Spring Boot + Redis 实现Shiro集群

 

  为实现Web应用的分布式集群部署,要解决登录session的统一。本文利用shiro做权限控制,redis做session存储,结合spring boot快速配置实现session共享。

  1、引入相关依赖

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        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-data-redis</artifactId>
        </dependency>        
             <dependency>
            <groupId>org.apache.shiro</groupId>
            <artifactId>shiro-spring</artifactId>
            <version>1.3.2</version>
        </dependency>        

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  2、Redis相关

  2.1.redis配置

  spring.redis.host=localhost
  spring.redis.port=6379
  spring.redis.password=

  2.2.redis缓存的对象必须序列化,通用序列化 

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import org.springframework.core.convert.converter.Converter;
import org.springframework.core.serializer.support.DeserializingConverter;
import org.springframework.core.serializer.support.SerializingConverter;
import org.springframework.data.redis.serializer.RedisSerializer;
import org.springframework.data.redis.serializer.SerializationException;

/**
 * redis序列化对象
 */
public class RedisObjectSerializer implements RedisSerializer<Object> {
    private Converter<Object, byte[]> serializer = new SerializingConverter();
    private Converter<byte[], Object> deserializer = new DeserializingConverter();
    static final byte[] EMPTY_ARRAY = new byte[0];

    public Object deserialize(byte[] bytes) {
        if (isEmpty(bytes)) {
            return null;
        }
        try {
            return deserializer.convert(bytes);
        } catch (Exception ex) {
            throw new SerializationException("Cannot deserialize", ex);
        }
    }

    public byte[] serialize(Object object) {
        if (object == null) {
            return EMPTY_ARRAY;
        }
        try {
            return serializer.convert(object);
        } catch (Exception ex) {
            return EMPTY_ARRAY;
        }
    }

    private boolean isEmpty(byte[] data) {
        return (data == null || data.length == 0);
    }
}

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  2.3 RedisTemplate 配置

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import org.springframework.cache.CacheManager;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.data.redis.cache.RedisCacheManager;
import org.springframework.data.redis.connection.RedisConnectionFactory;
import org.springframework.data.redis.core.RedisTemplate;
import org.springframework.data.redis.serializer.StringRedisSerializer;

/**
 * redis 配置
 */
@Configuration
public class RedisConfig {

    @Bean
    public CacheManager cacheManager(RedisTemplate<Object, Object> redisTemplate) {
        RedisCacheManager cacheManager = new RedisCacheManager(redisTemplate);
        cacheManager.setDefaultExpiration(1800);
        return cacheManager;
    }
    
    @Bean
    public RedisTemplate<Object, Object> redisTemplate(RedisConnectionFactory factory) {
        RedisTemplate<Object, Object> template = new RedisTemplate<Object, Object>();
        template.setConnectionFactory(factory);
        template.setKeySerializer(new StringRedisSerializer());
        template.setValueSerializer(new RedisObjectSerializer());
        return template;
    }
}

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   3.Redis实现shiro的SessionDao存取session

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import java.io.Serializable;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit;

import javax.annotation.Resource;

import org.apache.shiro.session.Session;
import org.apache.shiro.session.mgt.eis.EnterpriseCacheSessionDAO;
import org.slf4j.Logger;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;
import org.springframework.data.redis.core.RedisTemplate;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;

/**
 * redis实现共享session
 */
@Component
public class RedisSessionDAO extends EnterpriseCacheSessionDAO {

    private static Logger logger = LoggerFactory.getLogger(RedisSessionDAO.class);

    // session 在redis过期时间是30分钟30*60
    private static int expireTime = 1800;

    private static String prefix = "weiyou-shiro-session:";

    @Resource
    private RedisTemplate<String, Object> redisTemplate;

    // 创建session,保存到数据库
    @Override
    protected Serializable doCreate(Session session) {
        Serializable sessionId = super.doCreate(session);
        logger.debug("创建session:{}", session.getId());
        redisTemplate.opsForValue().set(prefix + sessionId.toString(), session);
        return sessionId;
    }

    // 获取session
    @Override
    protected Session doReadSession(Serializable sessionId) {
        logger.debug("获取session:{}", sessionId);
        // 先从缓存中获取session,如果没有再去数据库中获取
        Session session = super.doReadSession(sessionId);
        if (session == null) {
            session = (Session) redisTemplate.opsForValue().get(prefix + sessionId.toString());
        }
        return session;
    }

    // 更新session的最后一次访问时间
    @Override
    protected void doUpdate(Session session) {
        super.doUpdate(session);
        logger.debug("获取session:{}", session.getId());
        String key = prefix + session.getId().toString();
        if (!redisTemplate.hasKey(key)) {
            redisTemplate.opsForValue().set(key, session);
        }
        redisTemplate.expire(key, expireTime, TimeUnit.SECONDS);
    }

    // 删除session
    @Override
    protected void doDelete(Session session) {
        logger.debug("删除session:{}", session.getId());
        super.doDelete(session);
        redisTemplate.delete(prefix + session.getId().toString());
    }
}

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  4.实现cache共享

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import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Collection;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Set;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit;

import org.apache.shiro.cache.Cache;
import org.apache.shiro.cache.CacheException;
import org.springframework.data.redis.core.RedisTemplate;

@SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
public class ShiroCache<K, V> implements Cache<K, V> {

    private static final String REDIS_SHIRO_CACHE = "weiyou-shiro-cache:";
    private String cacheKey;
    private RedisTemplate<K, V> redisTemplate;
    private long globExpire = 30;

    @SuppressWarnings("rawtypes")
    public ShiroCache(String name, RedisTemplate client) {
        this.cacheKey = REDIS_SHIRO_CACHE + name + ":";
        this.redisTemplate = client;
    }

    @Override
    public V get(K key) throws CacheException {
        redisTemplate.boundValueOps(getCacheKey(key)).expire(globExpire, TimeUnit.MINUTES);
        return redisTemplate.boundValueOps(getCacheKey(key)).get();
    }

    @Override
    public V put(K key, V value) throws CacheException {
        V old = get(key);
        redisTemplate.boundValueOps(getCacheKey(key)).set(value);
        return old;
    }

    @Override
    public V remove(K key) throws CacheException {
        V old = get(key);
        redisTemplate.delete(getCacheKey(key));
        return old;
    }

    @Override
    public void clear() throws CacheException {
        redisTemplate.delete(keys());
    }

    @Override
    public int size() {
        return keys().size();
    }

    @Override
    public Set<K> keys() {
        return redisTemplate.keys(getCacheKey("*"));
    }

    @Override
    public Collection<V> values() {
        Set<K> set = keys();
        List<V> list = new ArrayList<>();
        for (K s : set) {
            list.add(get(s));
        }
        return list;
    }

    private K getCacheKey(Object k) {
        return (K) (this.cacheKey + k);
    }
}

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  实现shiro 的CacheManager

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import javax.annotation.Resource;

import org.apache.shiro.cache.Cache;
import org.apache.shiro.cache.CacheException;
import org.apache.shiro.cache.CacheManager;
import org.springframework.data.redis.core.RedisTemplate;

public class RedisCacheManager implements CacheManager {

    @Resource
    private RedisTemplate<String, Object> redisTemplate;

    @Override
    public <K, V> Cache<K, V> getCache(String name) throws CacheException {
        return new ShiroCache<K, V>(name, redisTemplate);
    }

    public RedisTemplate<String, Object> getRedisTemplate() {
        return redisTemplate;
    }

    public void setRedisTemplate(RedisTemplate<String, Object> redisTemplate) {
        this.redisTemplate = redisTemplate;
    }

}

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 5.配置

  

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import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Map;

import javax.annotation.Resource;

import org.apache.shiro.session.mgt.SessionManager;
import org.apache.shiro.spring.LifecycleBeanPostProcessor;
import org.apache.shiro.spring.security.interceptor.AuthorizationAttributeSourceAdvisor;
import org.apache.shiro.spring.web.ShiroFilterFactoryBean;
import org.apache.shiro.web.mgt.DefaultWebSecurityManager;
import org.apache.shiro.web.session.mgt.DefaultWebSessionManager;
import org.springframework.aop.framework.autoproxy.DefaultAdvisorAutoProxyCreator;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;

/**
 * 
 * @author April.Chen
 */
//@Configuration
public class ShiroConfig {

    @Resource
    private RedisSessionDAO sessionDAO;

    @Bean
    public UserRealm getUserRealm() {
        return new UserRealm();
    }

    @Bean
    public LifecycleBeanPostProcessor getLifecycleBeanPostProcessor() {
        return new LifecycleBeanPostProcessor();
    }

    @Bean
    public RedisCacheManager redisCacheManager() {
        return new RedisCacheManager();
    }

    @Bean
    public SessionManager sessionManager() {
        DefaultWebSessionManager sessionManager = new DefaultWebSessionManager();
        sessionManager.setSessionDAO(sessionDAO);
        sessionManager.setGlobalSessionTimeout(1800);
        sessionManager.setCacheManager(redisCacheManager());
        return sessionManager;
    }

    @Bean
    public DefaultWebSecurityManager securityManager() {
        DefaultWebSecurityManager securityManager = new DefaultWebSecurityManager();
        securityManager.setSessionManager(sessionManager());
        securityManager.setCacheManager(redisCacheManager());
        return securityManager;
    }

    @Bean
    public AuthorizationAttributeSourceAdvisor getAuthorizationAttributeSourceAdvisor() {
        AuthorizationAttributeSourceAdvisor aasa = new AuthorizationAttributeSourceAdvisor();
        aasa.setSecurityManager(securityManager());
        return new AuthorizationAttributeSourceAdvisor();
    }

    @Bean
    public DefaultAdvisorAutoProxyCreator getDefaultAdvisorAutoProxyCreator() {
        DefaultAdvisorAutoProxyCreator daap = new DefaultAdvisorAutoProxyCreator();
        daap.setProxyTargetClass(true);
        return daap;
    }

    @Bean
    public ShiroFilterFactoryBean getShiroFilterFactoryBean() {
        Map<String, String> filterChainDefinitionMap = new HashMap<>();
        ShiroFilterFactoryBean shiroFilterFactoryBean = new ShiroFilterFactoryBean();
        shiroFilterFactoryBean.setSecurityManager(securityManager());
        shiroFilterFactoryBean.setLoginUrl("/login");
        shiroFilterFactoryBean.setSuccessUrl("/index");
        filterChainDefinitionMap.put("/sa/**", "authc");
        filterChainDefinitionMap.put("/**", "anon");
        shiroFilterFactoryBean.setFilterChainDefinitionMap(filterChainDefinitionMap);
        return shiroFilterFactoryBean;
    }
}

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