sql语句,如何找出重复的数据

/摘抄的,http://toko360.blog.163.com/blog/static/13170896020103141142430/

--功能概述:删除重复记录

--做成时间:2008/10/31

在几千条记录里,存在着些相同的记录,如何能用SQL语句,删除掉重复的呢?谢谢!

1、查找表中多余的重复记录,重复记录是根据单个字段(peopleId)来判断

select * from people

where peopleId in (select  peopleId  from  people  group  by  peopleId  having  count(peopleId) > 1)

2、删除表中多余的重复记录,重复记录是根据单个字段(peopleId)来判断,只留有rowid最小的记录

delete from people

where peopleId  in (select  peopleId  from people  group  by  peopleId  having  count(peopleId) > 1)

and rowid not in (select min(rowid) from  people  group by peopleId  having count(peopleId )>1)

3、查找表中多余的重复记录(多个字段)

select * from vitae a

where (a.peopleId,a.seq) in  (select peopleId,seq from vitae group by peopleId,seq  having count(*) > 1)

4、删除表中多余的重复记录(多个字段),只留有rowid最小的记录

delete from vitae a

where (a.peopleId,a.seq) in  (select peopleId,seq from vitae group by peopleId,seq having count(*) > 1)

and rowid not in (select min(rowid) from vitae group by peopleId,seq having count(*)>1)

5、查找表中多余的重复记录(多个字段),不包含rowid最小的记录

select * from vitae a

where (a.peopleId,a.seq) in  (select peopleId,seq from vitae group by peopleId,seq having count(*) > 1)

and rowid not in (select min(rowid) from vitae group by peopleId,seq having count(*)>1)

比方说在A表中存在一个字段“name”,而且不同记录之间的“name”值有可能会相同,

现在就是需要查询出在该表中的各记录之间,“name”值存在重复的项;

Select Name,Count(*) From A Group By Name Having Count(*) > 1

如果还查性别也相同大则如下:

Select Name,sex,Count(*) From A Group By Name,sex Having Count(*) > 1

 

--处理表重复记录(查询和删除)

/******************************************************************************************************************************************************

1、Num、Name相同的重复值记录,没有大小关系只保留一条

2、Name相同,ID有大小关系时,保留大或小其中一个记录

整理人:中国风(Roy)

日期:2008.06.06

******************************************************************************************************************************************************/

--1、用于查询重复处理记录(如果列没有大小关系时2000用生成自增列和临时表处理,SQL2005用row_number函数处理)

--> --> (Roy)生成測試數據

if not object_id('Tempdb..#T') is null

    drop table #T

Go

Create table #T([ID] int,[Name] nvarchar(1),[Memo] nvarchar(2))

Insert #T

select 1,N'A',N'A1' union all

select 2,N'A',N'A2' union all

select 3,N'A',N'A3' union all

select 4,N'B',N'B1' union all

select 5,N'B',N'B2'

Go

--I、Name相同ID最小的记录(推荐用1,2,3),方法3在SQl05时,效率高于1、2

方法1:

Select * from #T a where not exists(select 1 from #T where Name=a.Name and ID<a.ID)

方法2:

select a.* from #T a join (select min(ID)ID,Name from #T group by Name) b on a.Name=b.Name and a.ID=b.ID

方法3:

select * from #T a where ID=(select min(ID) from #T where Name=a.Name)

方法4:

select a.* from #T a join #T b on a.Name=b.Name and a.ID>=b.ID group by a.ID,a.Name,a.Memo having count(1)=1

方法5:

select * from #T a group by ID,Name,Memo having ID=(select min(ID)from #T where Name=a.Name)

方法6:

select * from #T a where (select count(1) from #T where Name=a.Name and ID<a.ID)=0

方法7:

select * from #T a where ID=(select top 1 ID from #T where Name=a.name order by ID)

方法8:

select * from #T a where ID!>all(select ID from #T where Name=a.Name)

方法9(注:ID为唯一时可用):

select * from #T a where ID in(select min(ID) from #T group by Name)

--SQL2005:

方法10:

select ID,Name,Memo from (select *,min(ID)over(partition by Name) as MinID from #T a)T where ID=MinID

方法11:

select ID,Name,Memo from (select *,row_number()over(partition by Name order by ID) as MinID from #T a)T where MinID=1

生成结果:

/*

ID          Name Memo

----------- ---- ----

1           A    A1

4           B    B1

(2 行受影响)

*/

--II、Name相同ID最大的记录,与min相反:

方法1:

Select * from #T a where not exists(select 1 from #T where Name=a.Name and ID>a.ID)

方法2:

select a.* from #T a join (select max(ID)ID,Name from #T group by Name) b on a.Name=b.Name and a.ID=b.ID order by ID

方法3:

select * from #T a where ID=(select max(ID) from #T where Name=a.Name) order by ID

方法4:

select a.* from #T a join #T b on a.Name=b.Name and a.ID<=b.ID group by a.ID,a.Name,a.Memo having count(1)=1

方法5:

select * from #T a group by ID,Name,Memo having ID=(select max(ID)from #T where Name=a.Name)

方法6:

select * from #T a where (select count(1) from #T where Name=a.Name and ID>a.ID)=0

方法7:

select * from #T a where ID=(select top 1 ID from #T where Name=a.name order by ID desc)

方法8:

select * from #T a where ID!<all(select ID from #T where Name=a.Name)

方法9(注:ID为唯一时可用):

select * from #T a where ID in(select max(ID) from #T group by Name)

--SQL2005:

方法10:

select ID,Name,Memo from (select *,max(ID)over(partition by Name) as MinID from #T a)T where ID=MinID

方法11:

select ID,Name,Memo from (select *,row_number()over(partition by Name order by ID desc) as MinID from #T a)T where MinID=1

生成结果2:

/*

ID          Name Memo

----------- ---- ----

3           A    A3

5           B    B2

(2 行受影响)

*/

--2、删除重复记录有大小关系时,保留大或小其中一个记录

--> --> (Roy)生成測試數據

if not object_id('Tempdb..#T') is null

    drop table #T

Go

Create table #T([ID] int,[Name] nvarchar(1),[Memo] nvarchar(2))

Insert #T

select 1,N'A',N'A1' union all

select 2,N'A',N'A2' union all

select 3,N'A',N'A3' union all

select 4,N'B',N'B1' union all

select 5,N'B',N'B2'

Go

--I、Name相同ID最小的记录(推荐用1,2,3),保留最小一条

方法1:

delete a from #T a where  exists(select 1 from #T where Name=a.Name and ID<a.ID)

方法2:

delete a  from #T a left join (select min(ID)ID,Name from #T group by Name) b on a.Name=b.Name and a.ID=b.ID where b.Id is null

方法3:

delete a from #T a where ID not in (select min(ID) from #T where Name=a.Name)

方法4(注:ID为唯一时可用):

delete a from #T a where ID not in(select min(ID)from #T group by Name)

方法5:

delete a from #T a where (select count(1) from #T where Name=a.Name and ID<a.ID)>0

方法6:

delete a from #T a where ID<>(select top 1 ID from #T where Name=a.name order by ID)

方法7:

delete a from #T a where ID>any(select ID from #T where Name=a.Name)

select * from #T

生成结果:

/*

ID          Name Memo

----------- ---- ----

1           A    A1

4           B    B1

(2 行受影响)

*/

--II、Name相同ID保留最大的一条记录:

方法1:

delete a from #T a where  exists(select 1 from #T where Name=a.Name and ID>a.ID)

方法2:

delete a  from #T a left join (select max(ID)ID,Name from #T group by Name) b on a.Name=b.Name and a.ID=b.ID where b.Id is null

方法3:

delete a from #T a where ID not in (select max(ID) from #T where Name=a.Name)

方法4(注:ID为唯一时可用):

delete a from #T a where ID not in(select max(ID)from #T group by Name)

方法5:

delete a from #T a where (select count(1) from #T where Name=a.Name and ID>a.ID)>0

方法6:

delete a from #T a where ID<>(select top 1 ID from #T where Name=a.name order by ID desc)

方法7:

delete a from #T a where ID<any(select ID from #T where Name=a.Name)

select * from #T

/*

ID          Name Memo

----------- ---- ----

3           A    A3

5           B    B2

(2 行受影响)

*/

 

--3、删除重复记录没有大小关系时,处理重复值

--> --> (Roy)生成測試數據

if not object_id('Tempdb..#T') is null

    drop table #T

Go

Create table #T([Num] int,[Name] nvarchar(1))

Insert #T

select 1,N'A' union all

select 1,N'A' union all

select 1,N'A' union all

select 2,N'B' union all

select 2,N'B'

Go

方法1:

if object_id('Tempdb..#') is not null

    drop table #

Select distinct * into # from #T--排除重复记录结果集生成临时表#

truncate table #T--清空表

insert #T select * from #    --把临时表#插入到表#T中

--查看结果

select * from #T

/*

Num         Name

----------- ----

1           A

2           B

(2 行受影响)

*/

--重新执行测试数据后用方法2

方法2:

alter table #T add ID int identity--新增标识列

go

delete a from  #T a where  exists(select 1 from #T where Num=a.Num and Name=a.Name and ID>a.ID)--只保留一条记录

go

alter table #T drop column ID--删除标识列

--查看结果

select * from #T

/*

Num         Name

----------- ----

1           A

2           B

(2 行受影响)

*/

--重新执行测试数据后用方法3

方法3:

declare Roy_Cursor cursor local for

select count(1)-1,Num,Name from #T group by Num,Name having count(1)>1

declare @con int,@Num int,@Name nvarchar(1)

open Roy_Cursor

fetch next from Roy_Cursor into @con,@Num,@Name

while @@Fetch_status=0

begin

    set rowcount @con;

    delete #T where Num=@Num and Name=@Name

    set rowcount 0;

    fetch next from Roy_Cursor into @con,@Num,@Name

end

close Roy_Cursor

deallocate Roy_Cursor

--查看结果

select * from #T

/*

Num         Name

----------- ----

1           A

2           B

(2 行受影响)

*/

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