STL 适配器实现

// Adaptor function objects: pointers to member functions.

// There are a total of 16 = 2^4 function objects in this family.
//  (1) Member functions taking no arguments vs member functions taking
//       one argument.
//  (2) Call through pointer vs call through reference.
//  (3) Member function with void return type vs member function with
//      non-void return type.
//  (4) Const vs non-const member function.

// Note that choice (3) is nothing more than a workaround: according
//  to the draft, compilers should handle void and non-void the same way.
//  This feature is not yet widely implemented, though.  You can only use
//  member functions returning void if your compiler supports partial
//  specialization.

// All of this complexity is in the function objects themselves.  You can
//  ignore it by using the helper function mem_fun and mem_fun_ref,
//  which create whichever type of adaptor is appropriate.
//  (mem_fun1 and mem_fun1_ref are no longer part of the C++ standard,
//  but they are provided for backward compatibility.)


template <class _Ret, class _Tp>
class mem_fun_t : public unary_function<_Tp*,_Ret> {
public:
  explicit mem_fun_t(_Ret (_Tp::*__pf)()) : _M_f(__pf) {}
  _Ret operator()(_Tp* __p) const { return (__p->*_M_f)(); }
private:
  _Ret (_Tp::*_M_f)();
};

//函数接口转函数对象接口的适配器(内部调用参数为指针类型)

template <class _Ret, class _Tp>
class const_mem_fun_t : public unary_function<const _Tp*,_Ret> {
public:
  explicit const_mem_fun_t(_Ret (_Tp::*__pf)() const) : _M_f(__pf) {}
  _Ret operator()(const _Tp* __p) const { return (__p->*_M_f)(); }
private:
  _Ret (_Tp::*_M_f)() const;
};

//const函数接口转函数对象接口的适配器(内部调用参数为const指针类型)




template <class _Ret, class _Tp>
class mem_fun_ref_t : public unary_function<_Tp,_Ret> {
public:
  explicit mem_fun_ref_t(_Ret (_Tp::*__pf)()) : _M_f(__pf) {}
  _Ret operator()(_Tp& __r) const { return (__r.*_M_f)(); }
private:
  _Ret (_Tp::*_M_f)();
};

//内部调用参数为引用类型

template <class _Ret, class _Tp>
class const_mem_fun_ref_t : public unary_function<_Tp,_Ret> {
public:
  explicit const_mem_fun_ref_t(_Ret (_Tp::*__pf)() const) : _M_f(__pf) {}
  _Ret operator()(const _Tp& __r) const { return (__r.*_M_f)(); }
private:
  _Ret (_Tp::*_M_f)() const;
};

//内部调用参数为const引用类型


template <class _Ret, class _Tp, class _Arg>
class mem_fun1_t : public binary_function<_Tp*,_Arg,_Ret> {
public:
  explicit mem_fun1_t(_Ret (_Tp::*__pf)(_Arg)) : _M_f(__pf) {}
  _Ret operator()(_Tp* __p, _Arg __x) const { return (__p->*_M_f)(__x); }
private:
  _Ret (_Tp::*_M_f)(_Arg);
};

template <class _Ret, class _Tp, class _Arg>
class const_mem_fun1_t : public binary_function<const _Tp*,_Arg,_Ret> {
public:
  explicit const_mem_fun1_t(_Ret (_Tp::*__pf)(_Arg) const) : _M_f(__pf) {}
  _Ret operator()(const _Tp* __p, _Arg __x) const
    { return (__p->*_M_f)(__x); }
private:
  _Ret (_Tp::*_M_f)(_Arg) const;
};

//接受一个参数的适配器

template <class _Ret, class _Tp, class _Arg>
class mem_fun1_ref_t : public binary_function<_Tp,_Arg,_Ret> {
public:
  explicit mem_fun1_ref_t(_Ret (_Tp::*__pf)(_Arg)) : _M_f(__pf) {}
  _Ret operator()(_Tp& __r, _Arg __x) const { return (__r.*_M_f)(__x); }
private:
  _Ret (_Tp::*_M_f)(_Arg);
};

template <class _Ret, class _Tp, class _Arg>
class const_mem_fun1_ref_t : public binary_function<_Tp,_Arg,_Ret> {
public:
  explicit const_mem_fun1_ref_t(_Ret (_Tp::*__pf)(_Arg) const) : _M_f(__pf) {}
  _Ret operator()(const _Tp& __r, _Arg __x) const { return (__r.*_M_f)(__x); }
private:
  _Ret (_Tp::*_M_f)(_Arg) const;
};


template <class _Tp>
class mem_fun_t<void, _Tp> : public unary_function<_Tp*,void> {
public:
  explicit mem_fun_t(void (_Tp::*__pf)()) : _M_f(__pf) {}
  void operator()(_Tp* __p) const { (__p->*_M_f)(); }
private:
  void (_Tp::*_M_f)();
};

template <class _Tp>
class const_mem_fun_t<void, _Tp> : public unary_function<const _Tp*,void> {
public:
  explicit const_mem_fun_t(void (_Tp::*__pf)() const) : _M_f(__pf) {}
  void operator()(const _Tp* __p) const { (__p->*_M_f)(); }
private:
  void (_Tp::*_M_f)() const;
};

template <class _Tp>
class mem_fun_ref_t<void, _Tp> : public unary_function<_Tp,void> {
public:
  explicit mem_fun_ref_t(void (_Tp::*__pf)()) : _M_f(__pf) {}
  void operator()(_Tp& __r) const { (__r.*_M_f)(); }
private:
  void (_Tp::*_M_f)();
};

template <class _Tp>
class const_mem_fun_ref_t<void, _Tp> : public unary_function<_Tp,void> {
public:
  explicit const_mem_fun_ref_t(void (_Tp::*__pf)() const) : _M_f(__pf) {}
  void operator()(const _Tp& __r) const { (__r.*_M_f)(); }
private:
  void (_Tp::*_M_f)() const;
};

template <class _Tp, class _Arg>
class mem_fun1_t<void, _Tp, _Arg> : public binary_function<_Tp*,_Arg,void> {
public:
  explicit mem_fun1_t(void (_Tp::*__pf)(_Arg)) : _M_f(__pf) {}
  void operator()(_Tp* __p, _Arg __x) const { (__p->*_M_f)(__x); }
private:
  void (_Tp::*_M_f)(_Arg);
};

template <class _Tp, class _Arg>
class const_mem_fun1_t<void, _Tp, _Arg>
  : public binary_function<const _Tp*,_Arg,void> {
public:
  explicit const_mem_fun1_t(void (_Tp::*__pf)(_Arg) const) : _M_f(__pf) {}
  void operator()(const _Tp* __p, _Arg __x) const { (__p->*_M_f)(__x); }
private:
  void (_Tp::*_M_f)(_Arg) const;
};

template <class _Tp, class _Arg>
class mem_fun1_ref_t<void, _Tp, _Arg>
  : public binary_function<_Tp,_Arg,void> {
public:
  explicit mem_fun1_ref_t(void (_Tp::*__pf)(_Arg)) : _M_f(__pf) {}
  void operator()(_Tp& __r, _Arg __x) const { (__r.*_M_f)(__x); }
private:
  void (_Tp::*_M_f)(_Arg);
};

template <class _Tp, class _Arg>
class const_mem_fun1_ref_t<void, _Tp, _Arg>
  : public binary_function<_Tp,_Arg,void> {
public:
  explicit const_mem_fun1_ref_t(void (_Tp::*__pf)(_Arg) const) : _M_f(__pf) {}
  void operator()(const _Tp& __r, _Arg __x) const { (__r.*_M_f)(__x); }
private:
  void (_Tp::*_M_f)(_Arg) const;
};

// Mem_fun adaptor helper functions.  There are only two:
//  mem_fun and mem_fun_ref.  (mem_fun1 and mem_fun1_ref
//  are provided for backward compatibility, but they are no longer
//  part of the C++ standard.)

template <class _Ret, class _Tp>
inline mem_fun_t<_Ret,_Tp> mem_fun(_Ret (_Tp::*__f)())
  { return mem_fun_t<_Ret,_Tp>(__f); }

template <class _Ret, class _Tp>
inline const_mem_fun_t<_Ret,_Tp> mem_fun(_Ret (_Tp::*__f)() const)
  { return const_mem_fun_t<_Ret,_Tp>(__f); }

template <class _Ret, class _Tp>
inline mem_fun_ref_t<_Ret,_Tp> mem_fun_ref(_Ret (_Tp::*__f)())
  { return mem_fun_ref_t<_Ret,_Tp>(__f); }

template <class _Ret, class _Tp>
inline const_mem_fun_ref_t<_Ret,_Tp> mem_fun_ref(_Ret (_Tp::*__f)() const)
  { return const_mem_fun_ref_t<_Ret,_Tp>(__f); }

template <class _Ret, class _Tp, class _Arg>
inline mem_fun1_t<_Ret,_Tp,_Arg> mem_fun(_Ret (_Tp::*__f)(_Arg))
  { return mem_fun1_t<_Ret,_Tp,_Arg>(__f); }

template <class _Ret, class _Tp, class _Arg>
inline const_mem_fun1_t<_Ret,_Tp,_Arg> mem_fun(_Ret (_Tp::*__f)(_Arg) const)
  { return const_mem_fun1_t<_Ret,_Tp,_Arg>(__f); }

template <class _Ret, class _Tp, class _Arg>
inline mem_fun1_ref_t<_Ret,_Tp,_Arg> mem_fun_ref(_Ret (_Tp::*__f)(_Arg))
  { return mem_fun1_ref_t<_Ret,_Tp,_Arg>(__f); }

template <class _Ret, class _Tp, class _Arg>
inline const_mem_fun1_ref_t<_Ret,_Tp,_Arg>
mem_fun_ref(_Ret (_Tp::*__f)(_Arg) const)
  { return const_mem_fun1_ref_t<_Ret,_Tp,_Arg>(__f); }

template <class _Ret, class _Tp, class _Arg>
inline mem_fun1_t<_Ret,_Tp,_Arg> mem_fun1(_Ret (_Tp::*__f)(_Arg))
  { return mem_fun1_t<_Ret,_Tp,_Arg>(__f); }

template <class _Ret, class _Tp, class _Arg>
inline const_mem_fun1_t<_Ret,_Tp,_Arg> mem_fun1(_Ret (_Tp::*__f)(_Arg) const)
  { return const_mem_fun1_t<_Ret,_Tp,_Arg>(__f); }

template <class _Ret, class _Tp, class _Arg>
inline mem_fun1_ref_t<_Ret,_Tp,_Arg> mem_fun1_ref(_Ret (_Tp::*__f)(_Arg))
  { return mem_fun1_ref_t<_Ret,_Tp,_Arg>(__f); }

template <class _Ret, class _Tp, class _Arg>
inline const_mem_fun1_ref_t<_Ret,_Tp,_Arg>
mem_fun1_ref(_Ret (_Tp::*__f)(_Arg) const)
  { return const_mem_fun1_ref_t<_Ret,_Tp,_Arg>(__f); }

//对上面各个函数对象的简化包装

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