Java发送HTTP请求

Java实现发送HTTP请求,包含GET、POST、POST(json格式参数)

package com.chenyi.quickstart.common;

import java.io.*;
import java.net.HttpURLConnection;
import java.net.URL;
import java.util.Map;

/**
 * HTTP请求工具类
 * GET、POST、POST(JSON格式参数)
 *
 * @author chenyi
 * date: create on 2019/4/27
 */
public class HttpUtil {
    /**
     * 发送GET请求
     *
     * @param requestUrl 发送请求的URL
     * @param params     param1=value1&param2=value2
     * @return 远程资源响应结果 local-Error:本地请求错误
     */
    public static String getRequest(String requestUrl, String params) {
        requestUrl = requestUrl + "?" + params;
        return HttpUtil.getGeneralUrl(requestUrl);
    }

    /**
     * 发送 POST 请求 JSON格式
     *
     * @param requestUrl 请求地址
     * @param jsonParams 请求参数 JSON格式
     * @return 远程资源响应结果 local-Error:本地请求错误
     */
    public static String postJson(String requestUrl, String jsonParams) {
        // 字符集
        String encoding = "utf-8";
        //数据格式
        String contentType = "application/json";
        return HttpUtil.postGeneralUrl(requestUrl, contentType, jsonParams, encoding);
    }

    /**
     * 发送POST请求
     *
     * @param requestUrl 请求URL地址
     * @param params     Map类型的参数
     * @return 远程资源响应结果 local-Error:本地请求错误
     */
    public static String postRequest(String requestUrl, Map<String, String> params) {
        String contentType = "application/x-www-form-urlencoded";
        String encoding = "utf-8";
        String paramsStr = packParams(params);
        return HttpUtil.postGeneralUrl(requestUrl, contentType, paramsStr, encoding);
    }

    /**
     * 发送POST请求
     *
     * @param requestUrl 请求URL地址
     * @param params     param1=value1&param2=value2
     * @return 远程资源响应结果 local-Error:本地请求错误
     */
    public static String postRequest(String requestUrl, String params) {
        String contentType = "application/x-www-form-urlencoded";
        String encoding = "utf-8";
        return HttpUtil.postGeneralUrl(requestUrl, contentType, params, encoding);
    }

    /**
     * 拼接参数 Http参数
     */
    private static String packParams(Map<String, String> paramMap) {
        //参数
        StringBuilder params = new StringBuilder();
        //遍历添加参数
        for (Map.Entry<String, String> entry : paramMap.entrySet()) {
            params.append(entry.getKey()).append("=").append(entry.getValue()).append("&");
        }
        return params.toString().substring(0, params.length() - 1);
    }

    /**
     * 通用的GET请求
     *
     * @param generalUrl 发送请求的URL
     * @return 远程资源响应结果
     */
    private static String getGeneralUrl(String generalUrl) {
        InputStreamReader inputStreamReader = null;
        BufferedReader bufferedReader = null;
        try {
            URL url = new URL(generalUrl);
            // 打开和URL之间的连接
            HttpURLConnection connection = (HttpURLConnection) url.openConnection();
            // 设置通用的请求属性
            connection.setRequestProperty("Connection", "Keep-Alive");
            // 建立实际的连接
            connection.connect();
            inputStreamReader = new InputStreamReader(connection.getInputStream(), "utf-8");
            bufferedReader = new BufferedReader(inputStreamReader);
            StringBuilder result = new StringBuilder();
            String textLine;
            while ((textLine = bufferedReader.readLine()) != null) {
                result.append(textLine);
            }
            return result.toString();
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } finally {
            //关闭输出流、输入流
            if (bufferedReader != null) {
                try {
                    bufferedReader.close();
                } catch (IOException e) {
                    e.printStackTrace();
                }
            }
            if (inputStreamReader != null) {
                try {
                    inputStreamReader.close();
                } catch (IOException e) {
                    e.printStackTrace();
                }
            }
        }
        return "local-Error";
    }

    /**
     * 通用的POST请求
     *
     * @param generalUrl  请求地址
     * @param contentType 请求类型
     * @param params      参数
     * @param encoding    字符编码
     * @return 远程资源响应结果 local-Error:本地请求错误
     */
    private static String postGeneralUrl(String generalUrl, String contentType, String params, String encoding) {
        OutputStreamWriter out = null;
        InputStreamReader inputStreamReader = null;
        BufferedReader bufferedReader = null;
        try {
            URL url = new URL(generalUrl);
            // 打开和URL之间的连接
            HttpURLConnection connection = (HttpURLConnection) url.openConnection();
            //设置请求方式为POST
            connection.setRequestMethod("POST");
            // 设置通用的请求属性
            //POST请求的Content-Type 为: application/x-www-form-urlencoded
            connection.setRequestProperty("Content-Type", contentType);
            connection.setRequestProperty("Connection", "Keep-Alive");
            connection.setUseCaches(false);
            // 发送POST请求必须设置如下两行
            connection.setDoOutput(true);
            connection.setDoInput(true);
            // 得到请求的输出流对象
            // 获取URLConnection对象对应的输出流
            out = new OutputStreamWriter(connection.getOutputStream(), "UTF-8");
            // 发送请求参数
            out.write(params);
            // flush输出流的缓冲
            out.flush();
            // 建立实际的连接
            connection.connect();
            inputStreamReader = new InputStreamReader(connection.getInputStream(), encoding);
            bufferedReader = new BufferedReader(inputStreamReader);
            StringBuilder result = new StringBuilder();
            String textLine;
            while ((textLine = bufferedReader.readLine()) != null) {
                result.append(textLine);
            }
            return result.toString();
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } finally {
            //关闭输出流、输入流
            if (bufferedReader != null) {
                try {
                    bufferedReader.close();
                } catch (IOException e) {
                    e.printStackTrace();
                }
            }
            if (inputStreamReader != null) {
                try {
                    inputStreamReader.close();
                } catch (IOException e) {
                    e.printStackTrace();
                }
            }
            if (out != null) {
                try {
                    out.close();
                } catch (IOException e) {
                    e.printStackTrace();
                }
            }
        }
        return "local-Error";
    }
}

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