nginx http代理、负载均衡、tcp代理转发 配置

一、nginx http 代理

  • nginx http 代理

通过proxy_set_header,返回客户端真实IP地址及端口,而不是代理主机ip,

#proxy  ngx 代理不支持 https,有https需求可以用squid
server {
    listen 9998;

    allow 192.168.0.0/24;
    deny all;

    location / {
        access_log /data/logs/proxy_access.log main;
        proxy_redirect off;
        proxy_pass http://$http_host$request_uri;

        proxy_set_header Host $host:$server_port;  # 设置请求头:代理IP:port
        proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;   # 真实客户端地址IP
        proxy_set_header X-Real-PORT $remote_port;
        proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
        proxy_set_header X-NginX-Proxy true;

        proxy_http_version 1.1;
    }
}
  • nginx http转发
server {
    listen 21000;
    server_name 127.0.0.1;

    location / {
        proxy_read_timeout 1800;
        proxy_next_upstream http_502 http_504 error timeout invalid_header;
        proxy_set_header Host $host;
        proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $remote_addr;
        proxy_pass http://10.10.20.34:21000;
    }
}
  • nginx 负载均衡
cat vhosts/down_fdfs_19080.conf 
server {
    listen 19080;
    server_name 127.0.0.1;

    location / {
        proxy_read_timeout 1800;
        proxy_next_upstream http_502 http_504 error timeout invalid_header;
        proxy_set_header Host $host;
        proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $remote_addr;
        proxy_pass http://down_fdfs;
    }
}
cat upstream/down_fdfs.conf 
upstream down_fdfs{
    server    10.10.20.54:80   max_fails=2 fail_timeout=30s weight=10;
    server    10.10.20.55:80   max_fails=2 fail_timeout=30s weight=10;

    keepalive 64;
}
  • 匹配url,转发到不同主机

这里对url的转换稍微难理解一点,比如多个”//”等。
对于proxy_pass的值,去掉主机,就剩了”/”, 这里就是将 “/api_test/” 替换为 “/” 。这样就很清楚匹配url到底需不需要将”/”了。

    location /api_test/ {
        default_type 'text/plain';
        proxy_buffering    off;
        proxy_set_header            Host $host;
        proxy_set_header            X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
        proxy_redirect              off;
        proxy_connect_timeout       10;
        proxy_send_timeout          30;
        proxy_read_timeout          30;
        proxy_http_version 1.1;
        proxy_set_header Connection "";
        proxy_pass                  http://api.system/;
    }

    upstream api.system{
        server    192.168.6.119:8901   max_fails=2  weight=1;
        keepalive 64;
    }

二、nginx TCP 反向代理

1、编译相关模块

支持TCP代理和负载均衡的stream模块
ngx_stream_core_module,在1.90版本后将被启用。但是并不会默认安装,需要在编译时通过指定 –with-stream 参数来激活这个模块。

  • 对于低版本nginx

下面操作步骤只让nginx支持tcp_proxy,没有加入prce、gzip、ssl等功能,如需要,可自行在编译时加上相关参数。

wget https://github.com/yaoweibin/nginx_tcp_proxy_module/archive/master.zip
unzip master.zip
cd nginx-1.8.1
patch -p1 <../nginx_tcp_proxy_module-master/tcp.patch
./configure  --add-module=../nginx_tcp_proxy_module-master
make
make install

2、配置 nginx tcp 代理

==注意:新版本关键字为stream,低版本为tcp==

  • 新版本nginx
stream {
    upstream backend {
        hash $remote_addr consistent;
        server backend1.example.com:12345 weight=5;
        server 127.0.0.1:12345 max_fails=3 fail_timeout=30s;
        server unix:/tmp/backend3;
    }

    server {
        listen 12345;
        proxy_connect_timeout 1s;
        proxy_timeout 3s;
        proxy_pass backend;
    }

    server {
        listen [::1]:12345;
        proxy_pass unix:/tmp/stream.socket;
    }
}
  • 低版本nginx
events { ...
}
http { ...
}
tcp {
    upstream backend {
        server 127.0.0.1:12345 max_fails=3 fail_timeout=30s;
    }
    server {
        listen 2345;
        proxy_pass backend;
    }
}

3、nginx tcp proxy 转发超时问题

==nginx tcp proxy 连接保持设置==

根据前文Nginx tcp proxy module试用的设置,在测试环境中发现tcp连接经常掉线。
其实就是少了几个设置,README的配置不能用于生产环境。
配置如下,现在工作正常了:

tcp {
    timeout 1d;
    proxy_read_timeout 10d;
    proxy_send_timeout 10d;
    proxy_connect_timeout 30;

    # rsync
    upstream proxy_rsync {
        server 10.10.20.42:30873 max_fails=3;
    }
    server {
        listen 30888;
        proxy_pass proxy_rsync;
    }
}

转载请务必保留此出处:http://blog.csdn.net/fgf00/article/details/79276127


附:nginx 优化 配置文件参考

注:最后几行的tcp部分,如果没有编译,可以注释掉

user  nginx nginx;
worker_processes  24;
worker_cpu_affinity auto;

worker_rlimit_nofile 65535;

error_log  /data/logs/nginx/error.log  notice;

pid        logs/nginx.pid;

events {
    use epoll;
    multi_accept on;
    worker_connections  65535;
}

http {
    include       mime.types;
    default_type  application/octet-stream;

    charset  UTF-8;

    server_names_hash_bucket_size 128;
    client_header_buffer_size 128k;
    large_client_header_buffers 8 128k;
    client_max_body_size 20g;

    sendfile        on;
    tcp_nopush     on;
    open_file_cache max=51200 inactive=20s;
    open_file_cache_valid 30s;
    open_file_cache_min_uses 1;

    keepalive_timeout  60;

    tcp_nodelay on;

    server_tokens off;
    server_tag off;
    server_info off;

    fastcgi_connect_timeout 600;
    fastcgi_send_timeout 600;
    fastcgi_read_timeout 600;
    fastcgi_buffer_size 512k;
    fastcgi_buffers 16 256k;
    fastcgi_busy_buffers_size 512k;
    fastcgi_temp_file_write_size 512k;
    fastcgi_intercept_errors on;

    client_header_timeout  6m;
    client_body_timeout    6m;
    send_timeout           6m;
    connection_pool_size        256;
    request_pool_size        8k;
    output_buffers   8 64k;
    postpone_output  1460;
    client_body_buffer_size    1024k;

    gzip  on;
    gzip_min_length  1k;
    gzip_buffers     4 16k;
    gzip_http_version 1.0;
    gzip_comp_level 3;
    gzip_proxied    any;
    gzip_types       text/plain application/x-javascript application/json text/css application/xml;
    gzip_vary on;

    proxy_connect_timeout       600;
    proxy_read_timeout          600;
    proxy_send_timeout          600;
    proxy_buffers               4 64k;
    proxy_busy_buffers_size     128k;
    proxy_temp_file_write_size  128k;
    proxy_http_version 1.1;
    proxy_set_header Connection "";
    proxy_ignore_client_abort on;
    proxy_next_upstream error;
    proxy_buffer_size 64k;
    proxy_temp_path   /dev/shm/nginx_proxy_temp;
    proxy_cache_path  /dev/shm/proxy_cps_cache levels=1:2 keys_zone=cache_cps:1024m inactive=2d max_size=8g;
    proxy_cache_path  /dev/shm/proxy_cpsSimhash_cache levels=1:2 keys_zone=cache_cpsSimhash:1024m inactive=2d max_size=8g;
    proxy_cache_path  /dev/shm/proxy_search_cache levels=1:2 keys_zone=cache_search:1024m inactive=2d max_size=8g;
    proxy_pass_header  Set-Cookie;

    log_format main '$http_host $remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '
                    '$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" "$http_user_agent" '
                    '"$http_x_forwarded_for" "$upstream_cache_status" $request_time $host';

    include upstream/*.conf;
    include vhosts/*.conf;
}

tcp {
    timeout 1d;
    proxy_read_timeout 10d;
    proxy_send_timeout 10d;
    proxy_connect_timeout 30;

    include tcp_proxy/*.conf;
}

转载请务必保留此出处:http://blog.csdn.net/fgf00/article/details/79276127

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