C# Net 使用 openxml 写入对象 到 Excel

C# Net 使用 openxml 写入 对象 到 Excel 中

C# Net 使用openxml写入对象到Excel中


-------------------------文尾看效果---------------------

----------效果一(模板文件写入集合对象)------

----------效果二(新建文件写入集合对象)------



加入包:OpenXml

创建文件:ExcelWrite.cs

复制下面全部代码到文件 ExcelWrite.cs

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Text;
using System.Linq;
using DocumentFormat.OpenXml;
using DocumentFormat.OpenXml.Packaging;
using DocumentFormat.OpenXml.Spreadsheet;
using System.IO;
using System.Reflection;
using System.ComponentModel;
 
namespace YGNT.Office.ExcelXml
{
    /// <summary>
    /// 写入Excel
    /// </summary>
    public class ExcelWrite
    {
        /// <summary>
        /// 写入文本
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="path">文件</param>
        /// <param name="objs">List<T>对象,他的默认值为第一行</param>
        /// <param name="sheetName">把数据加入到工作薄的工作薄名</param>
        /// <param name="goRow">开始行(从1开始)</param>
        /// <param name="goCol">开始列(从1开始)</param>
        public static void WriteObj<T>(string path, List<T> objs, string sheetName = "", uint goRow = 1, int goCol = 1) where T : new()
        {
            using (SpreadsheetDocument spreadSheet = SpreadsheetDocument.Open(path, true))
            {
                var type = objs.GetType();
                var enumer = type.GetInterface("IEnumerable", false);
                if (type.IsGenericType && enumer != null)
                {
                    WorkbookPart workbookPart = spreadSheet.WorkbookPart;
 
                    //获取第一个工作表
                    Sheet sheet = ExcelSeek.SeekSheet(workbookPart, sheetName);
                    WorksheetPart worksheetPart = ExcelSeek.GetWorksheetPart(workbookPart, sheet);
 
                    //如果SharedStringTablePart不存在创建一个新的
                    SharedStringTablePart shareStringPart;
                    if (workbookPart.GetPartsOfType<SharedStringTablePart>().Count() > 0)
                        shareStringPart = workbookPart.GetPartsOfType<SharedStringTablePart>().First();
                    else
                        shareStringPart = workbookPart.AddNewPart<SharedStringTablePart>();
 
                    //如果部分不包含SharedStringTable,则创建一个。
                    if (shareStringPart.SharedStringTable == null)
                        shareStringPart.SharedStringTable = new SharedStringTable();
 
                    uint row = goRow;
                    int col = goCol;
                    List<string> paiChu = new List<string>();
 
                    T t = new T();
                    //表头
                    //取类上的自定义特性
                    bool isPaiChuClass = false;
                    var newType = t.GetType();
                    var exc = (IEnumerable<ExcelColumnAttribute>)newType.GetCustomAttributes(typeof(ExcelColumnAttribute));
                    if (exc.Any() && !exc.First().IsShow)
                        isPaiChuClass = true;
 
                    //取属性上的自定义特性
                    foreach (var property in newType.GetRuntimeProperties())
                    {
                        ExcelColumnAttribute att = null;
                        var atts = (IEnumerable<ExcelColumnAttribute>)property.GetCustomAttributes(typeof(ExcelColumnAttribute));
                        if (atts.Any())
                            att = atts.First();
 
                        if (att != null && !att.IsShow)
                        {
                            paiChu.Add(property.Name);
                            continue;
                        }
                        //排除了类的列后不允许添加默认行
                        else if (isPaiChuClass)
                            continue;
                        else if (att == null || string.IsNullOrEmpty(att.ColumnName))
                            NewMethod(row, col, property.Name, shareStringPart, worksheetPart);
                        else
                            NewMethod(row, col, att.ColumnName, shareStringPart, worksheetPart);
 
                        col++;
                    }
 
                    if (!isPaiChuClass)
                        row++;
 
 
                    表头
                    //foreach (object obj in objs as dynamic)
                    //{
                    //    //取类上的自定义特性
                    //    bool isPaiChuClass = false;
                    //    var newType = obj.GetType();
                    //    var exc = (IEnumerable<ExcelColumnAttribute>)newType.GetCustomAttributes(typeof(ExcelColumnAttribute));
                    //    if (exc.Any() && !exc.First().IsShow)
                    //        isPaiChuClass = true;
 
                    //    //取属性上的自定义特性
                    //    foreach (var property in newType.GetRuntimeProperties())
                    //    {
                    //        ExcelColumnAttribute att = null;
                    //        var atts = (IEnumerable<ExcelColumnAttribute>)property.GetCustomAttributes(typeof(ExcelColumnAttribute));
                    //        if (atts.Any())
                    //            att = atts.First();
 
                    //        if (att != null && !att.IsShow)
                    //        {
                    //            paiChu.Add(property.Name);
                    //            continue;
                    //        }
                    //        //排除了类的列后不允许添加默认行
                    //        else if (isPaiChuClass)
                    //            continue;
                    //        else if (att == null || string.IsNullOrEmpty(att.ColumnName))
                    //            NewMethod(row, col, property.Name, shareStringPart, worksheetPart);
                    //        else
                    //            NewMethod(row, col, att.ColumnName, shareStringPart, worksheetPart);
 
                    //        col++;
                    //    }
 
                    //    if (!isPaiChuClass)
                    //        row++;
 
                    //    break;
                    //}
 
                    //正文
                    foreach (object obj in objs as dynamic)
                    {
                        col = goCol;
                        foreach (var property in obj.GetType().GetRuntimeProperties())
                        {
                            if (paiChu.Contains(property.Name))
                                continue;
 
                            //var aaa = property.PropertyType.Name;
                            var value = property.GetValue(obj)?.ToString() ?? "";
 
                            NewMethod(row, col, value, shareStringPart, worksheetPart);
 
                            col++;
                        }
                        row++;
                    }
 
                    //保存新工作表
                    worksheetPart.Worksheet.Save();
                }
                else
                {
                    throw new Exception("需要是一个泛型集合");
                }
            }
        }
 
        private static void NewMethod(uint row, int column, string text, SharedStringTablePart shareStringPart, WorksheetPart worksheetPart)
        {
            #region 将文本插入到SharedStringTablePart中
 
            int index = 0;
 
            //遍历SharedStringTable中的所有项。如果文本已经存在,则返回其索引。
            foreach (SharedStringItem item in shareStringPart.SharedStringTable.Elements<SharedStringItem>())
            {
                if (item.InnerText == text)
                    break;
                index++;
            }
 
            //这部分没有正文。创建SharedStringItem并返回它的索引。
            shareStringPart.SharedStringTable.AppendChild(new SharedStringItem(new DocumentFormat.OpenXml.Spreadsheet.Text(text)));
 
            #endregion
 
            #region 将单元格A1插入工作表
 
            Worksheet worksheet = worksheetPart.Worksheet;
            SheetData sheetData = worksheet.GetFirstChild<SheetData>();
 
            string columnName = ExcelAlphabet.ColumnToABC(column);
            uint rowIndex = row;
 
            string cellReference = columnName + rowIndex;
 
            //如果工作表不包含具有指定行索引的行,则插入一行
            Row rowobj;
            if (sheetData.Elements<Row>().Where(r => r.RowIndex == rowIndex).Count() != 0)
            {
                rowobj = sheetData.Elements<Row>().Where(r => r.RowIndex == rowIndex).First();
            }
            else
            {
                rowobj = new Row() { RowIndex = rowIndex };
                sheetData.Append(rowobj);
            }
 
            Cell newCell2;
            //如果没有具有指定列名的单元格,则插入一个。
            if (rowobj.Elements<Cell>().Where(c => c.CellReference.Value == columnName + rowIndex).Count() > 0)
            {
                newCell2 = rowobj.Elements<Cell>().Where(c => c.CellReference.Value == cellReference).First();
            }
            else
            {
                //细胞必须按照细胞参考的顺序排列。确定在何处插入新单元格。
                Cell refCell = null;
                foreach (Cell item in rowobj.Elements<Cell>())
                {
                    if (item.CellReference.Value.Length == cellReference.Length)
                    {
                        if (string.Compare(item.CellReference.Value, cellReference, true) > 0)
                        {
                            refCell = item;
                            break;
                        }
                    }
                }
 
                Cell newCell = new Cell() { CellReference = cellReference };
                rowobj.InsertBefore(newCell, refCell);
 
                newCell2 = newCell;
            }
            #endregion
 
            //设置单元格A1的值
            newCell2.CellValue = new CellValue(index.ToString());
            newCell2.DataType = new EnumValue<CellValues>(CellValues.SharedString);
        }
 
        /// <summary>
        /// 写入文本
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="path"></param>
        /// <param name="row">行</param>
        /// <param name="column">列</param>
        /// <param name="text">文本</param>
        /// <param name="sheetName">工作薄</param>
        public static void WriteText(string path, uint row, int column, string text, string sheetName = "")
        {
            using (SpreadsheetDocument spreadSheet = SpreadsheetDocument.Open(path, true))
            {
                WorkbookPart workbookPart = spreadSheet.WorkbookPart;
 
                //如果SharedStringTablePart不存在创建一个新的
                SharedStringTablePart shareStringPart;
                if (workbookPart.GetPartsOfType<SharedStringTablePart>().Count() > 0)
                    shareStringPart = workbookPart.GetPartsOfType<SharedStringTablePart>().First();
                else
                    shareStringPart = workbookPart.AddNewPart<SharedStringTablePart>();
 
                //将文本插入到SharedStringTablePart中
                int index = InsertSharedStringItem(text, shareStringPart);
 
                //获取第一个工作表
                Sheet sheet = ExcelSeek.SeekSheet(workbookPart, sheetName);
                WorksheetPart worksheetPart = ExcelSeek.GetWorksheetPart(workbookPart, sheet);
 
                //将单元格A1插入新工作表
                Cell cell = InsertCellInWorksheet(ExcelAlphabet.ColumnToABC(column), row, worksheetPart);
 
                //设置单元格A1的值
                cell.CellValue = new CellValue(index.ToString());
                cell.DataType = new EnumValue<CellValues>(CellValues.SharedString);
 
                //保存新工作表
                worksheetPart.Worksheet.Save();
            }
        }
 
        //验证指定的文本是否存在于 SharedStringTablePart 对象中,并在不存在时添加文本
        private static int InsertSharedStringItem(string text, SharedStringTablePart shareStringPart)
        {
            //如果部分不包含SharedStringTable,则创建一个。
            if (shareStringPart.SharedStringTable == null)
                shareStringPart.SharedStringTable = new SharedStringTable();
 
            int i = 0;
 
            //遍历SharedStringTable中的所有项。如果文本已经存在,则返回其索引。
            foreach (SharedStringItem item in shareStringPart.SharedStringTable.Elements<SharedStringItem>())
            {
                if (item.InnerText == text)
                    return i;
 
                i++;
            }
 
            //这部分没有正文。创建SharedStringItem并返回它的索引。
            shareStringPart.SharedStringTable.AppendChild(new SharedStringItem(new DocumentFormat.OpenXml.Spreadsheet.Text(text)));
            shareStringPart.SharedStringTable.Save();
 
            return i;
        }
 
        /// <summary>
        /// 插入一个新的工作表(如Sheet2)
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="workbookPart">工作簿</param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public static WorksheetPart InsertWorksheet(WorkbookPart workbookPart)
        {
            //向工作簿添加新工作表部件。
            WorksheetPart newWorksheetPart = workbookPart.AddNewPart<WorksheetPart>();
            newWorksheetPart.Worksheet = new Worksheet(new SheetData());
            newWorksheetPart.Worksheet.Save();
 
            Sheets sheets = workbookPart.Workbook.GetFirstChild<Sheets>();
            string relationshipId = workbookPart.GetIdOfPart(newWorksheetPart);
 
            //为新工作表获取唯一的ID
            uint sheetId = 1;
            if (sheets.Elements<Sheet>().Count() > 0)
            {
                sheetId = sheets.Elements<Sheet>().Select(s => s.SheetId.Value).Max() + 1;
            }
 
            string sheetName = "Sheet" + sheetId;
 
            //附加新工作表并将其与工作簿关联。
            Sheet sheet = new Sheet() { Id = relationshipId, SheetId = sheetId, Name = sheetName };
            sheets.Append(sheet);
            workbookPart.Workbook.Save();
 
            return newWorksheetPart;
        }
 
        // 将新的 Cell 对象插入到 Worksheet 对象中
        private static Cell InsertCellInWorksheet(string columnName, uint rowIndex, WorksheetPart worksheetPart)
        {
            Worksheet worksheet = worksheetPart.Worksheet;
            SheetData sheetData = worksheet.GetFirstChild<SheetData>();
            string cellReference = columnName + rowIndex;
 
            //如果工作表不包含具有指定行索引的行,则插入一行
            Row row;
            if (sheetData.Elements<Row>().Where(r => r.RowIndex == rowIndex).Count() != 0)
            {
                row = sheetData.Elements<Row>().Where(r => r.RowIndex == rowIndex).First();
            }
            else
            {
                row = new Row() { RowIndex = rowIndex };
                sheetData.Append(row);
            }
 
            //如果没有具有指定列名的单元格,则插入一个。
            if (row.Elements<Cell>().Where(c => c.CellReference.Value == columnName + rowIndex).Count() > 0)
            {
                return row.Elements<Cell>().Where(c => c.CellReference.Value == cellReference).First();
            }
            else
            {
                //细胞必须按照细胞参考的顺序排列。确定在何处插入新单元格。
                Cell refCell = null;
                foreach (Cell cell in row.Elements<Cell>())
                {
                    if (cell.CellReference.Value.Length == cellReference.Length)
                    {
                        if (string.Compare(cell.CellReference.Value, cellReference, true) > 0)
                        {
                            refCell = cell;
                            break;
                        }
                    }
                }
 
                Cell newCell = new Cell() { CellReference = cellReference };
                row.InsertBefore(newCell, refCell);
 
                worksheet.Save();
                return newCell;
            }
        }
 
    }
}
  

创建文件:ExcelSeek.cs

复制下面全部代码到文件 ExcelSeek.cs

 
using DocumentFormat.OpenXml.Packaging;
using DocumentFormat.OpenXml.Spreadsheet;
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
 
namespace YCBX.Office.ExcelXml
{
    public class ExcelSeek
    {
        /// <summary>
        /// 在工作薄中查找工作表
        /// </summary>
        public static Sheet SeekSheet(WorkbookPart workbookPart, string sheetName = "")
        {
            //获取所有工作薄
            IEnumerable<Sheet> sheets = workbookPart.Workbook.Descendants<Sheet>();
            Sheet sheet = null;
 
            if (!sheets.Any())
                throw new ArgumentException("空的Excel文档");
 
            if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(sheetName))
                sheet = sheets.First();
            else
            {
                if (sheets.Count(o => o.Name == sheetName) <= 0)
                    throw new ArgumentException($"没有找到工作薄“{sheetName}”");
                sheet = sheets.First(o => o.Name == sheetName);
            }
            return sheet;
        }
 
        /// <summary>
        /// 根据工作表获取工作页
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="sheet">工作表</param>
        /// <returns>工作页</returns>
        public static WorksheetPart GetWorksheetPart(WorkbookPart workbookPart, Sheet sheet)
        {
            return (WorksheetPart)workbookPart.GetPartById(sheet.Id);
        }
 
    }
}
  

创建文件:ExcelCreate.cs

复制vb.net教程下面全部代码到文件 ExcelCreate.cs

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.IO;
using System.Text;
using DocumentFormat.OpenXml;
using DocumentFormat.OpenXml.Packaging;
using DocumentFormat.OpenXml.Spreadsheet;
 
namespace YCBX.Office.ExcelXml
{
    /// <summary>
    /// 创建Excel
    /// </summary>
    public class ExcelCreate
    {
 
        /// <summary>
        /// 新的空白Excel文档
        /// </summary>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public static void NewCreate(string path)
        {
            //创建 xlsx
            SpreadsheetDocument spreadsheetDocument = SpreadsheetDocument.Create(path, SpreadsheetDocumentType.Workbook);
 
            //将工作簿部件添加到文档中
            WorkbookPart workbookpart = spreadsheetDocument.AddWorkbookPart();
            workbookpart.Workbook = new Workbook();
 
            //将工作表部分添加到工作簿部分
            WorksheetPart worksheetPart = workbookpart.AddNewPart<WorksheetPart>();
            worksheetPart.Worksheet = new Worksheet(new SheetData());
 
            //将工作表添加到工作簿
            Sheets sheets = spreadsheetDocument.WorkbookPart.Workbook.
                AppendChild<Sheets>(new Sheets());
 
            //附加新工作表并将其与工作簿关联
            Sheet sheet = new Sheet()
            {
                Id = spreadsheetDocument.WorkbookPart.
                GetIdOfPart(worksheetPart),
                SheetId = 1,
                Name = "Sheet1"
            };
            sheets.Append(sheet);
 
            workbookpart.Workbook.Save();
            spreadsheetDocument.Close();
        }
 
        /// <summary>
        /// 新的空白Excel文档
        /// </summary>
        /// <returns>临时的文件</returns>
        public static string NewCreate()
        {
            var file = Path.ChangeExtension(Path.GetRandomFileName(), ".xlsx");
 
            NewCreate(file);
 
            //var memoryStream = new MemoryStream(File.ReadAllBytes(tempFileName));
 
            return file;
        }
    }
}
  

创建文件:ExcelColumnAttribute.cs

复制下面全部代码到文件 ExcelColumnAttribute.cs

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.ComponentModel;
using System.Text;
 
namespace YCBX.Office.ExcelXml
{
    /// <summary>
    /// Excel列特性
    /// </summary>
    public class ExcelColumnAttribute : Attribute
    //: DescriptionAttribute
    {
        /// <summary>
        /// 建议列名
        /// </summary>
        public virtual string ColumnName { get; }
 
        /// <summary>
        /// 是否显示列
        /// </summary>
        public virtual bool IsShow { get; }
 
        /// <summary>
        /// 初始化Excel列名的特性
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="isShow">是否显示列(在类上为false时不解析默认第一行,在属性上为false时不显示属性的值)</param>
        public ExcelColumnAttribute(bool isShow = true)
        {
            IsShow = isShow;
        }
 
        /// <summary>
        /// 初始化Excel列名的特性
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="description">建议列名(在属性上为Excel中的第一行的头值)</param>
        /// <param name="isShow">是否显示列(在类上为false时不解析默认第一行,在属性上为false时不显示属性的值)</param>
        public ExcelColumnAttribute(string description, bool isShow = true)
        {
            ColumnName = description;
            IsShow = isShow;
        }
 
    }
}
  

创建文件:ExcelAlphabet.cs

复制下面c#教程全部代码到文件 ExcelAlphabet.cs

using DocumentFormat.OpenXml.Spreadsheet;
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Text;
 
namespace YCBX.Office.ExcelXml
{
    /// <summary>
    /// Excel字母码帮助(26进制转换)
    /// </summary>
    public class ExcelAlphabet
    {
        //备注 A 对应char为65,Z 对应char为90
 
        /// <summary>
        /// 26个字母
        /// </summary>
        public static uint AlphabetCount = 26;
 
        /// <summary>
        /// 数字转字符
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="iNumber"></param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public static string ColumnToABC(int iNumber)
        {
            if (iNumber < 1 || iNumber > 702)
                throw new Exception("转为26进制可用10进制范围为1-702");
 
            string sLetters = "ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ";
            int iUnits = 26;
            int iDivisor = (int)(iNumber / iUnits);
            int iResidue = iNumber % iUnits;
            if (iDivisor == 1 && iResidue == 0)
            {
                iDivisor = 0;
                iResidue = iResidue + iUnits;
            }
            else
            {
                if (iResidue == 0)
                {
                    iDivisor -= 1;
                    iResidue += iUnits;
                }
            }
            if (iDivisor == 0)
            {
                return sLetters.Substring(iResidue - 1, 1);
            }
            else
            {
                return sLetters.Substring(iDivisor - 1, 1) + sLetters.Substring(iResidue - 1, 1);
            }
        }
 
        /// <summary>
        /// 字符转数字
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="sString"></param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public static int ABCToColumn(string sString)
        {
            if (string.Compare(sString, "A") == -1 || string.Compare(sString, "ZZ") == 1)
                return 0;
 
            string sLetters = "ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ";
            int iUnits = 26;
            int sFirst = -1;
            int sSecond = 0;
            if (sString.Length == 1)
            {
                sSecond = sLetters.IndexOf(sString);
            }
            else
            {
                sFirst = sLetters.IndexOf(sString.Substring(0, 1));
                sSecond = sLetters.IndexOf(sString.Substring(1, 1));
            }
            return (sFirst + 1) * iUnits + (sSecond + 1);
        }
    }
}
  

 

-------------调用方式一(模板文件写入集合对象)----------------------------


  1. 准备模板文件

在这里插入图片描述

2.准备集合model

[ExcelColumn(false)]
public class StatisticalLearningModel
{
    /// <summary>
    /// 机构
    /// </summary>
    [ExcelColumn(false)]
    public string Organization { get; set; }
    /// <summary>
    /// 班级编号
    /// </summary>
    [ExcelColumn(false)]
    public string ClassId { get; set; }
    /// <summary>
    /// 班级
    /// </summary>
    public string Class { get; set; }
    /// <summary>
    /// 用户id
    /// </summary>
    [ExcelColumn(false)]
    public string StuId { get; set; }
    /// <summary>
    /// 姓名
    /// </summary>
    public string StuName { get; set; }<br>
    //以下省略手机,身份证等属性....
}

3.调用

List<StatisticalLearningModel> data = StudentDB.StatisticalLearning(dto).PageData;
 
//写入到excel
var path = Path.ChangeExtension(Path.GetRandomFileName(), ".xlsx");
System.IO.File.Copy(@"OfficeFile\学员学习统计模板.xlsx", path, true);
ExcelWrite.WriteObj(path, data, string.Empty, 3);

4.效果

在这里插入图片描述


-------------调用方式二(新建文件写入集合对象)----------------------------


1.准备集合model

public class StudentListModel
{
    /// <summary>
    /// 机构
    /// </summary>
    [ExcelColumn(false)]
    public string Organization { get; set; }
    /// <summary>
    /// 班级
    /// </summary>
    [ExcelColumn("班级名")]
    public string Class { get; set; }
    /// <summary>
    /// 用户id
    /// </summary>
    [ExcelColumn(false)]
    public string StuId { get; set; }
    /// <summary>
    /// 姓名
    /// </summary>
    [ExcelColumn("姓名")]
    public string StuName { get; set; }<br>
    //以下省略身份证手机等属性....
}

2.调用

var data = StudentDB.StudentList(studentList).PageData;
 
//写入到excel
var path = ExcelCreate.NewCreate();
ExcelWrite.WriteObj(path, data);
  

3.效果

在这里插入图片描述

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要将图片设置为浮于文字上方,可以使用OpenXML中的DrawingML元素。具体步骤如下: 1. 创建一个DrawingML元素,将其添加到文档中。 ``` Drawing drawing = new Drawing(); document.MainDocumentPart.Document.Body.Append(drawing); ``` 2. 创建一个Anchor元素,设置其属性和位置信息。 ``` Anchor anchor = new Anchor(); anchor.DistanceFromTop = new DistanceFromTop(0); anchor.DistanceFromBottom = new DistanceFromBottom(0); anchor.DistanceFromLeft = new DistanceFromLeft(0); anchor.DistanceFromRight = new DistanceFromRight(0); anchor.SimplePositioning = new SimplePositioning(); anchor.SimplePositioning.HorizontalPosition = new HorizontalPosition() { RelativeFrom = HorizontalRelativePositionValues.Column, PositionOffset = new PositionOffset(0) }; anchor.SimplePositioning.VerticalPosition = new VerticalPosition() { RelativeFrom = VerticalRelativePositionValues.Paragraph, PositionOffset = new PositionOffset(0) }; anchor.Append(new SimplePosition() { X = 0L, Y = 0L }); ``` 3. 创建一个Inline元素,并将其添加到Anchor元素中。 ``` Inline inline = new Inline(); inline.Extent = new Extent() { Cx = 1000000L, Cy = 1000000L }; inline.DocProperties = new DocProperties() { Id = "1", Name = "Picture 1" }; inline.Graphic = new Graphic(); inline.Graphic.GraphicData = new GraphicData() { Uri = "http://schemas.openxmlformats.org/drawingml/2006/picture" }; inline.Graphic.GraphicData.AppendChild(new Pic() { NonVisualPictureProperties = new NonVisualPictureProperties() { NonVisualDrawingProperties = new NonVisualDrawingProperties() { Id = 0, Name = "New Bitmap Image.jpg" }, NonVisualPictureDrawingProperties = new NonVisualPictureDrawingProperties() }, BlipFill = new BlipFill() { Blip = new Blip() { Embed = "rId1" }, SourceRectangle = new SourceRectangle() }, Stretch = new Stretch() { FillRectangle = new FillRectangle() } }); anchor.AppendChild(inline); ``` 4. 将图片文件添加到文档中,并将其与Inline元素关联。 ``` string imagePath = "image.jpg"; ImagePart imagePart = document.MainDocumentPart.AddImagePart(ImagePartType.Jpeg); using (FileStream stream = new FileStream(imagePath, FileMode.Open)) { imagePart.FeedData(stream); } inline.Graphic.GraphicData.Pic.Blip.Embed = document.MainDocumentPart.GetIdOfPart(imagePart); ``` 通过以上步骤,你可以将图片设置为浮于文字上方。

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