一个Linux下的threadpool

#include <stdlib.h>
#include <pthread.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <assert.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <signal.h>
#include <errno.h>
//#include "threadpool.h"
#define DEFAULT_TIME 10 // 领导定时检查队列、线程状态的时间间隔
#define MIN_WAIT_TASK_NUM 10 // 队列中等待的任务数>这个值,便会增加线程
#define DEFAULT_THREAD_VARY 10 //每次线程加减的数目
typedef struct
{
	void *(*function)(void *);
	void *arg;
} threadpool_task_t;

struct threadpool_t
{
	pthread_mutex_t lock;// mutex for the taskpool
	pthread_mutex_t thread_counter;//mutex for count the busy thread
	pthread_cond_t queue_not_full;
	pthread_cond_t queue_not_empty;//任务队列非空的信号
	pthread_t *threads;//执行任务的线程
	pthread_t adjust_tid;//负责管理线程数目的线程
	threadpool_task_t *task_queue;//任务队列
	int min_thr_num;
	int max_thr_num;
	int live_thr_num;
	int busy_thr_num;
	int wait_exit_thr_num;
	int queue_front;
	int queue_rear;
	int queue_size;
	int queue_max_size;
	bool shutdown;
};
/**
 * @function void *threadpool_thread(void *threadpool)
 * @desc the worker thread
 * @param threadpool the pool which own the thread
 */
void *threadpool_thread(void *threadpool);
/**
 * @function void *adjust_thread(void *threadpool);
 * @desc manager thread
 * @param threadpool the threadpool
 */
void *adjust_thread(void *threadpool);
/**
 * check a thread is alive
 */
bool is_thread_alive(pthread_t tid);
int threadpool_free(threadpool_t *pool);
//创建线程池
threadpool_t *threadpool_create(int min_thr_num, int max_thr_num, int queue_max_size)
{
	threadpool_t *pool = NULL;
	do{
		if((pool = (threadpool_t *)malloc(sizeof(threadpool_t))) == NULL)
		{
			printf("malloc threadpool fail");
			break;
		}
		pool->min_thr_num = min_thr_num;
		pool->max_thr_num = max_thr_num;
		pool->busy_thr_num = 0;
		pool->live_thr_num = min_thr_num;
		pool->queue_size = 0;
		pool->queue_max_size = queue_max_size;
		pool->queue_front = 0;
		pool->queue_rear = 0;
		pool->shutdown = false;
		pool->threads = (pthread_t *)malloc(sizeof(pthread_t)*max_thr_num);
		if (pool->threads == NULL)
		{
			printf("malloc threads fail");
			break;
		}
		memset(pool->threads, 0, sizeof(pool->threads));
		pool->task_queue = (threadpool_task_t *)malloc(sizeof(threadpool_task_t)*queue_max_size);
		if (pool->task_queue == NULL)
		{
			printf("malloc task_queue fail");
			break;
		}
		if (pthread_mutex_init(&(pool->lock), NULL) != 0
		|| pthread_mutex_init(&(pool->thread_counter), NULL) != 0
		|| pthread_cond_init(&(pool->queue_not_empty), NULL) != 0
		|| pthread_cond_init(&(pool->queue_not_full), NULL) != 0)
		{
			printf("init the lock or cond fail");
			break;
		}
		/**
		* start work thread min_thr_num
		*/
		for (int i = 0; i < min_thr_num; i++)
		{
			//启动任务线程
			pthread_create(&(pool->threads[i]), NULL, threadpool_thread, (void *)pool);
			printf("start thread 0x%x...\n", pool->threads[i]);
		}
		//启动管理线程
		pthread_create(&(pool->adjust_tid), NULL, adjust_thread, (void *)pool);
		return pool;
	}while(0);
	threadpool_free(pool);
	return NULL;
}

//把任务添加到队列中
int threadpool_add(threadpool_t *pool, void*(*function)(void *arg), void *arg)
{
	assert(pool != NULL);
	assert(function != NULL);
	assert(arg != NULL);
	pthread_mutex_lock(&(pool->lock));
	//队列满的时候,等待
	while ((pool->queue_size == pool->queue_max_size) && (!pool->shutdown))
	{
		//queue full wait
		pthread_cond_wait(&(pool->queue_not_full), &(pool->lock));
	}
	if (pool->shutdown)
	{
		pthread_mutex_unlock(&(pool->lock));
	}
	//如下是添加任务到队列,使用循环队列
	if (pool->task_queue[pool->queue_rear].arg != NULL)
	{
		free(pool->task_queue[pool->queue_rear].arg);
		pool->task_queue[pool->queue_rear].arg = NULL;
	}
	pool->task_queue[pool->queue_rear].function = function;
	pool->task_queue[pool->queue_rear].arg = arg;
	pool->queue_rear = (pool->queue_rear + 1)%pool->queue_max_size;
	pool->queue_size++;
	//每次加完任务,发个信号给线程
	//若没有线程处于等待状态,此句则无效,但不影响
	pthread_cond_signal(&(pool->queue_not_empty));
	pthread_mutex_unlock(&(pool->lock));
	return 0;
}

//线程执行任务
void *threadpool_thread(void *threadpool)
{
	threadpool_t *pool = (threadpool_t *)threadpool;
	threadpool_task_t task;
	while(true)
	{
		/* Lock must be taken to wait on conditional variable */
		pthread_mutex_lock(&(pool->lock));
		//任务队列为空的时候,等待
		while ((pool->queue_size == 0) && (!pool->shutdown))
		{
			printf("thread 0x%x is waiting\n", pthread_self());
			pthread_cond_wait(&(pool->queue_not_empty), &(pool->lock));
			//被唤醒后,判断是否是要退出的线程
			if (pool->wait_exit_thr_num > 0)
			{
				pool->wait_exit_thr_num--;
				if (pool->live_thr_num > pool->min_thr_num)
				{
					printf("thread 0x%x is exiting\n", pthread_self());
					pool->live_thr_num--;
					pthread_mutex_unlock(&(pool->lock));
					pthread_exit(NULL);
				}
			}
		}
		if (pool->shutdown)
		{
			pthread_mutex_unlock(&(pool->lock));
			printf("thread 0x%x is exiting\n", pthread_self());
			pthread_exit(NULL);
		}
		//get a task from queue
		task.function = pool->task_queue[pool->queue_front].function;
		task.arg = pool->task_queue[pool->queue_front].arg;
		pool->queue_front = (pool->queue_front + 1)%pool->queue_max_size;
		pool->queue_size--;
		//now queue must be not full
		pthread_cond_broadcast(&(pool->queue_not_full));
		pthread_mutex_unlock(&(pool->lock));
		// Get to work
		printf("thread 0x%x start working\n", pthread_self());
		pthread_mutex_lock(&(pool->thread_counter));
		pool->busy_thr_num++;
		pthread_mutex_unlock(&(pool->thread_counter));
		(*(task.function))(task.arg);
		// task run over
		printf("thread 0x%x end working\n", pthread_self());
		pthread_mutex_lock(&(pool->thread_counter));
		pool->busy_thr_num--;
		pthread_mutex_unlock(&(pool->thread_counter));
	}
	pthread_exit(NULL);
	return (NULL);
}

//管理线程
void *adjust_thread(void *threadpool)
{
	threadpool_t *pool = (threadpool_t *)threadpool;
	while (!pool->shutdown)
	{
		sleep(DEFAULT_TIME);
		pthread_mutex_lock(&(pool->lock));
		int queue_size = pool->queue_size;
		int live_thr_num = pool->live_thr_num;
		pthread_mutex_unlock(&(pool->lock));
		pthread_mutex_lock(&(pool->thread_counter));
		int busy_thr_num = pool->busy_thr_num;
		pthread_mutex_unlock(&(pool->thread_counter));
		//任务多线程少,增加线程
		if (queue_size >= MIN_WAIT_TASK_NUM
			&& live_thr_num < pool->max_thr_num)
		{
			//need add thread
			pthread_mutex_lock(&(pool->lock));
			int add = 0;
			for (int i = 0; i < pool->max_thr_num && add < DEFAULT_THREAD_VARY
				&& pool->live_thr_num < pool->max_thr_num; i++)
			{
				if (pool->threads[i] == 0 || !is_thread_alive(pool->threads[i]))
				{
					pthread_create(&(pool->threads[i]), NULL, threadpool_thread, (void *)pool);
					add++;
					pool->live_thr_num++;
				}
			}
			pthread_mutex_unlock(&(pool->lock));
		}
		//任务少线程多,减少线程
		if ((busy_thr_num * 2) < live_thr_num
			&& live_thr_num > pool->min_thr_num)
		{
			//need del thread
			pthread_mutex_lock(&(pool->lock));
			pool->wait_exit_thr_num = DEFAULT_THREAD_VARY;
			pthread_mutex_unlock(&(pool->lock));
			//wake up thread to exit
			for (int i = 0; i < DEFAULT_THREAD_VARY; i++)
			{
				pthread_cond_signal(&(pool->queue_not_empty));
			}
		}
	}
}
	
int threadpool_destroy(threadpool_t *pool)
{
	if (pool == NULL)
	{
		return -1;
	}
	pool->shutdown = true;
	//adjust_tid exit first
	pthread_join(pool->adjust_tid, NULL);
	// wake up the waiting thread
	pthread_cond_broadcast(&(pool->queue_not_empty));
	for (int i = 0; i < pool->min_thr_num; i++)
	{
		pthread_join(pool->threads[i], NULL);
	}
	threadpool_free(pool);
	return 0;
}
	
int threadpool_free(threadpool_t *pool)
{
	if (pool == NULL)
	{
		return -1;
	}
	if (pool->task_queue)
	{
		free(pool->task_queue);
	}
	if (pool->threads)
	{
		free(pool->threads);
		pthread_mutex_lock(&(pool->lock));
		pthread_mutex_destroy(&(pool->lock));
		pthread_mutex_lock(&(pool->thread_counter));
		pthread_mutex_destroy(&(pool->thread_counter));
		pthread_cond_destroy(&(pool->queue_not_empty));
		pthread_cond_destroy(&(pool->queue_not_full));
	}
	free(pool);
	pool = NULL;
	return 0;
}

int threadpool_all_threadnum(threadpool_t *pool)
{
	int all_threadnum = -1;
	pthread_mutex_lock(&(pool->lock));
	all_threadnum = pool->live_thr_num;
	pthread_mutex_unlock(&(pool->lock));
	return all_threadnum;
}

int threadpool_busy_threadnum(threadpool_t *pool)
{
	int busy_threadnum = -1;
	pthread_mutex_lock(&(pool->thread_counter));
	busy_threadnum = pool->busy_thr_num;
	pthread_mutex_unlock(&(pool->thread_counter));
	return busy_threadnum;
}

bool is_thread_alive(pthread_t tid)
{
	int kill_rc = pthread_kill(tid, 0);
	if (kill_rc == ESRCH)
	{
		return false;
	}
	return true;
}

// for test
void *process(void *arg)
{
	printf("thread 0x%x working on task %d\n ",pthread_self(),*(int *)arg);
	sleep(1);
	printf("task %d is end\n",*(int *)arg);
	return NULL;
}

int main()
{
	threadpool_t *thp = threadpool_create(3,100,12);
	printf("pool inited");

	int *num = (int *)malloc(sizeof(int)*20);
	for (int i=0;i<10;i++)
	{
		num[i]=i;
		printf("add task %d\n",i);
		threadpool_add(thp,process,(void*)&num[i]);
	}
	sleep(10);
	threadpool_destroy(thp);
}

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