C++调用python配置及编译出现的问题


环境配置

      (1)python的lib 以及头文件分别加到vc的include/lib directories中去。

         (2)写完编译后出现找不到python33_d.lib 错误,出现这个错误的原因是:python_d.lib是 库的调试后形式,当我们以debug模式编译工程时,python就用这个lib文件,但是这个文件是不可用 的。对于这点,最快的办法就是强制要求python在任何情况下都是用非调试版本,就可以了。

                  所以要做的是:

  • 修改python头文件pyconfig.h的配置,修改指向调试库文件的参数,由

#   if defined(_DEBUG)
#    pragma comment(lib,"python33_d.lib")
#   elif defined(Py_LIMITED_API)
#    pragma comment(lib,"python3.lib")
#   else
#    pragma comment(lib,"python33.lib")
#   endif /* _DEBUG */

修改为:
 
#   if defined(_DEBUG)
#    pragma comment(lib,"python33.lib")
#   elif defined(Py_LIMITED_API)
#    pragma comment(lib,"python3.lib")
#   else
#    pragma comment(lib,"python33.lib")
#   endif /* _DEBUG */

            (3)在Visual Studio中编译时必须注意,若Python为64bit而VS C++ Project Config里的platform是32bit,会报错:

         

Error   1   error LNK2019: unresolved external symbol __imp__Py_Finalize referenced in function _main  
Error   2   error LNK2019: unresolved external symbol __imp__PyEval_CallObjectWithKeywords referenced in function _main  
Error   3   error LNK2019: unresolved external symbol __imp__PyObject_GetAttrString referenced in function _main  
Error   4   error LNK2019: unresolved external symbol __imp__PyImport_ImportModule referenced in function _main  
Error   5   error LNK2019: unresolved external symbol __imp__Py_Initialize referenced in function _main  
Error   6   error LNK1120: 5 unresolved externals  

               注意修改自己的platform

补充:

      

error LNK2001: unresolved external symbol __imp__Py_RefTotal
error LNK2019: unresolved external symbol __imp__Py_NegativeRefcount referenced in function _SWIG_Py_None
error LNK2019: unresolved external symbol __imp__PyObject_DebugFree referenced in function SwigPyObject_dealloc
error LNK2019: unresolved external symbol __imp__PyObject_DebugMalloc referenced in function SwigPyObject_New
error LNK2019: unresolved external symbol __imp_PyModule_Create2TraceRefs referenced in function PyInit__wrap
出现这个错误,只需将pyconfig.h中

#ifdef _DEBUG
#	define Py_DEBUG
#endif
改为
#ifdef _DEBUG
//#	define Py_DEBUG
#endif



 

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