SimpleDateFormat(datePattern,
                        Locale.UK);
                return sdf.format((Date) value);
            }
            return value == null ? "" : value.toString();
        } catch (Exception e) {
            return "";
        }

    }

    /**
     * @return the datePattern
     */
    public String getDatePattern() {
        return datePattern;
    }

    /**
     * @param pDatePattern the datePattern to set
     */
    public void setDatePattern(String pDatePattern) {
        datePattern = pDatePattern;
    }

}

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测试代码:

JsonBean bean = new JsonBean();
bean.setName("NewBaby");
bean.setAge(1);
bean.setBorn(new Date());

JsonConfig jsonConfig = new JsonConfig();
jsonConfig.registerJsonValueProcessor(Date.class,new JsonDateValueProcessor());
JSONObject jo = JSONObject.fromObject(bean, jsonConfig);
//JSONArray也可以,看需要


System.out.println("bean->json:" + jo.toString());

打印结果:bean->json:{"age":1,"born":"2010-03-10","name":"NewBaby"}
这就能得到我们想要的结果了。


解决方法二(前台js解决)
var format = function(time, format){
     var t = new Date(time);
     var tf = function(i){return (i < 10 ? '0' : '') + i};
     return format.replace(/yyyy|MM|dd|HH|mm|ss/g, function(a){
         switch(a){
             case 'yyyy':
                 return tf(t.getFullYear());
                 break;
             case 'MM':
                 return tf(t.getMonth() + 1);
                 break;
             case 'mm':
                 return tf(t.getMinutes());
                 break;
             case 'dd':
                 return tf(t.getDate());
                 break;
             case 'HH':
                 return tf(t.getHours());
                 break;
             case 'ss':
                 return tf(t.getSeconds());
                 break;
         }
     });
};
在js中如:+"<td>"+format(data[i].regTime.time,'yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss')+"</td>"


三、JSON-》java
1.如何把json的yyyy-MM-dd的转换为Bean中的util.Date类型:

JSONUtils.getMorpherRegistry().registerMorpher(
          new DateMorpher(new String[] { "yyyy-MM-dd" }));

String jsonStr = "[{\"name\": \"husband\", \"age\": \"26\", \"born\": \"1984-01-12\"},{\"name\": \"wife\", \"age\": \"20\", \"born\": \"1990-05-01\"}]";

Collection<JsonBean> list = JSONArray.toCollection(JSONArray.fromObject(jsonStr), JsonBean.class);
      //DateUtil.getFormatDate(date,fmtstr)日期转字符串这里不再写代码了
for (JsonBean o : list) {
   System.out.println(DateUtil.getFormatDate(o.getBorn(), "yyyy-MM-dd"));
}

打印结果:
           1984-01-12
          1990-05-01
   2. JSON-》List、 Map

String listStr = "[\"apple\",\"orange\"]";
Collection<String> strlist = JSONArray.toCollection(JSONArray.fromObject(listStr));
for (String str : strlist) {
    System.out.println(str);
}

String mapStr = "{\"age\":30,\"name\":\"Michael\",\"baby\":[\"Lucy\",\"Lily\"]}";
Map<String, Object> map = (Map) JSONObject.toBean(JSONObject
                .fromObject(mapStr), Map.class);
for (Entry<String, Object> entry : map.entrySet()) {
    System.out.println(entry.getKey() + " " + entry.getValue());
}

打印结果:
            apple
           orange
           name Michael
           age 30
           baby [Lucy, Lily]
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