SpringBoot学习---第五篇:动态数据源(多数据源自动切换)

目录

一、应用场景

二、准备工作

2.1  创建数据表

2.2 添加依赖

2.3 生成 bean、dao、mapper

三、动态数据源

3.1 配置文件 application.properties

3.2 动态数据源核心代码

3.3 启动类添加注解

四、使用方法

4.1 Controller

4.2 Service

五、测试

六、Springboot2.0动态多数据源切换

 

参考文献


一、应用场景

项目需要从自己的数据库上读取和管理数据外,还有一部分业务涉及到其他多个数据库。

为了能够灵活地指定具体的数据库,本文基于注解和AOP的方法实现多数据源自动切换。在使用过程中,只需要添加注解就可以使用,简单方便。

二、准备工作

2.1  创建数据表

USE test;
CREATE TABLE `user` (
  `id` int(11) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
  `name` varchar(255) NOT NULL,
  `age` int(11) NOT NULL,
  PRIMARY KEY (`id`)
) ENGINE=InnoDB AUTO_INCREMENT=3 DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8


USE test1;
CREATE TABLE `teacher` (
  `tid` int(11) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
  `tname` varchar(255) NOT NULL,
  `tage` int(11) NOT NULL,
  PRIMARY KEY (`tid`)
) ENGINE=InnoDB AUTO_INCREMENT=3 DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8



USE test2;
CREATE TABLE `student` (
  `sid` int(11) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
  `sname` varchar(255) NOT NULL,
  `sage` int(11) NOT NULL,
  PRIMARY KEY (`sid`)
) ENGINE=InnoDB AUTO_INCREMENT=3 DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8

2.2 添加依赖

spring boot:1.5.8.RELEASE

mysql:5.1.44

mybatis:1.3.2

druid:1.1.3

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
	xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
	<modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>

	<groupId>com.example</groupId>
	<artifactId>dynamic-data-source</artifactId>
	<version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
	<packaging>jar</packaging>

	<name>dynamic-data-source</name>
	<description>Demo project for Spring Boot</description>

	<parent>
		<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
		<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-parent</artifactId>
		<version>1.5.8.RELEASE</version>
		<relativePath/> <!-- lookup parent from repository -->
	</parent>

	<properties>
		<project.build.sourceEncoding>UTF-8</project.build.sourceEncoding>
		<project.reporting.outputEncoding>UTF-8</project.reporting.outputEncoding>
		<java.version>1.8</java.version>
	</properties>

	<dependencies>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
			<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-web</artifactId>
		</dependency>

		<!--mysql-->
		<dependency>
			<groupId>mysql</groupId>
			<artifactId>mysql-connector-java</artifactId>
			<scope>runtime</scope>
		</dependency>
		<!--mybatis-->
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.mybatis.spring.boot</groupId>
			<artifactId>mybatis-spring-boot-starter</artifactId>
			<version>1.3.2</version>
		</dependency>
		<!--aop-->
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
			<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-aop</artifactId>
		</dependency>
		<!--数据库连接池-->
		<dependency>
			<groupId>com.alibaba</groupId>
			<artifactId>druid</artifactId>
			<version>1.1.3</version>
		</dependency>

		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
			<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-test</artifactId>
			<scope>test</scope>
		</dependency>
	</dependencies>

	<build>
		<plugins>
			<plugin>
				<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
				<artifactId>spring-boot-maven-plugin</artifactId>
			</plugin>
			<!-- mybatis generator 自动生成代码插件 -->
			<plugin>
				<groupId>org.mybatis.generator</groupId>
				<artifactId>mybatis-generator-maven-plugin</artifactId>
				<version>1.3.2</version>
				<configuration>				
					<overwrite>true</overwrite>
					<verbose>true</verbose>
				</configuration>
			</plugin>
		</plugins>
	</build>
</project>

2.3 生成 bean、dao、mapper

使用MyBatis Generator自动生成,方法如下:https://blog.csdn.net/cllaure/article/details/81483858

三、动态数据源

3.1 配置文件 application.properties

custom.datasource.defaultname=default
custom.datasource.names=ds1,ds2

# 默认数据源
custom.datasource.driver-class-name=com.mysql.jdbc.Driver
custom.datasource.url=jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/test
custom.datasource.username=root
custom.datasource.password=root

# 更多数据源
custom.datasource.ds1.driver-class-name=com.mysql.jdbc.Driver
custom.datasource.ds1.url=jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/test1
custom.datasource.ds1.username=root
custom.datasource.ds1.password=root

custom.datasource.ds2.driver-class-name=com.mysql.jdbc.Driver
custom.datasource.ds2.url=jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/test2
custom.datasource.ds2.username=root
custom.datasource.ds2.password=root


custom.datasource.filters=stat
custom.datasource.maxActive=100
custom.datasource.initialSize=1
custom.datasource.minIdle=1
custom.datasource.timeBetweenEvictionRunsMillis=60000
custom.datasource.minEvictableIdleTimeMillis=300000
custom.datasource.validationQuery=select 'x'
custom.datasource.testWhileIdle=true
custom.datasource.testOnBorrow=false
custom.datasource.testOnReturn=false
custom.datasource.poolPreparedStatements=true
custom.datasource.maxOpenPreparedStatements=100

mybatis.type-aliases-package=com.example.demo.model.*
mybatis.mapper-locations=classpath:mapper/**/*.xml

3.2 动态数据源核心代码

DynamicDataSource:动态数据源切换;
DynamicDataSourceAspect:利用AOP切面实现数据源的动态切换;
DynamicDataSourceContextHolder:动态切换数据源;
DynamicDataSourceRegister:动态数据源注册;
TargetDataSource:在方法上使用,用于指定使用哪个数据源。
package com.example.demo.datasource;
import org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.lookup.AbstractRoutingDataSource;

/**
 * 动态数据源
 */
public class DynamicDataSource extends AbstractRoutingDataSource {
    @Override
    protected Object determineCurrentLookupKey() {
        return DynamicDataSourceContextHolder.getDataSourceType();
    }
}
package com.example.demo.datasource;

import org.aspectj.lang.JoinPoint;
import org.aspectj.lang.annotation.After;
import org.aspectj.lang.annotation.Aspect;
import org.aspectj.lang.annotation.Before;
import org.slf4j.Logger;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;
import org.springframework.core.annotation.Order;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;

/**
 * 切换数据源Advice
 */
@Aspect
@Order(-1)// 保证该AOP在@Transactional之前执行
@Component
public class DynamicDataSourceAspect {
    private static final Logger logger = LoggerFactory.getLogger(DynamicDataSourceAspect.class);

    @Before("@annotation(ds)")
    public void changeDataSource(JoinPoint point, TargetDataSource ds) throws Throwable {
        String dsId = ds.name();
        if (!DynamicDataSourceContextHolder.containsDataSource(dsId)) {
            logger.error("数据源[{}]不存在,使用默认数据源 > {}", ds.name(), point.getSignature());
        }else {
            logger.debug("Use DataSource : {} > {}", dsId, point.getSignature());
            DynamicDataSourceContextHolder.setDataSourceType(dsId);
        }

    }
    @After("@annotation(ds)")
    public void restoreDataSource(JoinPoint point, TargetDataSource ds) {
        logger.debug("Revert DataSource : {} > {}", ds.name(), point.getSignature());
        DynamicDataSourceContextHolder.clearDataSourceType();
    }
}
package com.example.demo.datasource;

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;

public class DynamicDataSourceContextHolder {
    private static final ThreadLocal<String> contextHolder = new ThreadLocal<>();
    public static List<String> dataSourceIds = new ArrayList<>();

    public static void setDataSourceType(String dataSourceType) {
        contextHolder.set(dataSourceType);
    }

    public static String getDataSourceType() {
        return contextHolder.get();
    }

    public static void clearDataSourceType() {
        contextHolder.remove();
    }

    /**
     * 判断指定DataSrouce当前是否存在
     */
    public static boolean containsDataSource(String dataSourceId){
        return dataSourceIds.contains(dataSourceId);
    }
}
package com.example.demo.datasource;

import org.slf4j.Logger;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;
import org.springframework.beans.MutablePropertyValues;
import org.springframework.beans.PropertyValues;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Value;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.support.BeanDefinitionRegistry;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.support.GenericBeanDefinition;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.jdbc.DataSourceBuilder;
import org.springframework.boot.bind.RelaxedDataBinder;
import org.springframework.boot.bind.RelaxedPropertyResolver;
import org.springframework.context.EnvironmentAware;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.ImportBeanDefinitionRegistrar;
import org.springframework.core.convert.ConversionService;
import org.springframework.core.convert.support.DefaultConversionService;
import org.springframework.core.env.Environment;
import org.springframework.core.type.AnnotationMetadata;

import javax.sql.DataSource;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Map;

/**
 *  动态数据源注册
 *  启动动态数据源请在启动类中 添加 @Import(DynamicDataSourceRegister.class)
 */
public class DynamicDataSourceRegister
        implements ImportBeanDefinitionRegistrar, EnvironmentAware {

    private static final Logger logger = LoggerFactory.getLogger(DynamicDataSourceRegister.class);
    private ConversionService conversionService = new DefaultConversionService();
    private PropertyValues dataSourcePropertyValues;

    // 如配置文件中未指定数据源类型,使用该默认值
    private static final Object DATASOURCE_TYPE_DEFAULT = "com.alibaba.druid.pool.DruidDataSource";

    // 数据源
    private DataSource defaultDataSource;
    private Map<String, DataSource> customDataSources = new HashMap<>();

    private static String DB_NAME = "names";
    private static String DB_DEFAULT_VALUE = "custom.datasource"; //配置文件中前缀
    @Value("${bi.datasource.defaultname}")
    private String defaultDbname;

    //加载多数据源配置
    @Override
    public void setEnvironment(Environment env) {
        initDefaultDataSource(env);
        initCustomDataSources(env);
    }

    //初始化主数据源
    private void initDefaultDataSource(Environment env) {
        // 读取主数据源
        RelaxedPropertyResolver propertyResolver = new RelaxedPropertyResolver(env, DB_DEFAULT_VALUE+".");
        Map<String, Object> dsMap = new HashMap<>();
        dsMap.put("type", propertyResolver.getProperty("type"));
        dsMap.put("driver-class-name", propertyResolver.getProperty("driver-class-name"));
        dsMap.put("url", propertyResolver.getProperty("url"));
        dsMap.put("username", propertyResolver.getProperty("username"));
        dsMap.put("password", propertyResolver.getProperty("password"));

        defaultDataSource = buildDataSource(dsMap);
        customDataSources.put(defaultDbname,defaultDataSource);//默认数据源放到动态数据源里
        dataBinder(defaultDataSource, env);
    }


    //为DataSource绑定更多数据
    private void dataBinder(DataSource dataSource, Environment env) {
        RelaxedDataBinder dataBinder = new RelaxedDataBinder(dataSource);
        //dataBinder.setValidator(new LocalValidatorFactory().run(this.applicationContext));
        dataBinder.setConversionService(conversionService);
        dataBinder.setIgnoreNestedProperties(false);//false
        dataBinder.setIgnoreInvalidFields(false);//false
        dataBinder.setIgnoreUnknownFields(true);//true
        if (dataSourcePropertyValues == null) {
            Map<String, Object> rpr = new RelaxedPropertyResolver(env, DB_DEFAULT_VALUE).getSubProperties(".");
            Map<String, Object> values = new HashMap<String, Object>(rpr);
            // 排除已经设置的属性
            values.remove("type");
            values.remove("driver-class-name");
            values.remove("url");
            values.remove("username");
            values.remove("password");
            dataSourcePropertyValues = new MutablePropertyValues(values);
        }
        dataBinder.bind(dataSourcePropertyValues);
    }

    //初始化更多数据源
    private void initCustomDataSources(Environment env) {
        // 读取配置文件获取更多数据源,也可以通过defaultDataSource读取数据库获取更多数据源
        RelaxedPropertyResolver propertyResolver = new RelaxedPropertyResolver(env,DB_DEFAULT_VALUE+".");
        String dsPrefixs = propertyResolver.getProperty(DB_NAME);
        for (String dsPrefix : dsPrefixs.split(",")) {// 多个数据源
            Map<String, Object> dsMap = propertyResolver.getSubProperties(dsPrefix + ".");
            DataSource ds = buildDataSource(dsMap);
            customDataSources.put(dsPrefix, ds);
            dataBinder(ds, env);
        }
    }

    @Override
    public void registerBeanDefinitions(AnnotationMetadata importingClassMetadata, BeanDefinitionRegistry registry) {
        Map<Object, Object> targetDataSources = new HashMap<Object, Object>();
        // 将主数据源添加到更多数据源中
        targetDataSources.put("dataSource", defaultDataSource);
        DynamicDataSourceContextHolder.dataSourceIds.add("dataSource");
        // 添加更多数据源
        targetDataSources.putAll(customDataSources);
        for (String key : customDataSources.keySet()) {
            DynamicDataSourceContextHolder.dataSourceIds.add(key);
        }

        // 创建DynamicDataSource
        GenericBeanDefinition beanDefinition = new GenericBeanDefinition();
        beanDefinition.setBeanClass(DynamicDataSource.class);
        beanDefinition.setSynthetic(true);
        MutablePropertyValues mpv = beanDefinition.getPropertyValues();
        mpv.addPropertyValue("defaultTargetDataSource", defaultDataSource);
        mpv.addPropertyValue("targetDataSources", targetDataSources);
        registry.registerBeanDefinition("dataSource", beanDefinition);

        logger.info("Dynamic DataSource Registry");
    }

    //创建DataSource
    @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
    public DataSource buildDataSource(Map<String, Object> dsMap) {
        try {
            Object type = dsMap.get("type");
            if (type == null)
                type = DATASOURCE_TYPE_DEFAULT;// 默认DataSource

            Class<? extends DataSource> dataSourceType;
            dataSourceType = (Class<? extends DataSource>) Class.forName((String) type);

            String driverClassName = dsMap.get("driver-class-name").toString();
            String url = dsMap.get("url").toString();
            String username = dsMap.get("username").toString();
            String password = dsMap.get("password").toString();

            DataSourceBuilder factory = DataSourceBuilder.create().driverClassName(driverClassName).url(url)
                    .username(username).password(password).type(dataSourceType);
            return factory.build();
        } catch (ClassNotFoundException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        return null;
    }
}
package com.example.demo.datasource;

import java.lang.annotation.Documented;
import java.lang.annotation.ElementType;
import java.lang.annotation.Retention;
import java.lang.annotation.RetentionPolicy;
import java.lang.annotation.Target;

// 在方法上使用,用于指定使用哪个数据源
@Target({ ElementType.METHOD, ElementType.TYPE })
@Retention(RetentionPolicy.RUNTIME)
@Documented
public @interface TargetDataSource {
    String name();
}

3.3 启动类添加注解

添加注解 @Import :注册动态多数据源;

添加 @MapperScan :将项目中对应的mapper类的路径加进来

package com.example.demo;

import com.example.demo.datasource.DynamicDataSourceRegister;
import org.mybatis.spring.annotation.MapperScan;
import org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.SpringBootApplication;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Import;

@SpringBootApplication
@Import({DynamicDataSourceRegister.class}) // 注册动态多数据源
@MapperScan("com.example.demo.dao")//将项目中对应的mapper类的路径加进来就可以了
public class DynamicDataSourceApplication {
	public static void main(String[] args) {
		SpringApplication.run(DynamicDataSourceApplication.class, args);
	}
}

四、使用方法

4.1 Controller

package com.example.demo.controller;

import com.example.demo.model.Student;
import com.example.demo.model.Teacher;
import com.example.demo.model.User;
import com.example.demo.service.DynamicDataSourceService;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.PathVariable;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestController;

import java.util.List;

@RestController
@RequestMapping(value = "/dds")
public class DynamicDataSourceController {

    @Autowired
    private DynamicDataSourceService service;

    @RequestMapping(value = "/user/{id}")
    public User getAllUserData(@PathVariable Integer id){
        return service.getUserData(id);
    }

    @RequestMapping(value = "/teacher/{id}")
    public Teacher getAllTeacherData(@PathVariable Integer id) {
        return service.getTeacherData(id);
    }

    @RequestMapping(value = "/student/{id}")
    public Student getAllStudentData(@PathVariable Integer id) {
        return service.getStudentData(id);
    }
}

4.2 Service

注解@TargetDataSource 不能直接在接口类Mapper上使用,所以在Service上使用。

package com.example.demo.service;

import com.example.demo.dao.StudentMapper;
import com.example.demo.dao.TeacherMapper;
import com.example.demo.dao.UserMapper;
import com.example.demo.datasource.TargetDataSource;
import com.example.demo.model.Student;
import com.example.demo.model.Teacher;
import com.example.demo.model.User;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;
import java.util.List;

@Service
public class DynamicDataSourceService {

    @Autowired
    private UserMapper userMapper;
    @Autowired
    private TeacherMapper teacherMapper;
    @Autowired
    private StudentMapper studentMapper;


    //不指定数据源使用默认数据源
    public User getUserData(Integer id) {
        return userMapper.selectByPrimaryKey(id);
    }

    //指定数据源-ds1
    @TargetDataSource(name="ds1")
    public Teacher getTeacherData(Integer id) {
        return teacherMapper.selectByPrimaryKey(id);
    }

    //指定数据源-ds2
    @TargetDataSource(name="ds2")
    public Student getStudentData(Integer id) {
        return studentMapper.selectByPrimaryKey(id);
    }
}

五、测试

  • localhost:8080//dds/user/1

  • localhost:8080//dds/teacher/1

  • localhost:8080//dds/student/1

 

六、Springboot2.0动态多数据源切换

Springboot 1.x 到 Springboot 2.0配置变化有一点变化。主要是 RelaxedPropertyResolver不再可以Environment自动处理。

主要 是 DynamicDataSourceRegister 中有部分方法不一样。其他方法都不需要修改。

package com.example.demo.datasource;

import org.slf4j.Logger;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;
import org.springframework.beans.MutablePropertyValues;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Value;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.support.BeanDefinitionRegistry;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.support.GenericBeanDefinition;
import org.springframework.boot.jdbc.DataSourceBuilder;
import org.springframework.context.EnvironmentAware;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.ImportBeanDefinitionRegistrar;
import org.springframework.core.env.Environment;
import org.springframework.core.type.AnnotationMetadata;

import javax.sql.DataSource;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Map;

/**
 *  动态数据源注册<br/>
 *  启动动态数据源请在启动类中 添加 @Import(DynamicDataSourceRegister.class)
 */
public class DynamicDataSourceRegister
        implements ImportBeanDefinitionRegistrar, EnvironmentAware {

    private static final Logger logger = LoggerFactory.getLogger(DynamicDataSourceRegister.class);

    // 如配置文件中未指定数据源类型,使用该默认值
    private static final Object DATASOURCE_TYPE_DEFAULT = "com.alibaba.druid.pool.DruidDataSource";

    // 数据源
    private DataSource defaultDataSource;
    private Map<String, DataSource> customDataSources = new HashMap<>();

    private static String DB_NAME = "names";
    private static String DB_DEFAULT_VALUE = "custom.datasource";
    @Value("${bi.datasource.defaultname}")
    private String defaultDbname;

    /**
     * 加载多数据源配置
     */
    @Override
    public void setEnvironment(Environment env) {
        initDefaultDataSource(env);
        initCustomDataSources(env);
    }

    /**
     * 1.5.8 初始化主数据源
     */
//    private void initDefaultDataSource(Environment env) {
//        // 读取主数据源
//        RelaxedPropertyResolver propertyResolver = new RelaxedPropertyResolver(env, DB_DEFAULT_VALUE+".");
//        Map<String, Object> dsMap = new HashMap<>();
//        dsMap.put("type", propertyResolver.getProperty("type"));
//        dsMap.put("driver-class-name", propertyResolver.getProperty("driver-class-name"));
//        dsMap.put("url", propertyResolver.getProperty("url"));
//        dsMap.put("username", propertyResolver.getProperty("username"));
//        dsMap.put("password", propertyResolver.getProperty("password"));
//
//        defaultDataSource = buildDataSource(dsMap);
//        customDataSources.put(defaultDbname,defaultDataSource);//默认数据源放到动态数据源里
//        dataBinder(defaultDataSource, env);
//    }
    /**
     * 2.0.4 初始化主数据源
     */
    private void initDefaultDataSource(Environment env) {
        // 读取主数据源
        Map<String, Object> dsMap = new HashMap<>();
        dsMap.put("type", env.getProperty(DB_DEFAULT_VALUE + "." + "type"));
        dsMap.put("driver-class-name", env.getProperty(DB_DEFAULT_VALUE + "." + "driver-class-name"));
        dsMap.put("url", env.getProperty(DB_DEFAULT_VALUE + "." + "url"));
        dsMap.put("username", env.getProperty(DB_DEFAULT_VALUE + "." + "username"));
        dsMap.put("password", env.getProperty(DB_DEFAULT_VALUE + "." + "password"));
        defaultDataSource = buildDataSource(dsMap);
//        customDataSources.put(defaultDbname,defaultDataSource);//默认数据源放到动态数据源里
//        dataBinder(defaultDataSource, env);
    }


    /**
     * 为DataSource绑定更多数据
     *
     */
//    private void dataBinder(DataSource dataSource, Environment env) {
//        RelaxedDataBinder dataBinder = new RelaxedDataBinder(dataSource);
//        //dataBinder.setValidator(new LocalValidatorFactory().run(this.applicationContext));
//        dataBinder.setConversionService(conversionService);
//        dataBinder.setIgnoreNestedProperties(false);//false
//        dataBinder.setIgnoreInvalidFields(false);//false
//        dataBinder.setIgnoreUnknownFields(true);//true
//        if (dataSourcePropertyValues == null) {
//            Map<String, Object> rpr = new RelaxedPropertyResolver(env, DB_DEFAULT_VALUE).getSubProperties(".");
//            Map<String, Object> values = new HashMap<String, Object>(rpr);
//            // 排除已经设置的属性
//            values.remove("type");
//            values.remove("driver-class-name");
//            values.remove("url");
//            values.remove("username");
//            values.remove("password");
//            dataSourcePropertyValues = new MutablePropertyValues(values);
//        }
//        dataBinder.bind(dataSourcePropertyValues);
//    }

    // 初始化更多数据源
    private void initCustomDataSources(Environment env) {
        // 读取配置文件获取更多数据源,也可以通过defaultDataSource读取数据库获取更多数据源
//        RelaxedPropertyResolver propertyResolver = new RelaxedPropertyResolver(env,DB_DEFAULT_VALUE+".");
        String dsPrefixs = env.getProperty(DB_DEFAULT_VALUE + "." + DB_NAME);
        for (String dsPrefix : dsPrefixs.split(",")) {// 多个数据源
            Map<String, Object> dsMap = new HashMap<>();

            dsMap.put("type", env.getProperty(DB_DEFAULT_VALUE + "." +  dsPrefix + ".type"));
            dsMap.put("driver-class-name", env.getProperty(DB_DEFAULT_VALUE + "."  +  dsPrefix + ".driver-class-name"));
            dsMap.put("url", env.getProperty(DB_DEFAULT_VALUE + "."  +  dsPrefix + ".url"));
            dsMap.put("username", env.getProperty(DB_DEFAULT_VALUE + "."  +  dsPrefix + ".username"));
            dsMap.put("password", env.getProperty(DB_DEFAULT_VALUE + "."  +  dsPrefix + ".password"));


            DataSource ds = buildDataSource(dsMap);
            customDataSources.put(dsPrefix, ds);
        }
    }



    @Override
    public void registerBeanDefinitions(AnnotationMetadata importingClassMetadata, BeanDefinitionRegistry registry) {
        Map<Object, Object> targetDataSources = new HashMap<Object, Object>();
        // 将主数据源添加到更多数据源中
        targetDataSources.put("dataSource", defaultDataSource);
        DynamicDataSourceContextHolder.dataSourceIds.add("dataSource");
        // 添加更多数据源
        targetDataSources.putAll(customDataSources);
        for (String key : customDataSources.keySet()) {
            DynamicDataSourceContextHolder.dataSourceIds.add(key);
        }

        // 创建DynamicDataSource
        GenericBeanDefinition beanDefinition = new GenericBeanDefinition();
        beanDefinition.setBeanClass(DynamicDataSource.class);
        beanDefinition.setSynthetic(true);
        MutablePropertyValues mpv = beanDefinition.getPropertyValues();
        mpv.addPropertyValue("defaultTargetDataSource", defaultDataSource);
        mpv.addPropertyValue("targetDataSources", targetDataSources);
        registry.registerBeanDefinition("dataSource", beanDefinition);

        logger.info("Dynamic DataSource Registry");
    }

    // 创建DataSource
    @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
    public DataSource buildDataSource(Map<String, Object> dsMap) {
        try {
            Object type = dsMap.get("type");
            if (type == null)
                type = DATASOURCE_TYPE_DEFAULT;// 默认DataSource

            Class<? extends DataSource> dataSourceType;
            dataSourceType = (Class<? extends DataSource>) Class.forName((String) type);

            String driverClassName = dsMap.get("driver-class-name").toString();
            String url = dsMap.get("url").toString();
            String username = dsMap.get("username").toString();
            String password = dsMap.get("password").toString();

            DataSourceBuilder factory = DataSourceBuilder.create().driverClassName(driverClassName).url(url)
                    .username(username).password(password).type(dataSourceType);
            return factory.build();
        } catch (ClassNotFoundException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        return null;
    }
}

 

参考文献

Spring Boot 动态数据源(多数据源自动切换)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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