Protocol Buffer For Java

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为什么用到了Protocol Buffer

后端服务语言:Java
前端JavaScript
交互协议 全双工 WebSocket
数据交互:数据序列化后的Protocol Buffer 二进制数据
采用Protocol Buffer 序列化后体积小,传输速度快。

Protocol Buffer Basics: Java: https://developers.google.com/protocol-buffers/docs/javatutorial

Netty 实战P159
Protocol Buffers 以一种紧凑而高效的方式对结构化的数据进行编码以及解码。他具有许多编程语言的绑定,使他很适合跨语言项目。

github:https://github.com/protocolbuffers/protobuf/releases/tag/v3.6.1

protostuff

maven:

       <!--序列化-->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>io.protostuff</groupId>
            <artifactId>protostuff-core</artifactId>
            <version>1.5.9</version>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>io.protostuff</groupId>
            <artifactId>protostuff-runtime</artifactId>
            <version>1.5.9</version>
        </dependency>

简版序列化和反序列化:ProtoBufUtil

public class ProtoBufUtil {


    public static <T> byte[] serializer(T o) {
        Schema schema = RuntimeSchema.getSchema(o.getClass());

        return ProtobufIOUtil.toByteArray(o, schema, LinkedBuffer.allocate(LinkedBuffer.MIN_BUFFER_SIZE));
    }

    public static <T> T deserializer(byte[] bytes, Class<T> clazz) {

        Schema<T> schema = RuntimeSchema.getSchema(clazz);
        T obj = schema.newMessage();
        ProtostuffIOUtil.mergeFrom(bytes, obj, schema);
        return obj;
    }


}

Exception in thread "main" java.lang.RuntimeException: Reading from a byte array threw an IOException (should never happen).
	at io.protostuff.IOUtil.mergeFrom(IOUtil.java:54)
	at io.protostuff.ProtostuffIOUtil.mergeFrom(ProtostuffIOUtil.java:104)
	at com.lsj.sanguo.common.util.ProtoBufUtil.deserializer(ProtoBufUtil.java:41)
	at com.lsj.sanguo.common.util.ProtoBufUtil.main(ProtoBufUtil.java:63)
Caused by: io.protostuff.ProtobufException: Protocol message contained an invalid tag (zero).
	at io.protostuff.ProtobufException.invalidTag(ProtobufException.java:106)
	at io.protostuff.ByteArrayInput.readFieldNumber(ByteArrayInput.java:253)
	at io.protostuff.runtime.RuntimeSchema.mergeFrom(RuntimeSchema.java:457)
	at io.protostuff.ByteArrayInput.mergeObjectEncodedAsGroup(ByteArrayInput.java:518)
	at io.protostuff.ByteArrayInput.mergeObject(ByteArrayInput.java:490)
	at io.protostuff.runtime.RuntimeRepeatedFieldFactory$3.mergeFrom(RuntimeRepeatedFieldFactory.java:157)
	at io.protostuff.runtime.RuntimeSchema.mergeFrom(RuntimeSchema.java:466)
	at io.protostuff.IOUtil.mergeFrom(IOUtil.java:45)
	... 3 more

###这个出现的原因可能是:
1.你在序列化数组,map等对象


2.字节数组在传输过程中丢失了
****问题困扰了我许久
3.用了我上面的工具类:错误原因是你用ProtobufIOUtil进行序列化,而用ProtostuffIOUtil进行反序列化
注意这两个Util不一致哦~~~ 我被折磨了30+天

但是序列化和反序列化普通对象的时候没有问题,且序列化给前端也没有问题,我猜想可能前端接收做了适配,但序列化并没有做适配工作。

又因为protostuff的效率比ProtobufIOUtil效率高,因此我现在采用的是:


/**
 * 描述
 *
 * @author BoomMan
 */
@Log4j2
@NoArgsConstructor
public class ProtoBufUtil {


    public static <T> byte[] serializer(T o) {
        Schema schema = RuntimeSchema.getSchema(o.getClass());

        return ProtostuffIOUtil.toByteArray(o, schema, LinkedBuffer.allocate(LinkedBuffer.MIN_BUFFER_SIZE));
    }

    public static <T> T deserializer(byte[] bytes, Class<T> clazz) {

        Schema<T> schema = RuntimeSchema.getSchema(clazz);
        T obj = schema.newMessage();

        ProtobufIOUtil.mergeFrom(bytes, obj, schema);
        return obj;
    }
 }

但是为了稳定使用如下配置较好

/**
 * 描述
 *
 * @author BoomMan
 */
@Log4j2
@NoArgsConstructor
public class ProtoBufUtil {


    public static <T> byte[] serializer(T o) {
        Schema schema = RuntimeSchema.getSchema(o.getClass());

        return ProtobufIOUtil.toByteArray(o, schema, LinkedBuffer.allocate(LinkedBuffer.MIN_BUFFER_SIZE));
    }

    public static <T> T deserializer(byte[] bytes, Class<T> clazz) {

        Schema<T> schema = RuntimeSchema.getSchema(clazz);
        T obj = schema.newMessage();

        ProtobufIOUtil.mergeFrom(bytes, obj, schema);
        return obj;
    }
 }

2018.11月16最新

支持List 和Map

import io.protostuff.LinkedBuffer;
import io.protostuff.ProtobufIOUtil;
import io.protostuff.Schema;
import io.protostuff.runtime.RuntimeSchema;
import lombok.AllArgsConstructor;
import lombok.Data;
import lombok.NoArgsConstructor;
import lombok.extern.log4j.Log4j2;

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;

/**
 * 描述 Google Protocol Buffer Utils
 * BoomMan 592323211@qq.com
 * 对 List 和Map 进行简单封装 使用时用接口不要用实现类
 */
@Log4j2
@NoArgsConstructor
public class ProtoBufUtil {


    public static <T> byte[] serializer(T o) {
        if (o instanceof List || o instanceof Map) {
            @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
            Schema<SerializerWrapper> schema = RuntimeSchema.getSchema(SerializerWrapper.class);
            return ProtobufIOUtil.toByteArray(new SerializerWrapper(o), schema, LinkedBuffer.allocate(LinkedBuffer.MIN_BUFFER_SIZE));
        }
        @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
        Schema<T> schema = (Schema<T>) RuntimeSchema.getSchema(o.getClass());
        return ProtobufIOUtil.toByteArray(o, schema, LinkedBuffer.allocate(LinkedBuffer.MIN_BUFFER_SIZE));
    }

    public static <T> T deserializer(byte[] bytes, Class<T> clazz) {
        if (clazz==List.class  || clazz == Map.class) {
            Schema<SerializerWrapper> wrapperSchema = RuntimeSchema.getSchema(SerializerWrapper.class);
            SerializerWrapper wrapper = wrapperSchema.newMessage();
            ProtobufIOUtil.mergeFrom(bytes, wrapper, wrapperSchema);
            return (T) wrapper.getData();
        }
        Schema<T> schema = RuntimeSchema.getSchema(clazz);
        T obj = schema.newMessage();
        ProtobufIOUtil.mergeFrom(bytes, obj, schema);
        return obj;
    }


    @Data
    @NoArgsConstructor
    @AllArgsConstructor
    private static class SerializerWrapper<T> {
        private T data;
    }

    public static void main(String[] args) {

        ArrayList<String> testList = new ArrayList<>();
        testList.add("123");
        testList.add("456");
        testList.add("789");
        testList.add("测试");
        byte[] serializer = ProtoBufUtil.serializer(testList);
        log.error("序列化结果: {}", serializer);
        List deserializer = ProtoBufUtil.deserializer(serializer, List.class);
        log.error("反序列化结果: {}", deserializer);
    }

}

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