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C语言结构的用法

/*
 ============================================================================
 Name        : shownum.c
 Author      : liky
 Version     :
 Copyright   : Your copyright notice
 Description : Hello World in C, Ansi-style
 ============================================================================
 */

#include <stdio.h>

 

struct date {      // 定义一个日期结构
 int year;  // 年
 int month;  // 月
 int day;  // 日
};

struct student {    //定义一个学生结构,其中birthday生日为一个日期结构,也就是说结构是可以嵌套的
 char *name;    // 姓名
 int id;     // 身份证号
 struct date birthday; // 生日 
};

void quoteStructNormal() {    // 测试结构的正常调用
 struct student liky;
 liky.name = "liky green";
 liky.id = 7173;
 liky.birthday.year = 1990;
 liky.birthday.month = 10;
 liky.birthday.day = 18;
 
 printf("liky's name: %s/n", liky.name);
 printf("liky's id: %d/n", liky.id);
 printf("liky's birthday year: %d/n", liky.birthday.year);
 printf("liky's birthday month: %d/n", liky.birthday.month);
 printf("liky's birthday day: %d/n", liky.birthday.day);
}

void quoteStructPointer() {        // 测试结构指针的调用
 struct student lucy = {"liky", 5173, {1990, 10, 18}};
 struct student *liky;
 liky = &lucy;

 (*liky).id = 5173;
 (*liky).name = "liky";
 (*liky).birthday.year = 1990;
 (*liky).birthday.month = 10;
 (*liky).birthday.day = 18;

 
 printf("liky's name: %s/n", (*liky).name);
 printf("liky's id: %d/n", (*liky).id);
 printf("liky's birthday year: %d/n", liky->birthday.year);
 printf("liky's birthday month: %d/n", liky->birthday.month);
 printf("liky's birthday day: %d/n", liky->birthday.day); 
}

// 这里测试结构指针

void testDatePointer() {
 struct date *today;
 struct date tomorrow;
 
 // = {1990,10,18}
 
 today = &tomorrow;
 
 today->year = 1990;
 today->month = 10;
 today->day = 18;
 
 printf("year: %d/n", (*today).year);
 printf("month: %d/n", (*today).month);
 printf("day: %d/n", (*today).day); 
}

 // 这里测试将结构指针作为参数传递

void testStructParam(struct student * stu) { 
 printf("stu's name: %s/n", (*stu).name);
 printf("stu's id: %d/n", (*stu).id);
 printf("stu's birthday year: %d/n", stu->birthday.year);
 printf("stu's birthday month: %d/n", stu->birthday.month);
 printf("stu's birthday day: %d/n", stu->birthday.day); 
}


void main() {
 //quoteStructNormal();
 //quoteStructPointer();
 //testDatePointer();
 

// 以下为测试结构数组
 struct student lucy = {"liky", 5173, {1990, 10, 18}};
 struct student stus[3] = {{"liky", 9173, {1990, 10, 18}},{"lucky", 5173, {1990, 10, 18}},{"lucy", 6173, {1990, 10, 18}}};
 int i;
 
 for (i=0; i<3; i++ ) {
  printf("stus[%d] name: %s/n", i, stus[i].name);
  printf("stus[%d]'s id: %d/n", i, stus[i].id);
  printf("stus[%d]'s birthday year: %d/n", i, stus[i].birthday.year);
  printf("stus[%d]'s birthday month: %d/n", i, stus[i].birthday.month);
  printf("stus[%d]'s birthday day: %d/n/n/n", i, stus[i].birthday.day); 
 }
 
 // 这里测试将结构指针作为参数传递
 testStructParam(&lucy); 
 
}

 

/*

很多人对于结构的用法不是很熟悉,尤其是结构的嵌套和结构指针,在这里写几个示例,希望有所帮助

*/

 

 

 


 

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