RSA算法 JS加密 JAVA解密

有这样一个需求,前端登录的用户名密码,密码必需加密,但不可使用MD5,因为后台要检测密码的复杂度,那么在保证安全的前提下将密码传到后台呢,答案就是使用RSA非对称加密算法解决 。

java代码

需要依赖 commons-codec
RSACoder.java

import org.apache.commons.codec.binary.Base64;

import javax.crypto.Cipher;
import java.security.*;
import java.security.spec.PKCS8EncodedKeySpec;
import java.security.spec.X509EncodedKeySpec;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Map;

/**
 * Created by lake on 17-4-12.
 */
public class RSACoder {
    public static final String KEY_ALGORITHM = "RSA";
    public static final String SIGNATURE_ALGORITHM = "MD5withRSA";

    private static final String PUBLIC_KEY = "RSAPublicKey";
    private static final String PRIVATE_KEY = "RSAPrivateKey";

    public static byte[] decryptBASE64(String key) {
        return Base64.decodeBase64(key);
    }

    public static String encryptBASE64(byte[] bytes) {
        return Base64.encodeBase64String(bytes);
    }

    /**
     * 用私钥对信息生成数字签名
     *
     * @param data       加密数据
     * @param privateKey 私钥
     * @return
     * @throws Exception
     */
    public static String sign(byte[] data, String privateKey) throws Exception {
        // 解密由base64编码的私钥
        byte[] keyBytes = decryptBASE64(privateKey);
        // 构造PKCS8EncodedKeySpec对象
        PKCS8EncodedKeySpec pkcs8KeySpec = new PKCS8EncodedKeySpec(keyBytes);
        // KEY_ALGORITHM 指定的加密算法
        KeyFactory keyFactory = KeyFactory.getInstance(KEY_ALGORITHM);
        // 取私钥匙对象
        PrivateKey priKey = keyFactory.generatePrivate(pkcs8KeySpec);
        // 用私钥对信息生成数字签名
        Signature signature = Signature.getInstance(SIGNATURE_ALGORITHM);
        signature.initSign(priKey);
        signature.update(data);
        return encryptBASE64(signature.sign());
    }

    /**
     * 校验数字签名
     *
     * @param data      加密数据
     * @param publicKey 公钥
     * @param sign      数字签名
     * @return 校验成功返回true 失败返回false
     * @throws Exception
     */
    public static boolean verify(byte[] data, String publicKey, String sign)
            throws Exception {
        // 解密由base64编码的公钥
        byte[] keyBytes = decryptBASE64(publicKey);
        // 构造X509EncodedKeySpec对象
        X509EncodedKeySpec keySpec = new X509EncodedKeySpec(keyBytes);
        // KEY_ALGORITHM 指定的加密算法
        KeyFactory keyFactory = KeyFactory.getInstance(KEY_ALGORITHM);
        // 取公钥匙对象
        PublicKey pubKey = keyFactory.generatePublic(keySpec);
        Signature signature = Signature.getInstance(SIGNATURE_ALGORITHM);
        signature.initVerify(pubKey);
        signature.update(data);
        // 验证签名是否正常
        return signature.verify(decryptBASE64(sign));
    }

    public static byte[] decryptByPrivateKey(byte[] data, String key) throws Exception{
        // 对密钥解密
        byte[] keyBytes = decryptBASE64(key);
        // 取得私钥
        PKCS8EncodedKeySpec pkcs8KeySpec = new PKCS8EncodedKeySpec(keyBytes);
        KeyFactory keyFactory = KeyFactory.getInstance(KEY_ALGORITHM);
        Key privateKey = keyFactory.generatePrivate(pkcs8KeySpec);
        // 对数据解密
        Cipher cipher = Cipher.getInstance(keyFactory.getAlgorithm());
        cipher.init(Cipher.DECRYPT_MODE, privateKey);
        return cipher.doFinal(data);
    }

    /**
     * 解密<br>
     * 用私钥解密
     *
     * @param data
     * @param key
     * @return
     * @throws Exception
     */
    public static byte[] decryptByPrivateKey(String data, String key)
            throws Exception {
        return decryptByPrivateKey(decryptBASE64(data),key);
    }

    /**
     * 解密<br>
     * 用公钥解密
     *
     * @param data
     * @param key
     * @return
     * @throws Exception
     */
    public static byte[] decryptByPublicKey(byte[] data, String key)
            throws Exception {
        // 对密钥解密
        byte[] keyBytes = decryptBASE64(key);
        // 取得公钥
        X509EncodedKeySpec x509KeySpec = new X509EncodedKeySpec(keyBytes);
        KeyFactory keyFactory = KeyFactory.getInstance(KEY_ALGORITHM);
        Key publicKey = keyFactory.generatePublic(x509KeySpec);
        // 对数据解密
        Cipher cipher = Cipher.getInstance(keyFactory.getAlgorithm());
        cipher.init(Cipher.DECRYPT_MODE, publicKey);
        return cipher.doFinal(data);
    }

    /**
     * 加密<br>
     * 用公钥加密
     *
     * @param data
     * @param key
     * @return
     * @throws Exception
     */
    public static byte[] encryptByPublicKey(String data, String key)
            throws Exception {
        // 对公钥解密
        byte[] keyBytes = decryptBASE64(key);
        // 取得公钥
        X509EncodedKeySpec x509KeySpec = new X509EncodedKeySpec(keyBytes);
        KeyFactory keyFactory = KeyFactory.getInstance(KEY_ALGORITHM);
        Key publicKey = keyFactory.generatePublic(x509KeySpec);
        // 对数据加密
        Cipher cipher = Cipher.getInstance(keyFactory.getAlgorithm());
        cipher.init(Cipher.ENCRYPT_MODE, publicKey);
        return cipher.doFinal(data.getBytes());
    }

    /**
     * 加密<br>
     * 用私钥加密
     *
     * @param data
     * @param key
     * @return
     * @throws Exception
     */
    public static byte[] encryptByPrivateKey(byte[] data, String key)
            throws Exception {
        // 对密钥解密
        byte[] keyBytes = decryptBASE64(key);
        // 取得私钥
        PKCS8EncodedKeySpec pkcs8KeySpec = new PKCS8EncodedKeySpec(keyBytes);
        KeyFactory keyFactory = KeyFactory.getInstance(KEY_ALGORITHM);
        Key privateKey = keyFactory.generatePrivate(pkcs8KeySpec);
        // 对数据加密
        Cipher cipher = Cipher.getInstance(keyFactory.getAlgorithm());
        cipher.init(Cipher.ENCRYPT_MODE, privateKey);
        return cipher.doFinal(data);
    }

    /**
     * 取得私钥
     *
     * @param keyMap
     * @return
     * @throws Exception
     */
    public static String getPrivateKey(Map<String, Key> keyMap)
            throws Exception {
        Key key = (Key) keyMap.get(PRIVATE_KEY);
        return encryptBASE64(key.getEncoded());
    }

    /**
     * 取得公钥
     *
     * @param keyMap
     * @return
     * @throws Exception
     */
    public static String getPublicKey(Map<String, Key> keyMap)
            throws Exception {
        Key key = keyMap.get(PUBLIC_KEY);
        return encryptBASE64(key.getEncoded());
    }

    /**
     * 初始化密钥
     *
     * @return
     * @throws Exception
     */
    public static Map<String, Key> initKey() throws Exception {
        KeyPairGenerator keyPairGen = KeyPairGenerator
                .getInstance(KEY_ALGORITHM);
        keyPairGen.initialize(1024);
        KeyPair keyPair = keyPairGen.generateKeyPair();
        Map<String, Key> keyMap = new HashMap(2);
        keyMap.put(PUBLIC_KEY, keyPair.getPublic());// 公钥
        keyMap.put(PRIVATE_KEY, keyPair.getPrivate());// 私钥
        return keyMap;
    }
}

测试类
RSACoderTest.java

import org.junit.Before;
import org.junit.Test;

import java.security.Key;
import java.util.Map;

import static org.junit.Assert.assertEquals;
import static org.junit.Assert.assertTrue;

/**
 * Created by lake on 17-4-12.
 */
public class RSACoderTest {
    private String publicKey;
    private String privateKey;

    @Before
    public void setUp() throws Exception {
        Map<String, Key> keyMap = RSACoder.initKey();
        publicKey = RSACoder.getPublicKey(keyMap);
        privateKey = RSACoder.getPrivateKey(keyMap);
        System.err.println("公钥: \n\r" + publicKey);
        System.err.println("私钥: \n\r" + privateKey);
    }

    @Test
    public void test() throws Exception {
        System.err.println("公钥加密——私钥解密");
        String inputStr = "abc";
        byte[] encodedData = RSACoder.encryptByPublicKey(inputStr, publicKey);
        byte[] decodedData = RSACoder.decryptByPrivateKey(encodedData,
                privateKey);
        String outputStr = new String(decodedData);
        System.err.println("加密前: " + inputStr + "\n\r" + "解密后: " + outputStr);
        assertEquals(inputStr, outputStr);
    }

    @Test
    public void testSign() throws Exception {
        System.err.println("私钥加密——公钥解密");
        String inputStr = "sign";
        byte[] data = inputStr.getBytes();
        byte[] encodedData = RSACoder.encryptByPrivateKey(data, privateKey);
        byte[] decodedData = RSACoder.decryptByPublicKey(encodedData, publicKey);
        String outputStr = new String(decodedData);
        System.err.println("加密前: " + inputStr + "\n\r" + "解密后: " + outputStr);
        assertEquals(inputStr, outputStr);
        System.err.println("私钥签名——公钥验证签名");
        // 产生签名
        String sign = RSACoder.sign(encodedData, privateKey);
        System.err.println("签名:" + sign);
        // 验证签名
        boolean status = RSACoder.verify(encodedData, publicKey, sign);
        System.err.println("状态:" + status);
        assertTrue(status);
    }
}

前端代码

依赖 jsencrypt 项目

<script src="bin/jsencrypt.min.js"></script>
<script type="text/javascript">
    var encrypt = new JSEncrypt();
    encrypt.setPublicKey('java生成的公钥');
    var encrypted = encrypt.encrypt('加密的字符串');
</script>

说明

前端生成加密的字符串encrypted,传到后台,java使用私钥进行解密即可。

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版权声明:多一份转载,多一份环保 https://blog.csdn.net/dounine/article/details/70160411
文章标签: rsa jsencrypt
个人分类: rsa
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