101. Symmetric Tree [easy] (Python)

题目链接

https://leetcode.com/problems/symmetric-tree/

题目原文

Given a binary tree, check whether it is a mirror of itself (ie, symmetric around its center).

For example, this binary tree is symmetric:

    1
   / \
  2   2
 / \ / \
3  4 4  3

But the following is not:

    1
   / \
  2   2
   \   \
   3    3

题目翻译

给定一个二叉树,判断它是否是自己的镜像(中心对称)。

思路方法

思路一

递归,对于每个节点,检查树的左右节点值是否相等,同时判断:左节点的左子树和右节点的右子树是否对称、右节点的左子树和左节点的右子树是否对称。

代码

# Definition for a binary tree node.
# class TreeNode(object):
#     def __init__(self, x):
#         self.val = x
#         self.left = None
#         self.right = None

class Solution(object):
    def isSymmetric(self, root):
        """
        :type root: TreeNode
        :rtype: bool
        """
        if not root:
            return True
        return self.mirror(root.left, root.right)

    def mirror(self, left, right):
        if not left or not right:
            return left == right
        if left.val != right.val:
            return False
        return self.mirror(left.left, right.right) and self.mirror(left.right, right.left)

思路二

非递归算法。算是将上面的递归方法改写成非递归方法,实际上是深度优先搜索(DFS)。

代码

# Definition for a binary tree node.
# class TreeNode(object):
#     def __init__(self, x):
#         self.val = x
#         self.left = None
#         self.right = None

class Solution(object):
    def isSymmetric(self, root):
        """
        :type root: TreeNode
        :rtype: bool
        """
        if not root:
            return True
        stackl, stackr = [root.left], [root.right]
        while len(stackl) > 0 and len(stackr) > 0:
            left = stackl.pop()
            right = stackr.pop()
            if not left and not right:
                continue
            elif not left or not right:
                return False
            if left.val != right.val:
                return False
            stackl.append(left.left)
            stackl.append(left.right)
            stackr.append(right.right)
            stackr.append(right.left)
        return len(stackl) == 0 and len(stackr) == 0

思路三

除了可以DFS,也可以BFS,直接上代码:

代码

# Definition for a binary tree node.
# class TreeNode(object):
#     def __init__(self, x):
#         self.val = x
#         self.left = None
#         self.right = None

class Solution(object):
    def isSymmetric(self, root):
        """
        :type root: TreeNode
        :rtype: bool
        """
        if not root:
            return True
        queuel, queuer = [root.left], [root.right]
        while len(queuel) > 0 and len(queuer) > 0:
            left = queuel.pop()
            right = queuer.pop()
            if not left and not right:
                continue
            elif not left or not right:
                return False
            if left.val != right.val:
                return False
            queuel.insert(0, left.left)
            queuel.insert(0, left.right)
            queuer.insert(0, right.right)
            queuer.insert(0, right.left)
        return len(queuel) == 0 and len(queuer) == 0

PS: 新手刷LeetCode,新手写博客,写错了或者写的不清楚还请帮忙指出,谢谢!
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