如何使用Docker内的kafka服务

版权声明:欢迎转载,请注明出处,谢谢。 https://blog.csdn.net/boling_cavalry/article/details/85528519

基于Docker可以很轻松的搭建一个kafka集群,其他机器上的应用如何使用这个kafka集群服务呢?本次实战就来解决这个问题。

基本情况

整个实战环境一共有三台机器,各自的职责如下图所示:

IP地址 身份 备注
192.168.1.102 消息生产者 这是个spring boot应用,
应用名称是kafka01103producer,
01103代表kafka版本0.11.0.3
192.168.1.101 Docker server 此机器上安装了Docker,并且运行了两个容器:zookeeper和kafka
192.168.1.104 消息消费者 这是个spring boot应用,
应用名称是kafka01103consumer,
01103代表kafka版本0.11.0.3

整个环境的部署情况如下图:
在这里插入图片描述

版本信息

  1. 操作系统:Centos7
  2. docker:17.03.2-ce
  3. docker-compose:1.23.2
  4. kafka:0.11.0.3
  5. zookeeper:3.4.9
  6. JDK:1.8.0_191
  7. spring boot:1.5.9.RELEASE
  8. spring-kafka:1.3.8.RELEASE

重点介绍

本次实战有几处重点需要注意:

  1. spring-kafka和kafka的版本匹配问题,请关注官方文档:https://spring.io/projects/spring-kafka
  2. kafka的kafka的advertised.listeners配置,应用通过此配置来连接broker;
  3. 应用所在服务器要配置host,才能连接到broker;

接下来开始实战吧;

配置host

为了让生产和消费消息的应用能够连接kafka成功,需要配置应用所在服务器的/etc/hosts文件,增加以下一行内容:

192.168.1.101 kafka1

192.168.1.101是docker所在机器的IP地址;

请注意,生产和消费消息的应用所在服务器都要做上述配置;

可能有的读者在此会有疑问:为什么要配置host呢?我把kafka配置的advertised.listeners配置成kafka的IP地址不就行了么?这样的配置我试过,但是用kafka-console-producer.sh和kafka-console-consumer.sh连接kafka的时候会报错"LEADER_NOT_AVAILABLE"。

在docker上部署kafka

  1. 在docker机器上编写docker-compose.yml文件,内容如下:
version: '2'
services:
  zookeeper:
    image: wurstmeister/zookeeper
    ports:
      - "2181:2181"
  kafka1:
    image: wurstmeister/kafka:2.11-0.11.0.3
    ports:
      - "9092:9092"
    environment:
      KAFKA_ADVERTISED_LISTENERS: PLAINTEXT://kafka1:9092
      KAFKA_LISTENERS: PLAINTEXT://:9092
      KAFKA_ZOOKEEPER_CONNECT: zookeeper:2181
      KAFKA_CREATE_TOPICS: "topic001:2:1"
    volumes:
      - /var/run/docker.sock:/var/run/docker.sock

上述配置中有两处需要注意:
第一,KAFKA_ADVERTISED_LISTENERS的配置,这个参数会写到kafka配置的advertised.listeners这一项中,应用会用来连接broker;
第二,KAFKA_CREATE_TOPICS的配置,表示容器启动时会创建名为"topic001"的主题,并且partition等于2,副本为1;

  1. 在docker-compose.yml所在目录执行命令docker-compose up -d,启动容器;
  2. 执行命令docker ps,可见容器情况,kafka的容器名为temp_kafka1_1:
[root@hedy temp]# docker ps
CONTAINER ID        IMAGE                              COMMAND                  CREATED             STATUS              PORTS                                                NAMES
ba5374d6245c        wurstmeister/zookeeper             "/bin/sh -c '/usr/..."   About an hour ago   Up About an hour    22/tcp, 2888/tcp, 3888/tcp, 0.0.0.0:2181->2181/tcp   temp_zookeeper_1
2c58f46bb772        wurstmeister/kafka:2.11-0.11.0.3   "start-kafka.sh"         About an hour ago   Up About an hour    0.0.0.0:9092->9092/tcp                               temp_kafka1_1
  1. 执行以下命令可以查看topic001的基本情况:
docker exec temp_kafka1_1 \
kafka-topics.sh \
--describe \
--topic topic001 \
--zookeeper zookeeper:2181

看到的信息如下:

Topic:topic001	PartitionCount:2	ReplicationFactor:1	Configs:
	Topic: topic001	Partition: 0	Leader: 1001	Replicas: 1001	Isr: 1001
	Topic: topic001	Partition: 1	Leader: 1001	Replicas: 1001	Isr: 1001

源码下载

接下来的实战是编写生产消息和消费消息的两个应用的源码,您可以选择直接从GitHub下载这两个工程的源码,地址和链接信息如下表所示:

名称 链接 备注
项目主页 https://github.com/zq2599/blog_demos 该项目在GitHub上的主页
git仓库地址(https) https://github.com/zq2599/blog_demos.git 该项目源码的仓库地址,https协议
git仓库地址(ssh) git@github.com:zq2599/blog_demos.git 该项目源码的仓库地址,ssh协议

这个git项目中有多个文件夹,本章源码在kafka01103consumer和kafka01103producer这两个文件夹下,如下图红框所示:
在这里插入图片描述

接下来开始编码:

开发生产消息的应用

  1. 创建一个maven工程,pom.xml内容如下:
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
         xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
    <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
    <parent>
        <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
        <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-parent</artifactId>
        <version>1.5.9.RELEASE</version>
        <relativePath/> <!-- lookup parent from repository -->
    </parent>
    <groupId>com.bolingcavalry</groupId>
    <artifactId>kafka01103producer</artifactId>
    <version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
    <name>kafka01103producer</name>
    <description>Demo project for Spring Boot</description>

    <properties>
        <java.version>1.8</java.version>
    </properties>

    <dependencies>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-web</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.kafka</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-kafka</artifactId>
            <version>1.3.8.RELEASE</version>
        </dependency>
		<dependency>
            <groupId>com.alibaba</groupId>
            <artifactId>fastjson</artifactId>
            <version>1.2.28</version>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-test</artifactId>
            <scope>test</scope>
        </dependency>
    </dependencies>

    <build>
        <plugins>
            <plugin>
                <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
                <artifactId>spring-boot-maven-plugin</artifactId>
            </plugin>
        </plugins>
    </build>
</project>

再次强调spring-kafka版本和kafka版本的匹配很重要;
2. 配置文件application.properties内容:

#kafka相关配置
spring.kafka.bootstrap-servers=kafka1:9092
#设置一个默认组
spring.kafka.consumer.group-id=0
#key-value序列化反序列化
spring.kafka.consumer.key-deserializer=org.apache.kafka.common.serialization.StringDeserializer
spring.kafka.consumer.value-deserializer=org.apache.kafka.common.serialization.StringDeserializer
spring.kafka.producer.key-serializer=org.apache.kafka.common.serialization.StringSerializer
spring.kafka.producer.value-serializer=org.apache.kafka.common.serialization.StringSerializer
#每次批量发送消息的数量
spring.kafka.producer.batch-size=65536
spring.kafka.producer.buffer-memory=524288
  1. 发送消息的业务代码只有一个MessageController类:
package com.bolingcavalry.kafka01103producer.controller;

import com.alibaba.fastjson.JSONObject;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.kafka.core.KafkaTemplate;
import org.springframework.util.concurrent.ListenableFuture;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.*;

import java.text.SimpleDateFormat;
import java.util.Date;
import java.util.UUID;

/**
 * @Description: 接收web请求,发送消息到kafka
 * @author: willzhao E-mail: zq2599@gmail.com
 * @date: 2019/1/1 11:44
 */
@RestController
public class MessageController {

    @Autowired
    private KafkaTemplate kafkaTemplate;

    @RequestMapping(value = "/send/{name}/{message}", method = RequestMethod.GET)
    public @ResponseBody
    String send(@PathVariable("name") final String name, @PathVariable("message") final String message) {
        SimpleDateFormat simpleDateFormat=new SimpleDateFormat("yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss");
        String timeStr = simpleDateFormat.format(new Date());

        JSONObject jsonObject = new JSONObject();
        jsonObject.put("name", name);
        jsonObject.put("message", message);
        jsonObject.put("time", timeStr);
        jsonObject.put("timeLong", System.currentTimeMillis());
        jsonObject.put("bizID", UUID.randomUUID());

        String sendMessage = jsonObject.toJSONString();

        ListenableFuture future = kafkaTemplate.send("topic001", sendMessage);
        future.addCallback(o -> System.out.println("send message success : " + sendMessage),
                throwable -> System.out.println("send message fail : " + sendMessage));

        return "send message to [" +  name + "] success (" + timeStr + ")";
    }
}

  1. 编码完成后,在pom.xml所在目录执行命令mvn clean package -U -DskipTests,即可在target目录下发现文件kafka01103producer-0.0.1-SNAPSHOT.jar,将此文件复制到192.168.1.102机器上;
  2. 登录192.168.1.102,在文件kafka01103producer-0.0.1-SNAPSHOT.jar所在目录执行命令java -jar kafka01103producer-0.0.1-SNAPSHOT.jar,即可启动生产消息的应用;

开发消费消息的应用

  1. 创建一个maven工程,pom.xml内容如下:
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
         xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
    <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
    <parent>
        <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
        <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-parent</artifactId>
        <version>1.5.9.RELEASE</version>
        <relativePath/> <!-- lookup parent from repository -->
    </parent>
    <groupId>com.bolingcavalry</groupId>
    <artifactId>kafka01103consumer</artifactId>
    <version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
    <name>kafka01103consumer</name>
    <description>Demo project for Spring Boot</description>

    <properties>
        <java.version>1.8</java.version>
    </properties>

    <dependencies>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.kafka</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-kafka</artifactId>
            <version>1.3.8.RELEASE</version>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-test</artifactId>
            <scope>test</scope>
        </dependency>
    </dependencies>

    <build>
        <plugins>
            <plugin>
                <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
                <artifactId>spring-boot-maven-plugin</artifactId>
            </plugin>
        </plugins>
    </build>
</project>

再次强调spring-kafka版本和kafka版本的匹配很重要;
2. 配置文件application.properties内容:

#kafka相关配置
spring.kafka.bootstrap-servers=192.168.1.101:9092
#设置一个默认组
spring.kafka.consumer.group-id=0
#key-value序列化反序列化
spring.kafka.consumer.key-deserializer=org.apache.kafka.common.serialization.StringDeserializer
spring.kafka.consumer.value-deserializer=org.apache.kafka.common.serialization.StringDeserializer
spring.kafka.producer.key-serializer=org.apache.kafka.common.serialization.StringSerializer
spring.kafka.producer.value-serializer=org.apache.kafka.common.serialization.StringSerializer
#每次批量发送消息的数量
spring.kafka.producer.batch-size=65536
spring.kafka.producer.buffer-memory=524288
  1. 消费消息的业务代码只有一个Consumer类,收到消息后,会将内容内容和消息的详情打印出来:
@Component
public class Consumer {
    @KafkaListener(topics = {"topic001"})
    public void listen(ConsumerRecord<?, ?> record) {
        Optional<?> kafkaMessage = Optional.ofNullable(record.value());

        if (kafkaMessage.isPresent()) {

            Object message = kafkaMessage.get();

            System.out.println("----------------- record =" + record);
            System.out.println("------------------ message =" + message);
        }
    }
}
  1. 编码完成后,在pom.xml所在目录执行命令mvn clean package -U -DskipTests,即可在target目录下发现文件kafka01103consumer-0.0.1-SNAPSHOT.jar,将此文件复制到192.168.1.104机器上;
  2. 登录192.168.1.104,在文件kafka01103consumer-0.0.1-SNAPSHOT.jar所在目录执行命令java -jar kafka01103consumer-0.0.1-SNAPSHOT.jar,即可启动消费消息的应用,控制台输出如下:
2019-01-01 13:41:41.747  INFO 1422 --- [           main] o.a.kafka.common.utils.AppInfoParser     : Kafka version : 0.11.0.2
2019-01-01 13:41:41.748  INFO 1422 --- [           main] o.a.kafka.common.utils.AppInfoParser     : Kafka commitId : 73be1e1168f91ee2
2019-01-01 13:41:41.787  INFO 1422 --- [           main] o.s.s.c.ThreadPoolTaskScheduler          : Initializing ExecutorService 
2019-01-01 13:41:41.912  INFO 1422 --- [           main] c.b.k.Kafka01103consumerApplication      : Started Kafka01103consumerApplication in 11.876 seconds (JVM running for 16.06)
2019-01-01 13:41:42.699  INFO 1422 --- [ntainer#0-0-C-1] o.a.k.c.c.internals.AbstractCoordinator  : Discovered coordinator kafka1:9092 (id: 2147482646 rack: null) for group 0.
2019-01-01 13:41:42.721  INFO 1422 --- [ntainer#0-0-C-1] o.a.k.c.c.internals.ConsumerCoordinator  : Revoking previously assigned partitions [] for group 0
2019-01-01 13:41:42.723  INFO 1422 --- [ntainer#0-0-C-1] o.s.k.l.KafkaMessageListenerContainer    : partitions revoked:[]
2019-01-01 13:41:42.724  INFO 1422 --- [ntainer#0-0-C-1] o.a.k.c.c.internals.AbstractCoordinator  : (Re-)joining group 0
2019-01-01 13:41:42.782  INFO 1422 --- [ntainer#0-0-C-1] o.a.k.c.c.internals.AbstractCoordinator  : Successfully joined group 0 with generation 5
2019-01-01 13:41:42.788  INFO 1422 --- [ntainer#0-0-C-1] o.a.k.c.c.internals.ConsumerCoordinator  : Setting newly assigned partitions [topic001-1, topic001-0] for group 0
2019-01-01 13:41:42.805  INFO 1422 --- [ntainer#0-0-C-1] o.s.k.l.KafkaMessageListenerContainer    : partitions assigned:[topic001-1, topic001-0]
2019-01-01 13:48:00.938  INFO 1422 --- [ntainer#0-0-C-1] o.a.k.c.c.internals.ConsumerCoordinator  : Revoking previously assigned partitions [topic001-1, topic001-0] for group 0
2019-01-01 13:48:00.939  INFO 1422 --- [ntainer#0-0-C-1] o.s.k.l.KafkaMessageListenerContainer    : partitions revoked:[topic001-1, topic001-0]

上述内容显示了当前应用消费了两个partition;

  1. 再启动一个同样的应用,这样每个应用负责一个parititon的消费,做法是在文件kafka01103consumer-0.0.1-SNAPSHOT.jar所在目录执行命令java -jar kafka01103consumer-0.0.1-SNAPSHOT.jar --server.port=8081,看看控制台的输出:
2019-01-01 13:47:58.068  INFO 1460 --- [           main] o.a.kafka.common.utils.AppInfoParser     : Kafka version : 0.11.0.2
2019-01-01 13:47:58.069  INFO 1460 --- [           main] o.a.kafka.common.utils.AppInfoParser     : Kafka commitId : 73be1e1168f91ee2
2019-01-01 13:47:58.103  INFO 1460 --- [           main] o.s.s.c.ThreadPoolTaskScheduler          : Initializing ExecutorService 
2019-01-01 13:47:58.226  INFO 1460 --- [           main] c.b.k.Kafka01103consumerApplication      : Started Kafka01103consumerApplication in 11.513 seconds (JVM running for 14.442)
2019-01-01 13:47:59.007  INFO 1460 --- [ntainer#0-0-C-1] o.a.k.c.c.internals.AbstractCoordinator  : Discovered coordinator kafka1:9092 (id: 2147482646 rack: null) for group 0.
2019-01-01 13:47:59.030  INFO 1460 --- [ntainer#0-0-C-1] o.a.k.c.c.internals.ConsumerCoordinator  : Revoking previously assigned partitions [] for group 0
2019-01-01 13:47:59.031  INFO 1460 --- [ntainer#0-0-C-1] o.s.k.l.KafkaMessageListenerContainer    : partitions revoked:[]
2019-01-01 13:47:59.032  INFO 1460 --- [ntainer#0-0-C-1] o.a.k.c.c.internals.AbstractCoordinator  : (Re-)joining group 0
2019-01-01 13:48:00.967  INFO 1460 --- [ntainer#0-0-C-1] o.a.k.c.c.internals.AbstractCoordinator  : Successfully joined group 0 with generation 6
2019-01-01 13:48:00.985  INFO 1460 --- [ntainer#0-0-C-1] o.a.k.c.c.internals.ConsumerCoordinator  : Setting newly assigned partitions [topic001-0] for group 0
2019-01-01 13:48:01.015  INFO 1460 --- [ntainer#0-0-C-1] o.s.k.l.KafkaMessageListenerContainer    : partitions assigned:[topic001-0]

可见新的进程消费的是0号partition,此时再去看看先启动的进程的控制台,见到了新的日志,显示该进程只消费1号pairtition了:

2019-01-01 13:48:00.955  INFO 1422 --- [ntainer#0-0-C-1] o.a.k.c.c.internals.AbstractCoordinator  : Successfully joined group 0 with generation 6
2019-01-01 13:48:00.960  INFO 1422 --- [ntainer#0-0-C-1] o.a.k.c.c.internals.ConsumerCoordinator  : Setting newly assigned partitions [topic001-1] for group 0
2019-01-01 13:48:00.967  INFO 1422 --- [ntainer#0-0-C-1] o.s.k.l.KafkaMessageListenerContainer    : partitions assigned:[topic001-1]

验证消息的生产和消费

  1. 在浏览器输入以下地址:192.168.1.102:8080/send/Tom/hello
  2. 浏览器显示返回的结果是:send message to [Tom] success (2019-01-01 13:58:08),表示操作成功;
  3. 去检查两个消费者进程的控制台,发现其中一个成功的消费了消息,如下:
----------------- record =ConsumerRecord(topic = topic001, partition = 0, offset = 0, CreateTime = 1546351226016, serialized key size = -1, serialized value size = 133, headers = RecordHeaders(headers = [], isReadOnly = false), key = null, value = {"timeLong":1546351225804,"name":"Tom","bizID":"4f1b6cf6-78d4-455d-b530-3956723a074f","time":"2019-01-01 22:00:25","message":"hello"})
------------------ message ={"timeLong":1546351225804,"name":"Tom","bizID":"4f1b6cf6-78d4-455d-b530-3956723a074f","time":"2019-01-01 22:00:25","message":"hello"}

至此,外部应用使用基于Docker的kafa服务实战就完成了,如果您也在用Docker部署kafka服务,给外部应用使用,希望本文能给您提供一些参考;

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