SpringBoot2.0统一返回Rest风格数据结构与统一异常处理

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本文链接:https://blog.csdn.net/futao__/article/details/82826564

一,统一返回数据结构

  1. 定义返回的数据结构
package com.futao.springmvcdemo.model.system;

import org.joda.time.DateTime;

import java.sql.Timestamp;

/**
 * @author futao
 * Created on 2018/9/22-21:47.
 * 统一返回Rest风格的数据结构
 */
public class RestResult {
    /**
     * 请求是否成功
     */
    private boolean success;
    /**
     * 成功或者失败的code错误码
     */
    private String code;
    /**
     * 成功时返回的数据,失败时返回具体的异常信息
     */
    private Object data;
    /**
     * 请求失败返回的提示信息,给前端进行页面展示的信息
     */
    private Object errorMessage;
    /**
     * 服务器当前时间(添加该字段的原因是便于查找定位请求时间,因为实际开发过程中服务器时间可能跟本地时间不一致,加上这个时间戳便于日后定位)
     */
    private Timestamp currentTime;

    public RestResult() {
    }

    @Override
    public String toString() {
        return "RestResult{" +
                "success=" + success +
                ", code='" + code + '\'' +
                ", data=" + data +
                ", errorMessage=" + errorMessage +
                ", currentTime=" + currentTime +
                '}';
    }

    public RestResult(boolean success, String code, Object data, Object errorMessage) {
        this.success = success;
        this.code = code;
        this.data = data;
        this.errorMessage = errorMessage;
        this.currentTime = new Timestamp(new DateTime().getMillis());
    }

    public boolean isSuccess() {
        return success;
    }

    public void setSuccess(boolean success) {
        this.success = success;
    }

    public String getCode() {
        return code;
    }

    public void setCode(String code) {
        this.code = code;
    }

    public Object getData() {
        return data;
    }

    public void setData(Object data) {
        this.data = data;
    }

    public Object getErrorMessage() {
        return errorMessage;
    }

    public void setErrorMessage(Object errorMessage) {
        this.errorMessage = errorMessage;
    }

    public Timestamp getCurrentTime() {
        return currentTime;
    }

    public void setCurrentTime(Timestamp currentTime) {
        this.currentTime = currentTime;
    }
}
  1. 将返回数据包装成Rest风格
    实现ResponseBodyAdvice<T>
package com.futao.springmvcdemo.foundation;

import com.alibaba.fastjson.JSONObject;
import com.futao.springmvcdemo.model.system.RestResult;
import org.apache.commons.lang3.StringUtils;
import org.springframework.core.MethodParameter;
import org.springframework.http.MediaType;
import org.springframework.http.converter.HttpMessageConverter;
import org.springframework.http.server.ServerHttpRequest;
import org.springframework.http.server.ServerHttpResponse;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.ControllerAdvice;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.mvc.method.annotation.ResponseBodyAdvice;

/**
 * @author futao
 * Created on 2018/9/22-20:24.
 * 返回Rest风格的数据
 */
@ControllerAdvice(basePackages = "com.futao.springmvcdemo.controller")
public class RestResultWrapper implements ResponseBodyAdvice<Object> {
    @Override
    public boolean supports(MethodParameter returnType, Class<? extends HttpMessageConverter<?>> converterType) {
        return true;
    }

    @Override
    public Object beforeBodyWrite(Object body, MethodParameter returnType, MediaType selectedContentType, Class<? extends HttpMessageConverter<?>> selectedConverterType, ServerHttpRequest request, ServerHttpResponse response) {
        RestResult result = new RestResult(true, "0", body, null);
        return JSONObject.toJSON(result);
    }
}
  1. 请求测试
   @GetMapping("get")
   public User get() {
       User user = new User();
       user.setUsername("NiuBist");
       user.setId("123");
       user.setAge("18");
       user.setEmail("12312@qq.com");
       user.setMobile("12312321312");
       user.setAddress("浙江省杭州市");
       return user;
   }

结果:
请求结果

二,统一异常处理,返回统一异常数据结构

  1. 定义一个类来存放所以的异常提示信息,便于管理
package com.futao.springmvcdemo.model.entity.constvar;

/**
 * @author futao
 * Created on 2018/9/21-15:29.
 * 错误提示集合类
 * 错误码构成:   01程序员编号
 * 001该程序员定义的错误码
 * 后面再跟上错误信息
 */
public final class ErrorMessage {
    public static final String SYSTEM_EXCEPTION = "系统繁忙,请稍后再试";
    public static final String NOT_LOGIN = "01001_您还未登陆或者登陆已超时,请重新登陆";
    public static final String MOBILE_ALREADY_REGISTER = "01002_该手机号已经被注册了";
    public static final String LOGIC_EXCEPTION = "01003_对不起,你是真的没有我帅";
}
  1. 定义逻辑异常类
package com.futao.springmvcdemo.foundation;

/**
 * @author futao
 * Created on 2018/9/20-15:22.
 * 业务逻辑异常类
 */
public class LogicException extends RuntimeException {
    /**
     * 异常信息
     */
    private String errorMsg;
    /**
     * 错误码
     */
    private String code;

    public String getErrorMsg() {
        return errorMsg;
    }

    public void setErrorMsg(String errorMsg) {
        this.errorMsg = errorMsg;
    }

    public String getCode() {
        return code;
    }

    public void setCode(String code) {
        this.code = code;
    }

    private LogicException(String errorMsg) {
        super(errorMsg);
        this.code = errorMsg.substring(0, 5);
        this.errorMsg = errorMsg.substring(6);
    }

    /**
     * 抛出逻辑异常
     *
     * @param errorMsg
     * @return
     */
    public static LogicException le(String errorMsg) {
        return new LogicException(errorMsg);
    }
}
  1. 对异常(包括系统异常与业务逻辑异常)进行统一处理
package com.futao.springmvcdemo.foundation;

import com.alibaba.fastjson.JSONObject;
import com.futao.springmvcdemo.model.entity.constvar.ErrorMessage;
import com.futao.springmvcdemo.model.system.RestResult;
import org.slf4j.Logger;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.ControllerAdvice;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.ExceptionHandler;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.ResponseBody;

import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;

/**
 * @author futao
 * Created on 2018/9/21-15:13.
 * 异常统一处理,
 */
@ControllerAdvice
public class GlobalExceptionHandler {

    private static final Logger logger = LoggerFactory.getLogger(GlobalExceptionHandler.class);

    @ExceptionHandler(value = Exception.class)
    @ResponseBody
    public Object logicExceptionHandler(HttpServletRequest request, Exception e, HttpServletResponse response) {
        //系统级异常,错误码固定为-1,提示语固定为系统繁忙,请稍后再试
        RestResult result = new RestResult(false, "-1", e.getMessage(), ErrorMessage.SYSTEM_EXCEPTION);
        //如果是业务逻辑异常,返回具体的错误码与提示信息
        if (e instanceof LogicException) {
            LogicException logicException = (LogicException) e;
            result.setCode(logicException.getCode());
            result.setErrorMessage(logicException.getErrorMsg());
        } else {
            //对系统级异常进行日志记录
            logger.error("系统异常:" + e.getMessage(), e);
        }
        return JSONObject.toJSON(result);
    }
}
  1. 测试
package com.futao.springmvcdemo.controller;

import com.futao.springmvcdemo.foundation.LogicException;
import com.futao.springmvcdemo.model.entity.constvar.ErrorMessage;
import org.springframework.http.MediaType;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.GetMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestController;

/**
 * @author futao
 * Created on 2018/9/23-0:28.
 * 统一异常处理测试接口
 */
@RequestMapping(path = "exception", produces = MediaType.APPLICATION_JSON_UTF8_VALUE)
@RestController
public class ExceptionTestController {

    /**
     * 业务逻辑异常
     */
    @GetMapping(path = "logicException")
    public void logicException() {
        throw LogicException.le(ErrorMessage.LOGIC_EXCEPTION);
    }

    /**
     * 系统异常
     */
    @GetMapping(path = "systemException")
    public void systemException() {
        throw new NullPointerException("空指针了,哥门!!!");
    }
}

逻辑异常
系统级异常
系统级异常

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