RadioButton右上角添加红点提醒

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今天一同学遇到了一个需求设计类似下图的效果,很多人会说简单啊一个framelayout布局就解决了,没错是可以实现该功能需求。但是如果是以前的老项目,运用的RadioGroup就会有一个问题,导航栏根本就不存在布局偷笑。所以这里会谈到另一种解决方案。

该方法运用的是GitHub上一个开源的工具类BadgeView,在RadioGroup的布局之上覆盖一层透明的LinearLayout用于消息提示。废话不多说,让我们一起体验下。


首先你需要把BadgeView拷贝到你的项目中,这里我已经为你准备好了该工具类

package com.example.gu.utils;


import android.content.Context;
import android.content.res.Resources;
import android.graphics.Color;
import android.graphics.Typeface;
import android.graphics.drawable.ShapeDrawable;
import android.graphics.drawable.shapes.RoundRectShape;
import android.support.v7.widget.AppCompatTextView;
import android.util.AttributeSet;
import android.util.TypedValue;
import android.view.Gravity;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.ViewGroup;
import android.view.ViewGroup.LayoutParams;
import android.view.ViewParent;
import android.view.animation.AccelerateInterpolator;
import android.view.animation.AlphaAnimation;
import android.view.animation.Animation;
import android.view.animation.DecelerateInterpolator;
import android.widget.FrameLayout;
import android.widget.TabWidget;

/**
 * A simple text label view that can be applied as a "badge" to any given {@link android.view.View}.
 * This class is intended to be instantiated at runtime rather than included in XML layouts.
 *
 * @author Jeff Gilfelt
 */
public class BadgeView extends AppCompatTextView {

    public static final int POSITION_TOP_LEFT = 1;
    public static final int POSITION_TOP_RIGHT = 2;
    public static final int POSITION_BOTTOM_LEFT = 3;
    public static final int POSITION_BOTTOM_RIGHT = 4;
    public static final int POSITION_CENTER = 5;

    private static final int DEFAULT_MARGIN_DIP = 5;
    private static final int DEFAULT_LR_PADDING_DIP = 5;
    private static final int DEFAULT_CORNER_RADIUS_DIP = 8;
    private static final int DEFAULT_POSITION = POSITION_TOP_RIGHT;
    private static final int DEFAULT_BADGE_COLOR = Color.parseColor("#CCFF0000"); //Color.RED;
    private static final int DEFAULT_TEXT_COLOR = Color.WHITE;

    private static Animation fadeIn;
    private static Animation fadeOut;

    private Context context;
    private View target;

    private int badgePosition;
    private int badgeMarginH;
    private int badgeMarginV;
    private int badgeColor;

    private boolean isShown;

    private ShapeDrawable badgeBg;

    private int targetTabIndex;

    public BadgeView(Context context) {
        this(context, (AttributeSet) null, android.R.attr.textViewStyle);
    }

    public BadgeView(Context context, AttributeSet attrs) {
        this(context, attrs, android.R.attr.textViewStyle);
    }

    /**
     * Constructor -
     * <p>
     * create a new BadgeView instance attached to a target {@link android.view.View}.
     *
     * @param context context for this view.
     * @param target  the View to attach the badge to.
     */
    public BadgeView(Context context, View target) {
        this(context, null, android.R.attr.textViewStyle, target, 0);
    }

    /**
     * Constructor -
     * <p>
     * create a new BadgeView instance attached to a target {@link android.widget.TabWidget}
     * tab at a given index.
     *
     * @param context context for this view.
     * @param target  the TabWidget to attach the badge to.
     * @param index   the position of the tab within the target.
     */
    public BadgeView(Context context, TabWidget target, int index) {
        this(context, null, android.R.attr.textViewStyle, target, index);
    }

    public BadgeView(Context context, AttributeSet attrs, int defStyle) {
        this(context, attrs, defStyle, null, 0);
    }

    public BadgeView(Context context, AttributeSet attrs, int defStyle, View target, int tabIndex) {
        super(context, attrs, defStyle);
        init(context, target, tabIndex);
    }

    private void init(Context context, View target, int tabIndex) {

        this.context = context;
        this.target = target;
        this.targetTabIndex = tabIndex;

        // apply defaults
        badgePosition = DEFAULT_POSITION;
        badgeMarginH = dipToPixels(DEFAULT_MARGIN_DIP);
        badgeMarginV = badgeMarginH;
        badgeColor = DEFAULT_BADGE_COLOR;

        setTypeface(Typeface.DEFAULT_BOLD);
        int paddingPixels = dipToPixels(DEFAULT_LR_PADDING_DIP);
        setPadding(paddingPixels, 0, paddingPixels, 0);
        setTextColor(DEFAULT_TEXT_COLOR);

        fadeIn = new AlphaAnimation(0, 1);
        fadeIn.setInterpolator(new DecelerateInterpolator());
        fadeIn.setDuration(200);

        fadeOut = new AlphaAnimation(1, 0);
        fadeOut.setInterpolator(new AccelerateInterpolator());
        fadeOut.setDuration(200);

        isShown = false;

        if (this.target != null) {
            applyTo(this.target);
        } else {
            show();
        }

    }

    private void applyTo(View target) {

        LayoutParams lp = target.getLayoutParams();
        ViewParent parent = target.getParent();
        FrameLayout container = new FrameLayout(context);

        if (target instanceof TabWidget) {

            // set target to the relevant tab child container
            target = ((TabWidget) target).getChildTabViewAt(targetTabIndex);
            this.target = target;

            ((ViewGroup) target).addView(container,
                    new LayoutParams(LayoutParams.FILL_PARENT, LayoutParams.FILL_PARENT));

            this.setVisibility(View.GONE);
            container.addView(this);

        } else {

            // TODO verify that parent is indeed a ViewGroup
            ViewGroup group = (ViewGroup) parent;
            int index = group.indexOfChild(target);

            group.removeView(target);
            group.addView(container, index, lp);

            container.addView(target);

            this.setVisibility(View.GONE);
            container.addView(this);

            group.invalidate();

        }

    }

    /**
     * Make the badge visible in the UI.
     */
    public void show() {
        show(false, null);
    }

    /**
     * Make the badge visible in the UI.
     *
     * @param animate flag to apply the default fade-in animation.
     */
    public void show(boolean animate) {
        show(animate, fadeIn);
    }

    /**
     * Make the badge visible in the UI.
     *
     * @param anim Animation to apply to the view when made visible.
     */
    public void show(Animation anim) {
        show(true, anim);
    }

    /**
     * Make the badge non-visible in the UI.
     */
    public void hide() {
        hide(false, null);
    }

    /**
     * Make the badge non-visible in the UI.
     *
     * @param animate flag to apply the default fade-out animation.
     */
    public void hide(boolean animate) {
        hide(animate, fadeOut);
    }

    /**
     * Make the badge non-visible in the UI.
     *
     * @param anim Animation to apply to the view when made non-visible.
     */
    public void hide(Animation anim) {
        hide(true, anim);
    }

    /**
     * Toggle the badge visibility in the UI.
     */
    public void toggle() {
        toggle(false, null, null);
    }

    /**
     * Toggle the badge visibility in the UI.
     *
     * @param animate flag to apply the default fade-in/out animation.
     */
    public void toggle(boolean animate) {
        toggle(animate, fadeIn, fadeOut);
    }

    /**
     * Toggle the badge visibility in the UI.
     *
     * @param animIn  Animation to apply to the view when made visible.
     * @param animOut Animation to apply to the view when made non-visible.
     */
    public void toggle(Animation animIn, Animation animOut) {
        toggle(true, animIn, animOut);
    }

    private void show(boolean animate, Animation anim) {
        if (getBackground() == null) {
            if (badgeBg == null) {
                badgeBg = getDefaultBackground();
            }
            setBackgroundDrawable(badgeBg);
        }
        applyLayoutParams();

        if (animate) {
            this.startAnimation(anim);
        }
        this.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
        isShown = true;
    }

    private void hide(boolean animate, Animation anim) {
        this.setVisibility(View.GONE);
        if (animate) {
            this.startAnimation(anim);
        }
        isShown = false;
    }

    private void toggle(boolean animate, Animation animIn, Animation animOut) {
        if (isShown) {
            hide(animate && (animOut != null), animOut);
        } else {
            show(animate && (animIn != null), animIn);
        }
    }

    /**
     * Increment the numeric badge label. If the current badge label cannot be converted to
     * an integer value, its label will be set to "0".
     *
     * @param offset the increment offset.
     */
    public int increment(int offset) {
        CharSequence txt = getText();
        int i;
        if (txt != null) {
            try {
                i = Integer.parseInt(txt.toString());
            } catch (NumberFormatException e) {
                i = 0;
            }
        } else {
            i = 0;
        }
        i = i + offset;
        setText(String.valueOf(i));
        return i;
    }

    /**
     * Decrement the numeric badge label. If the current badge label cannot be converted to
     * an integer value, its label will be set to "0".
     *
     * @param offset the decrement offset.
     */
    public int decrement(int offset) {
        return increment(-offset);
    }

    private ShapeDrawable getDefaultBackground() {

        int r = dipToPixels(DEFAULT_CORNER_RADIUS_DIP);
        float[] outerR = new float[]{r, r, r, r, r, r, r, r};

        RoundRectShape rr = new RoundRectShape(outerR, null, null);
        ShapeDrawable drawable = new ShapeDrawable(rr);
        drawable.getPaint().setColor(badgeColor);

        return drawable;

    }

    private void applyLayoutParams() {

        FrameLayout.LayoutParams lp = new FrameLayout.LayoutParams(LayoutParams.WRAP_CONTENT, LayoutParams.WRAP_CONTENT);

        switch (badgePosition) {
            case POSITION_TOP_LEFT:
                lp.gravity = Gravity.LEFT | Gravity.TOP;
                lp.setMargins(badgeMarginH, badgeMarginV, 0, 0);
                break;
            case POSITION_TOP_RIGHT:
                lp.gravity = Gravity.RIGHT | Gravity.TOP;
                lp.setMargins(0, badgeMarginV, badgeMarginH, 0);
                break;
            case POSITION_BOTTOM_LEFT:
                lp.gravity = Gravity.LEFT | Gravity.BOTTOM;
                lp.setMargins(badgeMarginH, 0, 0, badgeMarginV);
                break;
            case POSITION_BOTTOM_RIGHT:
                lp.gravity = Gravity.RIGHT | Gravity.BOTTOM;
                lp.setMargins(0, 0, badgeMarginH, badgeMarginV);
                break;
            case POSITION_CENTER:
                lp.gravity = Gravity.CENTER;
                lp.setMargins(0, 0, 0, 0);
                break;
            default:
                break;
        }

        setLayoutParams(lp);

    }

    /**
     * Returns the target View this badge has been attached to.
     */
    public View getTarget() {
        return target;
    }

    /**
     * Is this badge currently visible in the UI?
     */
    @Override
    public boolean isShown() {
        return isShown;
    }

    /**
     * Returns the positioning of this badge.
     * <p>
     * one of POSITION_TOP_LEFT, POSITION_TOP_RIGHT, POSITION_BOTTOM_LEFT, POSITION_BOTTOM_RIGHT, POSTION_CENTER.
     */
    public int getBadgePosition() {
        return badgePosition;
    }

    /**
     * Set the positioning of this badge.
     *
     * @param layoutPosition one of POSITION_TOP_LEFT, POSITION_TOP_RIGHT, POSITION_BOTTOM_LEFT, POSITION_BOTTOM_RIGHT, POSTION_CENTER.
     */
    public void setBadgePosition(int layoutPosition) {
        this.badgePosition = layoutPosition;
    }

    /**
     * Returns the horizontal margin from the target View that is applied to this badge.
     */
    public int getHorizontalBadgeMargin() {
        return badgeMarginH;
    }

    /**
     * Returns the vertical margin from the target View that is applied to this badge.
     */
    public int getVerticalBadgeMargin() {
        return badgeMarginV;
    }

    /**
     * Set the horizontal/vertical margin from the target View that is applied to this badge.
     *
     * @param badgeMargin the margin in pixels.
     */
    public void setBadgeMargin(int badgeMargin) {
        this.badgeMarginH = badgeMargin;
        this.badgeMarginV = badgeMargin;
    }

    /**
     * Set the horizontal/vertical margin from the target View that is applied to this badge.
     *
     * @param horizontal margin in pixels.
     * @param vertical   margin in pixels.
     */
    public void setBadgeMargin(int horizontal, int vertical) {
        this.badgeMarginH = horizontal;
        this.badgeMarginV = vertical;
    }

    /**
     * Returns the color value of the badge background.
     */
    public int getBadgeBackgroundColor() {
        return badgeColor;
    }

    /**
     * Set the color value of the badge background.
     *
     * @param badgeColor the badge background color.
     */
    public void setBadgeBackgroundColor(int badgeColor) {
        this.badgeColor = badgeColor;
        badgeBg = getDefaultBackground();
    }

    private int dipToPixels(int dip) {
        Resources r = getResources();
        float px = TypedValue.applyDimension(TypedValue.COMPLEX_UNIT_DIP, dip, r.getDisplayMetrics());
        return (int) px;
    }

}


接着在你的RadioGroup布局中覆盖一层透明的LinearLayout布局,如下

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<RelativeLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:focusable="false">

    <View
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="1.0px"
        android:layout_above="@+id/main_radio_group"
        android:background="@android:color/black" />

    <RadioGroup
        android:id="@+id/main_radio_group"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="80dp"
        android:layout_alignParentBottom="true"
        android:gravity="center_vertical"
        android:orientation="horizontal">

        <RadioButton
            android:id="@+id/radio_btn_home"
            android:layout_width="0dp"
            android:layout_height="match_parent"
            android:layout_weight="1"
            android:checked="true"
            android:drawableTop="@mipmap/ic_launcher"
            android:gravity="center_horizontal"
            android:text="one" />

        <RadioButton
            android:id="@+id/radio_btn_house"
            android:layout_width="0dp"
            android:layout_height="match_parent"
            android:layout_weight="1"
            android:checked="false"
            android:drawableTop="@mipmap/ic_launcher"
            android:gravity="center_horizontal"
            android:text="two" />

        <RadioButton
            android:id="@+id/radio_btn_forum"
            android:layout_width="0dp"
            android:layout_height="match_parent"
            android:layout_weight="1"
            android:checked="false"
            android:drawableTop="@mipmap/ic_launcher"
            android:gravity="center_horizontal"
            android:text="three" />

        <RadioButton
            android:id="@+id/radio_btn_group"
            android:layout_width="0dp"
            android:layout_height="match_parent"
            android:layout_weight="1"
            android:checked="false"
            android:drawableTop="@mipmap/ic_launcher"
            android:gravity="center_horizontal"
            android:text="four" />

        <RadioButton
            android:id="@+id/radio_btn_person"
            android:layout_width="0dp"
            android:layout_height="match_parent"
            android:layout_weight="1"
            android:checked="false"
            android:button="@null"
            android:drawableTop="@mipmap/ic_launcher"
            android:gravity="center_horizontal"
            android:text="five" />
    </RadioGroup>

    <LinearLayout
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="80dp"
        android:layout_alignParentBottom="true"
        android:background="#00000000"
        android:orientation="horizontal">

        <Button
            android:layout_width="0dp"
            android:layout_height="match_parent"
            android:layout_weight="1"
            android:background="#00000000"
            android:visibility="invisible" />

        <Button
            android:layout_width="0dp"
            android:layout_height="match_parent"
            android:layout_weight="1"
            android:visibility="invisible" />

        <Button
            android:layout_width="0dp"
            android:layout_height="match_parent"
            android:layout_weight="1"
            android:background="#00000000"
            android:visibility="invisible" />

        <Button
            android:id="@+id/btn_msg"
            android:layout_width="0dp"
            android:layout_height="match_parent"
            android:layout_weight="1"
            android:visibility="invisible" />

        <Button
            android:id="@+id/btn_my"
            android:layout_width="0dp"
            android:layout_height="match_parent"
            android:layout_weight="1"
            android:visibility="invisible" />
    </LinearLayout>
</RelativeLayout>


最后在activity中设置BadgeView,如下
package com.example.gu.custompopupwindow;

import android.graphics.Color;
import android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.Button;
import com.example.gu.utils.BadgeView;


public class RedDotActivity extends AppCompatActivity {

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_red_dot);
        //覆盖在RadioGroup之上LinearLayout的第五个占位子布局
        Button button5 = (Button) findViewById(R.id.btn_my);
        remind(button5);
    }

    private void remind(View view) { //BadgeView的具体使用
        BadgeView badge1 = new BadgeView(this, view);// 创建一个BadgeView对象,view为你需要显示提醒的控件
        badge1.setText("12"); // 需要显示的提醒类容
        badge1.setBadgePosition(BadgeView.POSITION_TOP_RIGHT);// 显示的位置.右上角,BadgeView.POSITION_BOTTOM_LEFT,下左,还有其他几个属性
        badge1.setTextColor(Color.WHITE); // 文本颜色
        badge1.setBadgeBackgroundColor(Color.RED); // 提醒信息的背景颜色,自己设置
        //badge1.setBackgroundResource(R.mipmap.icon_message_png); //设置背景图片
        badge1.setTextSize(12); // 文本大小
        //badge1.setBadgeMargin(3, 3); // 水平和竖直方向的间距
        badge1.setBadgeMargin(5); //各边间隔
        // badge1.toggle(); //显示效果,如果已经显示,则影藏,如果影藏,则显示
        badge1.show();// 只有显示
        // badge1.hide();//影藏显示
    }
}

到此右上角的消息提醒功能就做好了,有什么问题欢迎留言交流。

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