用户名不同的计算机之间的调用dcom

DCOM是依赖于RPC服务的,是一种分布式远程过程(进程)调用,调用代码在远程主机上执行,使用远程主机的系统资源,因此要有远程主机所属的访问权限,一般来说访问用户应是远程主机本地用户或主机所属的域用户,所以

  第一步是在远程主机或其域上注册(获得)一个有足够权限的用户,

  第二步是使用此用户令牌激活远程COM服务器,方法是使用CoInitializeSecurity & CoCreateInstanceEx函数(见文后例子),成功激活后就得到相关请求接口的代理,此时代理并没有对远程服务器访问的权限,

  第三步是为接口代理设置访问权限,方法是使用CoSetProxyBlanket函数,此后就可以使用代理指针进行方法调用了。见文后例子

  以上是客户端要做的处理,至于服务器端,只要使用CoInitializeSecurity函数设置一下访问许可权限就可以了(有时客户端也要进行这一处理,比如使用了连接点),对于即存的服务器程序使用dcomcfg工具在注册表里设置也可以。

  CoSetProxyBlanket函数调用例子:

  *******************************

  原例子:

  

IRecordServerLink* pRSL=(IRecordServerLink*)mq[0].pItf;
 
hr = CoSetProxyBlanket( pRSL, RPC_C_AUTHN_WINNT, RPC_C_AUTHZ_NONE, NULL,
    
        RPC_C_AUTHN_LEVEL_DEFAULT, RPC_C_IMP_LEVEL_IMPERSONATE, &caid, EOAC_NONE);
pRSL->Methods();

  ----------------------------------

  修改后的例子:

  

hr = CoSetProxyBlanket( pAccount, RPC_C_AUTHN_WINNT, RPC_C_AUTHZ_NONE, NULL,
    
        RPC_C_AUTHN_LEVEL_DEFAULT, RPC_C_IMP_LEVEL_IMPERSONATE, &caid, EOAC_NONE);
pAccount->Deposit(x);

  ※※※※※※※※※※※※※※※※※※※※※※※※※※※※※※※※※※※※※※※※

  CoInitializeSecurity & CoCreateInstanceEx函数调用例子:

  *********************************************************

  例子1:

  

HRESULT hr;
hr = CoInitialize(NULL);
ASSERT(SUCCEEDED(hr));
MULTI_QI qi;
qi.pIID = &IID_ICRemoteTime;
qi.hr = NULL;
qi.pItf = NULL;
COAUTHIDENTITY authidentity;
authidentity.User = L"administrator";  ////你机子的帐号
authidentity.UserLength = wcslen(authidentity.User);
authidentity.Domain = NULL;
authidentity.DomainLength = 0;
authidentity.Password = L"";     ////密码
authidentity.PasswordLength = wcslen(authidentity.User);
authidentity.Flags = SEC_WINNT_AUTH_IDENTITY_UNICODE;
COAUTHINFO authinfo = {-1, 0, 0, RPC_C_AUTHN_LEVEL_DEFAULT,
   
        RPC_C_IMP_LEVEL_IMPERSONATE, &authidentity, 0};
COSERVERINFO servInf;
servInf.dwReserved1 = NULL;
servInf.dwReserved2 = NULL;
// servInf.pAuthInfo = NULL;
servInf.pAuthInfo = &authinfo;
USES_CONVERSION;
servInf.pwszName = L"127.0.0.1";
hr = CoInitializeSecurity(NULL, -1, NULL, NULL,
 
        RPC_C_AUTHN_LEVEL_NONE, RPC_C_IMP_LEVEL_IDENTIFY, NULL, EOAC_ACCESS_CONTROL, NULL);
ASSERT(SUCCEEDED(hr));
hr = CoCreateInstanceEx(CLSID_CRemoteTime, NULL, CLSCTX_REMOTE_SERVER, &servInf, 1, &qi);
if (FAILED(hr))
{
 TRACE(_T("CoCreateInstanceEx failed"));
 return false;;
}
if (FAILED(qi.hr))
{
 TRACE(_T("Failed to connect to server"));
 return false;;
}
//通过IUnkonwn指针去查询接口指针,返回IAccount指针
hr = pUnknown->QueryInterface(IID_ICRemoteTime,(void**)&pIRetime)

  例子2:

  

HRESULT hr = CoInitializeSecurity(NULL, -1, NULL, NULL,
 
        RPC_C_AUTHN_LEVEL_NONE, RPC_C_IMP_LEVEL_IDENTIFY, NULL, EOAC_NONE, NULL);
 
 COAUTHIDENTITY us;
 
 us.User      = m_strName.AllocSysString();
 us.UserLength   = wcslen(us.User);
 us.Password    = m_strPassword.AllocSysString();
 us.PasswordLength = wcslen(us.Password);
 us.Domain     = m_strDomain.AllocSysString();
 us.DomainLength  = wcslen(us.Domain);
 us.Flags     = SEC_WINNT_AUTH_IDENTITY_UNICODE;
 
 COAUTHINFO auth;
 
 auth.dwAuthnSvc      = RPC_C_AUTHN_WINNT;
 auth.dwAuthzSvc      = RPC_C_AUTHZ_NONE;
 auth.pwszServerPrincName = NULL;
 auth.dwAuthnLevel     = RPC_C_AUTHN_LEVEL_CONNECT;
 auth.dwImpersonationLevel = RPC_C_IMP_LEVEL_IMPERSONATE;
 auth.dwCapabilities    = EOAC_NONE;
 auth.pAuthIdentityData  = &us;
 
 COSERVERINFO si;
 MULTI_QI   qi;
 
 CComBSTR bstr = strComputer;
 LPWSTR name  = bstr.m_str;
 
 si.dwReserved1 = 0;
 si.pwszName  = name;
 si.pAuthInfo  = m_bAccess ? &auth : NULL;
 si.dwReserved2 = 0;
 
 IID iid = __uuidof(m_pIRemoteControl);
 qi.pIID = &iid;
 qi.pItf = NULL;
 
 do
 {
 
        hr = CoCreateInstanceEx(__uuidof(RemoteControl), NULL, CLSCTX_SERVER, &si, 1, &qi);
 
        if(FAILED(hr) || FAILED(qi.hr))
  
        break ;
 
 
        m_pIRemoteControl = (IRemoteControl *)qi.pItf;
 }while(0);

例子3:

  

HRESULT hr = CoInitializeSecurity(NULL, -1, NULL, NULL,
 
        RPC_C_AUTHN_LEVEL_NONE, RPC_C_IMP_LEVEL_IDENTIFY, NULL, EOAC_NONE, NULL);
 
 COAUTHIDENTITY us;
 
 us.User      = m_strName.AllocSysString();
 us.UserLength   = wcslen(us.User);
 us.Password    = m_strPassword.AllocSysString();
 us.PasswordLength = wcslen(us.Password);
 us.Domain     = m_strDomain.AllocSysString();
 us.DomainLength  = wcslen(us.Domain);
 us.Flags     = SEC_WINNT_AUTH_IDENTITY_UNICODE;
 
 COAUTHINFO auth;
 
 auth.dwAuthnSvc      = RPC_C_AUTHN_WINNT;
 auth.dwAuthzSvc      = RPC_C_AUTHZ_NONE;
 auth.pwszServerPrincName = NULL;
 auth.dwAuthnLevel     = RPC_C_AUTHN_LEVEL_CONNECT;
 auth.dwImpersonationLevel = RPC_C_IMP_LEVEL_IMPERSONATE;
 auth.dwCapabilities    = EOAC_NONE;
 auth.pAuthIdentityData  = &us;
 
MULTI_QI MultiQi={&IID_IUnknown,NULL,NOERROR};
 COSERVERINFO si;
CComBSTR bstr = strComputer;
 LPWSTR name  = bstr.m_str;
 
 si.dwReserved1 = 0;
 si.pwszName  = name;
 si.pAuthInfo  = m_bAccess ? &auth : NULL;
 si.dwReserved2 = 0;
 
 
            hr = CoCreateInstanceEx(__uuidof(RemoteControl), NULL, CLSCTX_SERVER, &si, 1, &MultiQi);
 
 if(FAILED(hr))
 {
 
            MessageBox("创建对象实例失败!");
 
            return;
 }
 
 
            //通过IUnkonwn指针去查询接口指针,返回IAccount指针
 pUnknown = (IUnknown *) MultiQi.pItf;
hr = pUnknown->QueryInterface(IID_IAccount,(void**)&pAccount);
 if(FAILED(hr))
 {
 
              MessageBox("没有查找的接口指针!");
 
              return false;
 }
 pUnknown->Release();
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