Java for Web学习笔记(四七):WebSocket(4)Java Client和二进制消息

版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,未经博主允许不得转载。 https://blog.csdn.net/flowingflying/article/details/65945668

小例子说明

不是所有的Client都是前端页面,服务器也可能发起一个WebSocket连接,向其他服务器请求某项服务。小例子模拟两个WebSocket客户端,向server建立连接,当server收到消息时,向所有的连接的client分发该消息,当某个client连接或者关闭连接时,向其他client发布状态变化消息。

为了方便测试,client和server都在同一个web app中,要求client启动连接和发送消息,使用servlet进行触发。

二进制的消息

二进制消息需要进行序列化。在Java中对象序列化比JSON要高效,但是与非Java的程序互动,流行JSON。

public class ClusterMessage implements Serializable{
    private static final long serialVersionUID = 1L;

    private String nodeId;
    private String message;

    public ClusterMessage(){        
    }

    public ClusterMessage(String nodeId , String message){
        this.nodeId = nodeId;
        this.message = message;
    }

    public String getNodeId() {
        return nodeId;
    }

    public void setNodeId(String nodeId) {
        this.nodeId = nodeId;
    }

    public String getMessage() {
        return message;
    }

    public void setMessage(String message) {
        this.message = message;
    }        
}

Cluster Server代码

我们重点学习如何解析二进制消息,如何发送二进制消息。

@ServerEndpoint("/clusterNodeSocket/{nodeId}")
public class ClusterNodeServerEndpoint {
    //存储所有的client,以便进行消息广播
    private static final List<Session> nodes = new ArrayList<>(2);

    @OnOpen
    public void onOpen(Session session, @PathParam("nodeId") String nodeId){
        System.out.println("Node [" + nodeId  + "] connected to cluster server");
        ClusterMessage message = new ClusterMessage(nodeId, "Joined the cluster.");
        try {
            byte[] bytes = ClusterNodeServerEndpoint.toByteArray(message);
            for(Session node : nodes){
                node.getBasicRemote().sendBinary(ByteBuffer.wrap(bytes));
            }
        } catch (IOException e) {
            System.out.println("Exception when notifying of new node : " + e.toString());
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        ClusterNodeServerEndpoint.nodes.add(session);
    }

    @OnMessage
    public void onMessage(Session session, byte[] message){
        try{
            for(Session node : ClusterNodeServerEndpoint.nodes){
                if(node != session)
                    node.getBasicRemote().sendBinary(ByteBuffer.wrap(message)); //发送二进制消息byte[]
            }
        }catch (IOException e) {
            logger.error("Exception when handling message on server : " + e.toString());
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

    @OnClose
    public void onClose(Session session, @PathParam("nodeId") String nodeId){
        System.out.println("Node [" + nodeId + "] disconnected.");
        ClusterNodeServerEndpoint.nodes.remove(session);
        ClusterMessage message = new ClusterMessage(nodeId, "Left the cluster.");
        try{
            for(Session node : ClusterNodeServerEndpoint.nodes){
                node.getBasicRemote().sendBinary(ByteBuffer.wrap(
                                                    ClusterNodeServerEndpoint.toByteArray(message)));
            }
        }catch (IOException e) {
            System.out.println("Exception when notifying of left node : " + e.toString());
            e.printStackTrace();
        }        
    }

    //将对象转换为byte[]: message(ClusterMessage) -> stream(ObjectOutputStream) --> output(ByteArrayOutputStream)
    private static byte[] toByteArray(ClusterMessage message) throws IOException {
        try(ByteArrayOutputStream output = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
            ObjectOutputStream stream = new ObjectOutputStream(output)){
               stream.writeObject(message);
                return output.toByteArray();
        }
    }
}

Cluster Client代码

我们模拟两个webSocket clients,为了方便触发,采用Servlet。在web.xml中定义如下,将两个servlet指向同一个类

   <servlet>
       <servlet-name>clusterNode1</servlet-name>
       <servlet-class>cn.wei.flowingflying.chapter10.cluster.ClusterNodeServlet</servlet-class>
       <init-param>
           <param-name>nodeId</param-name>
           <param-value>1</param-value>
       </init-param>
   </servlet>
   <servlet-mapping>
       <servlet-name>clusterNode2</servlet-name>
       <url-pattern>/clusterNode2</url-pattern>
   </servlet-mapping>

   <servlet>
       <servlet-name>clusterNode2</servlet-name>
       <servlet-class>cn.wei.flowingflying.chapter10.cluster.ClusterNodeServlet</servlet-class>
       <init-param>
           <param-name>nodeId</param-name>
           <param-value>2</param-value>
       </init-param>
   </servlet>
   <servlet-mapping>
       <servlet-name>clusterNode2</servlet-name>
       <url-pattern>/clusterNode2</url-pattern>
   </servlet-mapping>

WebSocket代码如下:

//annotation @ClientEndpoint 不会像@ServiceEndpoint 那样自动实例化,只是作为一个有效endpoint的标记
@ClientEndpoint
public class ClusterNodeServlet extends HttpServlet {
    private static final long serialVersionUID = 1L;

    private String nodeId;
    private Session session;

    //在init()时读取配置信息,建立webSocket连接
    @Override
    public void init() throws ServletException {
        this.nodeId = this.getInitParameter("nodeId");
        String path = this.getServletContext().getContextPath() +
                      "/clusterNodeSocket/" + this.nodeId;
        try {
            //【1】连接webSocket server
            URI uri = new URI("ws","localhost:8080",path,null,null);        
            this.session = ContainerProvider.getWebSocketContainer().connectToServer(this, uri);        
        } catch (URISyntaxException  | DeploymentException | IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
            throw new ServletException("Cannot connect to " + path + ".", e);
        }
    }

    @Override
    public void destroy() {
        try {
            this.session.close(); //关闭webSocket连接
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        super.destroy();
    }

    protected void doGet(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response) throws ServletException, IOException {
        //【2】发送对象的二进制消息
        ClusterMessage message = new ClusterMessage(this.nodeId,
                  "request:{ip:\"" + request.getRemoteAddr() + "\",queryString:\"" + request.getQueryString() + "\"}");
        try(OutputStream output = this.session.getBasicRemote().getSendStream();
            ObjectOutputStream stream = new ObjectOutputStream(output)){
            stream.writeObject(message);
        }
        response.getWriter().append("OK");
    }

    @OnMessage
    public void onMessage(InputStream input){
        //【3】读二进制信息
        try(ObjectInputStream stream = new ObjectInputStream(input)){
            ClusterMessage message = (ClusterMessage)stream.readObject();
            System.out.println("Node [" + this.nodeId + "]: Message received from cluster; node = " +
                               message.getNodeId() + ", message = " + message.getMessage());
        }catch (IOException | ClassNotFoundException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } 
    }

    @OnClose
    public void onClose(CloseReason reason){
        CloseReason.CloseCode code = reason.getCloseCode();
        if(code != CloseReason.CloseCodes.NORMAL_CLOSURE){
            System.out.println("WebSocket connection closed unexpectedly;" +
                               " code = " + code + ", reason = " + reason.getReasonPhrase());
        }
    }
}

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