android 输入框EditText禁止输入Emoji表情符

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android 输入框EditText禁止输入Emoji表情符

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通过添加EditText的addTextChangedListener()监听来过滤Emoji表情:

  • onTextChanged()
  • beforeTextChanged()
  • 使用方法

  • 在开发中可能多处会用到过滤Emoji表情符,为了方便使用自定义EditText来实现:

输入

结果

package com.liujy.ui.wiget;

import android.content.Context;
import android.text.Editable;
import android.text.Selection;
import android.text.Spannable;
import android.text.TextWatcher;
import android.util.AttributeSet;
import android.widget.EditText;

public class ContainsEmojiEditText extends EditText {
    //输入表情前的光标位置
    private int cursorPos;
    //输入表情前EditText中的文本
    private String inputAfterText;
    //是否重置了EditText的内容
    private boolean resetText;

    private Context mContext;

    public ContainsEmojiEditText(Context context) {
        super(context);
        this.mContext = context;
        initEditText();
    }

    public ContainsEmojiEditText(Context context, AttributeSet attrs) {
        super(context, attrs);
        this.mContext = context;
        initEditText();
    }

    public ContainsEmojiEditText(Context context, AttributeSet attrs, int defStyleAttr) {
        super(context, attrs, defStyleAttr);
        this.mContext = context;
        initEditText();
    }

    // 初始化edittext 控件
    private void initEditText() {
        addTextChangedListener(new TextWatcher() {
            @Override
            public void beforeTextChanged(CharSequence s, int start, int before, int count) {
                if (!resetText) {
                    cursorPos = getSelectionEnd();
                    // 这里用s.toString()而不直接用s是因为如果用s,
                    // 那么,inputAfterText和s在内存中指向的是同一个地址,s改变了,
                    // inputAfterText也就改变了,那么表情过滤就失败了
                    inputAfterText= s.toString();
                }

            }

            @Override
            public void onTextChanged(CharSequence s, int start, int before, int count) {
                if (!resetText) {
                    if (count >= 2) {//表情符号的字符长度最小为2
                        CharSequence input = s.subSequence(cursorPos, cursorPos + count);
                        if (containsEmoji(input.toString())) {
                            resetText = true;
                            Toast.makeText(mContext, "不支持输入Emoji表情符号", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
                            //是表情符号就将文本还原为输入表情符号之前的内容
                            setText(inputAfterText);
                            CharSequence text = getText();
                            if (text instanceof Spannable) {
                                Spannable spanText = (Spannable) text;
                                Selection.setSelection(spanText, text.length());
                            }
                        }
                    }
                } else {
                    resetText = false;
                }
            }

            @Override
            public void afterTextChanged(Editable editable) {

            }
        });
    }


    /**
     * 检测是否有emoji表情
     *
     * @param source
     * @return
     */
    public static boolean containsEmoji(String source) {
        int len = source.length();
        for (int i = 0; i < len; i++) {
            char codePoint = source.charAt(i);
            if (!isEmojiCharacter(codePoint)) { //如果不能匹配,则该字符是Emoji表情
                return true;
            }
        }
        return false;
    }

    /**
     * 判断是否是Emoji
     *
     * @param codePoint 比较的单个字符
     * @return
     */
    private static boolean isEmojiCharacter(char codePoint) {
        return (codePoint == 0x0) || (codePoint == 0x9) || (codePoint == 0xA) ||
                (codePoint == 0xD) || ((codePoint >= 0x20) && (codePoint <= 0xD7FF)) ||
                ((codePoint >= 0xE000) && (codePoint <= 0xFFFD)) || ((codePoint >= 0x10000)
                && (codePoint <= 0x10FFFF));
    }

}
  • xml文件使用方法
<com.liujy.ui.wiget.ContainsEmojiEditText
      android:layout_width="match_parent"
      android:layout_height="wrap_content" />
  • 正则表达式1
public static boolean isEmoji(String string) {
        Pattern p = Pattern.compile("/[\u1F60-\u1F64]|[\u2702-\u27B0]|[\u1F68-\u1F6C]|[\u1F30-\u1F70]|[\u2600-\u26ff]/g");
        Matcher m = p.matcher(string);
        return m.matches();
    }
  • 正则表达式2
public boolean isEmoji(String string) {
        Pattern p = Pattern.compile("[\ud83c\udc00-\ud83c\udfff]|[\ud83d\udc00-\ud83d\udfff]|[\u2600-\u27ff]",
            Pattern.UNICODE_CASE | Pattern.CASE_INSENSITIVE);
        Matcher m = p.matcher(string);
        return m.find();
    }

项目中测试 正则表达式2 满足了我的需求,可以自行测试;


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