算法(第4版)学习笔记1-1

怎么让第一个程序(BinarySearch.Java)跑起来 :

我想好多人为第一个程序折腾了半天,反正我折腾了好久抓狂

        个人感觉本书的代码在Linux上面运行更方便, 以下基于Ubuntu16.04 JDK1.8

经常访问的网站:https://algs4.cs.princeton.edu/home/      https://algs4.cs.princeton.edu/code/

1.去网站下载:stdlib.jar(本书的标准库), algs4.jar(本书所有代码), algs4-data(测试数据集合)

2.编辑代码 : javac BinarySearch.java 会出现一堆错误:缺少本书的标准库和一些代码有误所引起的错误.

import java.util.Arrays;

public class BinarySearch
{
	public static int rank(int key, int[] a)
	{
		int lo = 0;
		int hi = a.length - 1;
		while(lo <= hi)
		{
			int mid = lo + (hi - lo) / 2;
			if(key < a[mid])        hi = mid - 1;
			else if(key > a[mid])	lo = mid + 1;
			else return mid;
		}
		return -1;
	}
	public static void main(String[] args)
	{
		
		int [] whitelist = In.readIns(args[0]);    //次处有问题
		Arrays.sort(whitelist);
		while(!StdIn.isEmpty())
		{
			int key = StdIn.readInt();
			if(rank(key, whitelist) == -1)
				StdOut.println(key);
		}
	}
}

因为本书采用自己的标准库,所以要导入相应的库或类,才能实现相应的输入输出和绘图等等,还有因为一些库和javaAPI的升级,但是书中还没有改过来,所以书中有些代码有问题,需要改动。此代码需要导入In.java StdIn.java StdOut.java   在stdlib.jar与algs4.jar都有,可以把他解压,然后把文件移动到代码的目录下,以algs4.jar为例,解压得到把里面的edu文件夹移动到BinarySearch.java目录下,并把此代码需要的测试数据从 algs4-data中拷贝到此目录 。如:tinyW.txt 与tinyT.txt largeW.txt与largeT.txt 用来进行实验。

3.编译和运行:

4.个人感觉看一下官方的代码很有必要,他会教你怎么编译代码和运行代码,需要导入哪些库和用到哪些测试数据,最重要是与以前的代码有哪些改变。以下是官方的BinarySearch.java代码:
/******************************************************************************
 *  Compilation:  javac BinarySearch.java                            //编译
 *  Execution:    java BinarySearch whitelist.txt < input.txt        //运行
 *  Dependencies: In.java StdIn.java StdOut.java                     //依赖的库 
 *  Data files:   https://algs4.cs.princeton.edu/11model/tinyW.txt   //所需的测试数据和下载地址
 *                https://algs4.cs.princeton.edu/11model/tinyT.txt
 *                https://algs4.cs.princeton.edu/11model/largeW.txt
 *                https://algs4.cs.princeton.edu/11model/largeT.txt
 *
 *  % java BinarySearch tinyW.txt < tinyT.txt                        //示例
 *  50
 *  99
 *  13
 *
 *  % java BinarySearch largeW.txt < largeT.txt | more               //示例
 *  499569
 *  984875
 *  295754
 *  207807
 *  140925
 *  161828
 *  [367,966 total values]
 *  
 ******************************************************************************/

package edu.princeton.cs.algs4;

import java.util.Arrays;

/**
 *  The {@code BinarySearch} class provides a static method for binary
 *  searching for an integer in a sorted array of integers.
 *  <p>
 *  The <em>indexOf</em> operations takes logarithmic time in the worst case.
 *  <p>
 *  For additional documentation, see <a href="https://algs4.cs.princeton.edu/11model">Section 1.1</a> of
 *  <i>Algorithms, 4th Edition</i> by Robert Sedgewick and Kevin Wayne.
 *
 *  @author Robert Sedgewick
 *  @author Kevin Wayne
 */
public class BinarySearch {

    /**
     * This class should not be instantiated.
     */
    private BinarySearch() { }

    /**
     * Returns the index of the specified key in the specified array.
     *
     * @param  a the array of integers, must be sorted in ascending order
     * @param  key the search key
     * @return index of key in array {@code a} if present; {@code -1} otherwise
     */
    public static int indexOf(int[] a, int key) {
        int lo = 0;
        int hi = a.length - 1;
        while (lo <= hi) {
            // Key is in a[lo..hi] or not present.
            int mid = lo + (hi - lo) / 2;
            if      (key < a[mid]) hi = mid - 1;
            else if (key > a[mid]) lo = mid + 1;
            else return mid;
        }
        return -1;
    }

    /**
     * Returns the index of the specified key in the specified array.
     * This function is poorly named because it does not give the <em>rank</em>
     * if the array has duplicate keys or if the key is not in the array.
     *
     * @param  key the search key
     * @param  a the array of integers, must be sorted in ascending order
     * @return index of key in array {@code a} if present; {@code -1} otherwise
     * @deprecated Replaced by {@link #indexOf(int[], int)}.
     */
    @Deprecated                                                                     //@deprecated指名一个过期的类或成员
    public static int rank(int key, int[] a) {
        return indexOf(a, key);
    }

    /**
     * Reads in a sequence of integers from the whitelist file, specified as
     * a command-line argument; reads in integers from standard input;
     * prints to standard output those integers that do <em>not</em> appear in the file.
     *
     * @param args the command-line arguments
     */
    public static void main(String[] args) {

        // read the integers from a file
        In in = new In(args[0]);
        int[] whitelist = in.readAllInts();

        // sort the array
        Arrays.sort(whitelist);

        // read integer key from standard input; print if not in whitelist
        while (!StdIn.isEmpty()) {
            int key = StdIn.readInt();
            if (BinarySearch.indexOf(whitelist, key) == -1)
                StdOut.println(key);
        }
    }
}

/******************************************************************************
 *  Copyright 2002-2016, Robert Sedgewick and Kevin Wayne.
 *
 *  This file is part of algs4.jar, which accompanies the textbook
 *
 *      Algorithms, 4th edition by Robert Sedgewick and Kevin Wayne,
 *      Addison-Wesley Professional, 2011, ISBN 0-321-57351-X.
 *      http://algs4.cs.princeton.edu
 *
 *
 *  algs4.jar is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
 *  it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
 *  the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
 *  (at your option) any later version.
 *
 *  algs4.jar is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 *  but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 *  MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 *  GNU General Public License for more details.
 *
 *  You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
 *  along with algs4.jar.  If not, see http://www.gnu.org/licenses.
 ******************************************************************************/

由于正在学习java和Linux,有错误之处望君指出,不吝赐教。奋斗



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