python发送html邮件

python发送邮件

python发送html邮件的的API可以参考python官方文档,但是可能会出现邮件的样式不符合预期,例如样式不全,图片展示异常等。这里总结2个踩过的坑的经验:

  1. html要使用table的方式布局,不排除现在有些邮件客户端对div方式的布局支持也挺好的,对于布局比较简单的html邮件,一般table布局和div都可以,但是对于布局复杂的邮件,使用div不一定会有问题,但是有问题的几率就会增大,对于各式各样的邮件客户端,其兼容性也不如table布局好。
  2. 对于图片,使用html嵌入svg代码的方式,有些邮件客户端支持,有些支持的不好,因此最好的方式还是使用附件的方式。

一个简答的发送邮件的例子程序:

├── email_template.html
├── foot.jpg
├── head.jpg
└── send_email.py

email_template.html

<html>
<head>
    <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8">
    <title>告警邮件</title>
</head>
<body>
<table width="800px" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" align="center">
    <tr>
        <td><img src="cid:head_jpg" width="800px"/></td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
        <table width="800px" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0">
            <tr>
                <td width="100px"></td>
                <td width="600px">
                    <table>
                        <tr>
                            <td>这是正文</td>
                        </tr>
                        <tr>
                            <td>这是正文</td>
                        </tr>
                        <tr>
                            <td>这是正文</td>
                        </tr>
                        <tr>
                            <td>这是正文</td>
                        </tr>
                    </table>
                </td>
                <td width="100px"></td>
            </tr>
        </table>
    </tr>
    <tr>
        <td><img src="cid:foot_jpg" width="800px"/></td>
    </tr>
</table>
</body>
</html>

send_mail.py

#!/usr/bin/env python
# coding=utf-8
"""
Send html email test
"""
import os
from email.header import Header
from email.mime.image import MIMEImage
from email.mime.multipart import MIMEMultipart
from email.mime.text import MIMEText
import smtplib

_EMAIL_TEMPLATE = 'email_template.html'


def _get_mime_image(image_path, cid):
    with open(image_path, 'rb') as f:
        msg_image = MIMEImage(f.read())
    msg_image.add_header('Content-ID', '<%s>' % cid)
    return msg_image


def _get_mime_text(html_content):
    msg_alternative = MIMEMultipart('alternative')
    msg_text = MIMEText(html_content, 'html', 'utf-8')
    msg_alternative.attach(msg_text)
    return msg_alternative


def _get_email_template():
    cur_path = os.path.dirname(__file__)
    email_template_path = os.path.join(cur_path, _EMAIL_TEMPLATE)
    with open(email_template_path, 'r') as f:
        content = f.read()
    return content


def main():
    email_server_host = 'smtp.163.com'
    email_server_port = 465
    username = 'user_sender@163.com'
    password = 'password'
    receivers = ['user_revicer@qq.com', username]

    msg_root = MIMEMultipart('related')
    msg_root['Subject'] = Header(u'发送邮件测试', 'utf-8')
    msg_root['From'] = username
    msg_root['To'] = '; '.join(receivers)

    html_content = _get_email_template()
    msg_root.attach(_get_mime_text(html_content))

    cur_path = os.path.dirname(__file__)
    head_jpg = os.path.join(cur_path, 'head.jpg')
    msg_root.attach(_get_mime_image(head_jpg, 'head_jpg'))

    foot_jpg = os.path.join(cur_path, 'foot.jpg')
    msg_root.attach(_get_mime_image(foot_jpg, 'foot_jpg'))

    client = smtplib.SMTP_SSL(email_server_host, email_server_port)
    client.login(username, password)
    client.sendmail(username, receivers, msg_root.as_string())
    client.quit()


if __name__ == '__main__':
    main()

转载于:https://my.oschina.net/u/1393056/blog/2000150

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