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260. Single Number III

Given an array of numbers nums, in which exactly two elements appear only once and all the other elements appear exactly twice. Find the two elements that appear only once.

For example:

Given nums = [1, 2, 1, 3, 2, 5], return [3, 5].

Note:

  1. The order of the result is not important. So in the above example, [5, 3] is also correct.
  2. Your algorithm should run in linear runtime complexity. Could you implement it using only constant space complexity?


这个题目的思路是位运算,假设数组中元素是 a1,a2,a3.......an,其中除ai和aj之外,其它元素均出现过两次,则a1 xor a2 xor a3......xor an = ai xor aj !=0.

设 ai xor aj = A .则 A 转换成二进制第一个1的位置就是 ai 和 aj 第一个对应二进制位不同的位置。可以以此将ai和aj分开.代码如下:

class Solution {
public:
    vector<int> singleNumber(vector<int>& nums) {
            int oxr =0;
            for(int i =0;i<nums.size();i++) oxr^=nums[i];
            int mark = oxr&(-oxr);
            int a =0,b=0;
            for(int i =0;i<nums.size();i++){
                if(nums[i]&mark){
                    a^=nums[i];
                }else{
                    b^=nums[i];
                }
            }
            return vector<int>{a,b};

    }
};


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