【Android消息处理机制】Handler中sendEmptyMessage与sendMessage的区别和sendMessageAtTime()与sendEmptyMessageDelay()区别

1、sendEmptyMessage与sendMessage的区别:
sendMessage()允许你处理Message对象(Message里可以包含数据,)。
sendEmptyMessage(int what)只能放数据。其中参数what作用:就类似于ID,处理消息的时候用于区分你send一个0和1,处理的时候就要判断了if(msg.what == 0){}else if(msg.what == 1){}。

其实两者没区别,请看下面Handler的源代码:

 /**

* Sends a Message containing only the what value. *  * @return Returns true if the message was successfully placed in to the  * message queue. Returns false on failure, usually because the * looper processing the message queue is exiting. */ public final boolean sendEmptyMessage(int what) {    return sendEmptyMessageDelayed(what, 0); }

就是调用了sendEmptyMessageDelayed()而已,下面看下这个方法:

/**
* Sends a Message containing only the what value, to be delivered
* after the specified amount of time elapses.
* @see #sendMessageDelayed(android.os.Message, long) 
* 
* @return Returns true if the message was successfully placed in to the 
* message queue. Returns false on failure, usually because the
* looper processing the message queue is exiting.
*/
public final boolean sendEmptyMessageDelayed(int what, long delayMillis) {
Message msg = Message.obtain();
msg.what = what;
return sendMessageDelayed(msg, delayMillis);
}

而sendMessage(Message msg)的实现和上面一样,请看:

/**
* Pushes a message onto the end of the message queue after all pending messages
* before the current time. It will be received in {@link #handleMessage},
* in the thread attached to this handler.
* 
* @return Returns true if the message was successfully placed in to the 
* message queue. Returns false on failure, usually because the
* looper processing the message queue is exiting.
*/
public final boolean sendMessage(Message msg)
{
return sendMessageDelayed(msg, 0);
}

原来在sendEmptyMessageDelayed中就是构建了一个Message,然后把这个Message的what设置成sendEmptyMessage方法中的What参数即可。

  一切恍然大悟!

  然后,在主线程中,Looper类的loop()通过 调用: msg.target.dispatchMessage(msg),调用Hanler类的dispatchMessage(Message msg)方法,从而在主线程中处理了这个Message.


2、sendMessageAtTime()与sendEmptyMessageDelay()的区别:
函数原型:
 
public boolean sendMessageAtTime (Message msg, long uptimeMillis)
 
Message  //不用说 是待发送消息
uptimeMillis   //sendMessageAtTime,即在确定的时间发送这个消息,这个时间通过这个参数指定
这个时间由uptimeMillis()传递
  
这两句是等效的,都是延时1秒将消息加入列队
msgHandle.sendMessageAtTime(msg, SystemClock.uptimeMillis()+1000);
msgHandle.sendMessageDelayed(msg, 1000)
 
sendMessageAtTime的uptimeMillis是相对系统开机时间的绝对时间,SystemClock.uptimeMillis()是当前开机时间。





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